Compare And Contrast Roman And Persian Empires

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The Roman and the Persian both had a successful empire throughout many decades. One way both the Roman and the Persian expanded their empire was by concurring vast territories. “Following the conquest of the Italian peninsula, Rome fought with Carthage for control over the western Mediterranean. This led to a series of conflicts called the Punic Wars”( slide 10). After the victory of the first Punic Rome seized full control of both Sicily and Corsica and most importantly, Rome emerged as a dominant powers as they emerged as a naval and land power. Romans would enslave men, women, and children after the conquest. They would also confiscate properties as rome would construct roads, fortifications, ports, and harbors to territories with Rome. …show more content…

Most importantly, both empires were successful in expanding and defeating enemies was the fact that they both have got many men power. Both of the Roman and the Persian Empire faced internal struggles within the empire. For example, Roman faced challenges from the resistance of the conquered people because of Rome’s brutality as an empire which would later lead to a civil war in 49 BCE. Some territories and people that rose against Rome were “Sabines and Etruscans on the Italian peninsula, Philip V of Macedon, Virathus of Lusitania (Iberia), Jugurtha of Numidia (North Africa), Mithridates, King of Anatolia, Spartacus Slave Revolt, Vercingetorix of Gaul, and Orodes II of Parthia” ( Slide 17). Moreover, the Plebeians demanded reform for redistribution because the wealthy people where taking the majority of the land. Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus reform movements to address these social problems ended their death by a patrician faction. Moreover, both the empires fell into a political and most importantly, an economic crisis because of the heavily …show more content…

Since the Emperor of the Parthian stopped paying the Booty in which they “ acquired in the Parthian wars kept the empire afloat until the 220s” ( 194); this angered the soldiers and many stopped fighting. This would be the fall of the Persian Empire and unfortunately “The Persian Empire collapsed under the onslaught of Alexander the Great against the last Persian shahanshah, Darius III” (slide 23). Furthermore, since the both the empires were in an outrage of plague along the trade route, the Germanic tribe would later easily rise to the power in the northern region of Europe, as far as Italy. These tribes would later be known for the defeat of the Roman

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