The 1912 Election and the Power of Progressivism: A Brief History with Documents by Brett Flehinger is about the four Presidential candidates during the election of 1912, their political parties and campaigns. The book shows how opposed each candidate 's platform was and which problems the candidates agreed on. The book has documents from this time to further aid in understanding what exactly was happening. None of the candidates, however, were as different as Theodore Roosevelt and his predecessor, William Howard Taft. Their platforms and ideas regarding trusts, direct democracy and courts and the constitution differed greatly, whilst they agreed on the important issue of women 's suffrage.
Through the New Deal legislation, the president had aimed at ensuring that he leads the country out of the economic regression that was being experienced at the time. The New Deal legislation also saw the executive arm of the government grow both in power and in size. This is because the executive branch controlled most of the sectors that shape the economy of the country. For instance, President Roosevelt was in charge of the rural electrification program, and he was also in charge of the federal labour laws, the Social Security creation and other programs and projects that helped farmers and people in business to grow their enterprises (Jackson, Donald & Riddlesperger 165). Through this, the president Roosevelt was able to manage the economy of the country.
Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson were both progressive presidents, but their approaches to regulating and controlling big business in the United States differed. President Roosevelt felt that big business were not truly villainous, for they were part of the 20th century playing a big part in the everyday American life. He felt that the commander in chief should be over the legislative action towards the reform. He asserted that the government should regulate the big businesses and trust to ensure that they did not misuse their power.
Where they really all that different? Theodore Roosevelt Jr. and Thomas Woodrow Wilson, became the 26th and 28th Presidents of the United States (Brinkley, 497,503) and are known as two of the nation’s greatest. On the surface, they appear to be so very completely different in their lifestyles, style of governing and solutions in foreign and domestic policy. Below the surface though, were these two men more alike and fighting for the same goal? Growing up in the mid 1880’s, these two men exhibited some distinct commonalities, however, there were many differences as well.
During this time three different president- Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson-each played a part in fixing the monopolies and corporate greed. Breaking up one company into many, securing that not one person made all the profit. Which is good for the economy, being able to share the wealth. Yet, the government didn 't bother in touching other important
President Woodrow Wilson was the last of the Progressive Presidents and as such caused great economic, political and social change. He served between 1913 and 1921 during which he imposed economic change through reforms, both national and international political change and a change in the role of women, giving them the right to vote. The effects of Wilsons presidency created abundant change within American society that had long lasting impacts. Political change was imminent in Wilsons second term as he was given emergency presidential power to, in some cases, bypass Congress, to speed up the law-making process. For example, he imposed the Selective Services Act in 1917 which authorised conscription in the US so that the military could be built up quickly and would not have to rely wholly on volunteers; according to Khan Academy this was well received by the American public as they were incredibly patriotic and believed it was their responsibility to support their nation, as such few men dodged.
Wilson took down trust left and right and passed the Underwood Tariff which lowered taxes for the first time since the Civil War. He helped pass the 19th amendment which allowed for women to vote and created the FCC, federal trade commission, and the Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914. All three of these presidents help immensely with the Progressive
Another thing he did was the Pure Food and Drug Act and this act was to restrict foods so that businesses had to tell the truth about what was in their food with a ingredients label (which still exist today). This act would be another act tied in with economic reform, because this act reformed businesses to where they have to be more honest about their food with telling the customers exactly what is in them. But this act along with the Meat Inspection Act would also be social welfare, because it is trying to make food more sanitary for the people to eat and make people more healthy. Furthermore Roosevelt was named a Trust Buster for breaking up a lot of trusts. The first trust he broke up was the Northern Cooperation which was a railroad.
Franklin D. Roosevelt (U.S. President 1882–1945) and Lyndon B. Johnson (U.S. President 1963–1969) are two examples of this. While both had an eye in developing a larger Federal government and supplying food, work, and medical care for those that could not afford them on their own, they are often criticized for the cons that came with the programs that they implemented. FDR’s and LBJ’s presidencies occurred during different economic challenges and social issues but they ultimately handled them in similar ways. Franklin Delano Roosevelt in Hyde Park, New York 1882. After his law career, Roosevelt began his election to the New York State Senate in 1910 and was appointed Secretary of the Navy in 1913.
In his speech, it showed hatred and anger towards the corporations, and showed empathy for anyone who didn't get as much money as they should've (New Nationalism speech 1910). However, he was hopeful for the future. So basically, he just wanted to persuade the audience. On the other hand, Woodrow Wilson program a campaign for his presidency in 1912 that emphasized small government and competition (New Freedom speech 1913). It sought to reign in federal authority, restore competition by releasing personal energy.
New Nationalism vs. New Freedom In the 1912 election for president there were four candidates, two were Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson. Both had reforms that they placed as the center of their campaigns. Roosevelt’s reform was New Nationalism and Wilson’s was New Freedom.
Other presidents were also able to establish antitrust reforms. President Woodrow Wilson established the Federal Trade Commission Act, aimed to prevent monopoly, and the Clayton Antitrust Bill. As Document E illustrates, the Clayton Antitrust Bill claims it unlawful to "lessen competition” or “tend to create a monopoly in any line of commerce". Although Presidents Roosevelt and Wilson established reforms to stop monopoly, they still had many holes in their trust-busting campaign which severely limited the full effects of
The transition between presidents Herbert Hoover and Franklin Roosevelt marked the transformation from a weak, to a strong form of government, which became directly involved in the lives of the people. This was primarily caused by the difference in the executive leaders ideologies, where Hoover was more focused on individual responsibility and capitalism, Roosevelt was more concerned with immediate action based on government intervention. Overall, the New Deal sacrificed the amount of personal responsibility that the people had with their own economic security. The power of the federal government was strengthened, but the long-lasting effects based on the social and economic policies was beneficial for the United States. Herbert Hoover began
In 1903, he helped pass a law called the Hepburn Act. The act helped support more government action. Specifically, the act empowered the ICC, or the Interstate Commerce Commission, by giving them the ability to regulate shipping rates. The bill was slowed by Congress, who saw the act as a step in the wrong direction. They believed the government was extending its bounds.
Labor itself made a lot of gains during the Progressive Era, mostly at the state level; however government gave no support to unions. Labor failed to organize basic industries, while most judges cared about property than human rights and issued injunctions. President Taft was Roosevelt’s predecessor in 1909. Prices were rising so midwesterners blamed it on the Dingley Tariff. President Taft said he would lower tariffs,but “old guard” Republicans raised them instead.