The Roman and the Persian both had a successful empire throughout many decades. One way both the Roman and the Persian expanded their empire was by concurring vast territories. “Following the conquest of the Italian peninsula, Rome fought with Carthage for control over the western Mediterranean. This led to a series of conflicts called the Punic Wars”( slide 10). After the victory of the first Punic Rome seized full control of both Sicily and Corsica and most importantly, Rome emerged as a dominant powers as they emerged as a naval and land power. Romans would enslave men, women, and children after the conquest. They would also confiscate properties as rome would construct roads, fortifications, ports, and harbors to territories with Rome. …show more content…
Most importantly, both empires were successful in expanding and defeating enemies was the fact that they both have got many men power. Both of the Roman and the Persian Empire faced internal struggles within the empire. For example, Roman faced challenges from the resistance of the conquered people because of Rome’s brutality as an empire which would later lead to a civil war in 49 BCE. Some territories and people that rose against Rome were “Sabines and Etruscans on the Italian peninsula, Philip V of Macedon, Virathus of Lusitania (Iberia), Jugurtha of Numidia (North Africa), Mithridates, King of Anatolia, Spartacus Slave Revolt, Vercingetorix of Gaul, and Orodes II of Parthia” ( Slide 17). Moreover, the Plebeians demanded reform for redistribution because the wealthy people where taking the majority of the land. Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus reform movements to address these social problems ended their death by a patrician faction. Moreover, both the empires fell into a political and most importantly, an economic crisis because of the heavily …show more content…
Since the Emperor of the Parthian stopped paying the Booty in which they “ acquired in the Parthian wars kept the empire afloat until the 220s” ( 194); this angered the soldiers and many stopped fighting. This would be the fall of the Persian Empire and unfortunately “The Persian Empire collapsed under the onslaught of Alexander the Great against the last Persian shahanshah, Darius III” (slide 23). Furthermore, since the both the empires were in an outrage of plague along the trade route, the Germanic tribe would later easily rise to the power in the northern region of Europe, as far as Italy. These tribes would later be known for the defeat of the Roman
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The land became ruled by reginal kingdoms who were Germanic war loads who replaced the government. Serfdom replaced the roman slavery. Everything seemed to be diminishing away except the Roman Catholic Church which increased its influence over society. there was also the European civilization that has changed over 1000. The new lands were open to cultivation.
The Romans went to war with the Carthaginians three times over the period of 264- 146 B.C. These three wars are known as the three Punic Wars. The first war was inevitable but the other two were not and were caused by the Romans desire for war and power. There were many reasons within the Roman society that could explain why they were so quick to fight. One of these reasons was honor.
Arya Rawal Miss Haselton AP World History - Period 6 12 September 2015 Chapter 4 IDs - Eurasian Empires Thesis Statement: The Classical Eurasian Empires, all emerging around 500 B.C.E., often came into contact with one another, leading to conflict, trade, and cultural diffusion. 1. Persian Empire: The Persian Empire was one of wealth and splendor based in Iran and the Persian Gulf. From 557 to 331 B.C.E., it spanned from Egypt to the Indus River. Through conquests, 35 million people came to live under Persian rule.
LJ-6 Explain the negative effects of the Roman conquests. The many conquests of Rome brought change to her over time. Some of the changes were good and enlightened them as a people, but some of them were bad as well we will illustrate. Power was and had always been sought after and maintained in the aristocracy. Along with the hunger for power, greed was also fostered as the empire grew in size and this was one of the truly negative effects.
During the era of classical societies, the Han and Roman empires were two vast cosmopolitan societies which dominated regions all throughout Eurasia. In regards to the fall of the Han and Roman empires, both were similar in that they fell victim to internal government decay, but different in that Rome fell to foreign invasions, while Han suffered from rebellions of their own people. The Han and Roman empires were similar in their fall in that they both suffered from internal decay, specifically of their governments. In the Han empire, land distribution problems that were originally sought to be fixed by the “Socialist emperor” Wang Mang allowed large landowners to become even more influential than they previously were.
The first Persian Empire, Achaemenid Empire, lasting from 550 BCE to 330 BCE, reached its height under ruler Cyrus the Great. At its peak, it encompassed Iraq and Iran, Syria, Israel, Anatolia, parts of Egypt, the Arabian Peninsula, a large portion of Central Asia, and Macedonia to the north of the classical Greek Empire. The tension between the Persians and Greek civilizations would eventually provoke Alexander the Great, whose conquest of Persia eventually ended the Achaemenid Empire. Significantly smaller than the Achaemenid Empire, the Parthian Empire lasted from 247 BCE to 224 CE. The Parthians were the arch rivals of the Roman Empire and defeated them in Rome 's early attempts at eastward expansion toward Persia.
• Alexander the Great was the best orator and a great commanding officer. He won multiple wars whether they were in Asia or at the sea while suppressing revolts from his conquered lands. On the other hand, Constantine the Great was the first Emperor to establish Christianity during his reign in Rome that shifted Western history. Both leaders were termed “Great” because of their own achievement. They had different set of ways in winning wars, improving Ancient Greek and Ancient Rome, and proving peace and prosperity.
Babylon’s thick walls and strong gates were not able to keep the Persians. In 539 B.C.,Babylon and the rest of Mesopotamia fell under control of the Persian empire. Within a few decades, the Persian empire became the largest in the world,so far. Cyrus the Great Persia formed to the east of Mesopotamia, in what is now Iran.
The Assyrian empire and the Persian empire were two of the earliest major empires in the world. The Assyrians came in to power first, ruling from 900 BC to about 600 BC and with the help of Cyrus the Great, the Persians rose to power around 550BC. The Assyrian and Persian militaries shared many similarities, but they also differed in some aspects. Some of their similarities include their battle tactics, the organization of their armies, and their success in conquering societies. One of the major differences that stood out the most was that the Assyrians used a more brutal approach when conquering and the Persians used a more enlighten approach and were more tolerant.
The Roman Empire left a mark on history as one of the largest and most successful empires in history. How much territory did the Roman Empire rule over? At the Roman Empire’s pique, the Empire engulfed the entire Mediterranean and spread all across Western Europe and half of Great Britain. The Roman Empire was not taken likely by rival empires.
The results of the Roman Empires Fall were that the Empire was completely destroyed and many new Empires were born. The Franks conquered most of the western empire after the fall of Rome. All Empires come to an end the Roman Empire was a stepping stone for many Empires that
Economic and political problems have led empires to collapse. Although the Roman empire and the Ottoman empire were powerful empires, they could not evade their problems with in their empire. The Romans dominated Europe, parts of Africa, and parts of the Middle East for centuries, but they economic and political problems that made them lose it all. Commerce had disappeared due to the lack of customers, piracy on the seas, and insecurity on roads. Trade in everyday use had also disappeared, but trade in luxuries prospered.
Throughout history, there has been many battles in which two large and powerful empires fought to maintain land, fought over religion, or to gain an abundance of resources. These empires, the Greek and the Persian, were hostile towards each other at the time. Although these empires were quite similar, they were near direct opposites at the time.
The Persian empire was the largest empire that the ancient world had seen and it made many political advancements. Their ruling class was peaceful and was ruled by Monarchs. They constructed a model government in which they created a tax-collection system, a postal system, and roads that are still used today. Similar to the Persians, the Romans had the same accomplishments and also allowed locals to keep their religion and to gain citizenship.