Socrates is treating Euthyphro as the teacher, when in fact Socrates is teaching Euthyphro. It seems like Euthyphro is not thinking along the right line at all. Let’s take into account the Divine command theory, which says that the moral action is the one of God says is moral and if God prohibits it then it’s not moral. This theory is widely held to be refuted by Euthyphro argument. Euthyphro, the argument, gives two alternatives to the divine command theory that either morally good acts are willed by God because they are morally good, or morally good acts are morally good because they are willed by God.
Socrates does not make sound arguments because although his premises are logical, they sometimes have nothing to do with the original argument. In Plato’s Euthyphro, the Euthyphro dilemma argument states whether the Gods love the pious because it is pious or it is pious because the Gods love it. In order to support this distinction, Socrates’ first premise in supporting this conclusion is the example of being carried. Socrates claims that there is a difference between something that is already in the state of being carried because it is carried or if something is carried because it is in the state of being carried. Similarly, there is a difference between something being in the state of being loved because it is loved and something being loved
Instead, Socrates chooses to question Crito’s request and comes to the conclusion that it is best for him to stay. After reading Plato’s Apology and Crito, I can conclude that according to Socrates human virtue is knowledge (wisdom). In this paper I will present two disputes that’s Socrates uses to prove what human virtue is. In Apology, one argument Socrates makes is that he is not wise. Socrates starts this off by explaining how Chaerephon went to the god Delphi, and Delphi asked if he knew any man that was wiser
Divine command theory has many weaknesses. The weaknesses of this theory are best shown by Plato’s dialogue, Euthyphro, which poses a question. Are actions morally good because they are approved by God or the gods, or whether God or the gods approve of action because they are morally good? If someone believes that morally good acts are good because they are willed by God, then God could command us to do anything, and it would be right for us to do it. Whatever God commands becomes the principle of moral rightness.
Socrates’ Arguments in the Crito In The Crito, Socrates argues that he should not escape prison because it would be morally incorrect. He says that the really important thing is not to live but to live well. Therefore, by escaping prison, not only will he suffer the consequences but also his family, his friends, and the city of Athens. Socrates argues that the city of Athens would be affected if he escapes from prison. By escaping from prison, he would be breaking the laws of the city.
they lead their country by a short route to chaos” (Bolt, 1990:6). By analysing this quote, one can certainly identify that Thomas More relies on his conscience to be a guide to him. His conscience is the part of him that shapes his morals and inspires him to be a man of integrity. Merrigan (2017:25) states that “to be faithful to conscience means to act responsibly in the light of one’s knowledge of one’s duty.” Sir Thomas More has the knowledge and insight to know that it was unethical to involve others into his decisions before and during his trial. He deliberately decides to keep quiet and also not involve his family in his predicament even though they were also suffering the consequences of his
When addressing the difference between just and unjust laws for the clergymen Martin Luther King Jr. stated, A just law is man-made code that squares with the mora law or the law of God. An unjust law is a code that is out of harmony with the moral law. To put it in the terms of Saint Thomas Aquinas, an unjust law is a human law that is not rooted in eternal and natural law. King distinguishes between just and unjust laws by explaining the difference between them; he explains the moral affect each one has, the unfair way the majority used unjust laws, and the reason breaking unjust laws is okay. Now then, King uses morality to help explain the difference between just and unjust laws.
The Apology is the regretful acknowledgment of a failure to follow the norms, but the in the Five dialogue it is a record of the formal speech to the jury of Socrates brought in his personal justification at the trial written by Plato. The Apology is the third part which explains the life of the Socrates, who he is, and what he did to find the wisest person in the Athens. The first part of the five dialogue is the main speech by the counter-assessment, and finally, last words to the jury, both to those who voted for the death sentence. Socrates is the wise philosopher who was brought in the courtroom due to some violation as thought by the people and the Meletus. Meletus was the accuser who had claimed two things on him.
Plato's The Apology is a record of the discourse Socrates makes at the trial in which he is accused of not perceiving the divine beings perceived by the state, developing new gods, and undermining the young of Athens. Socrates' discourse, in any case, is in no way, shape or form a "conciliatory sentiment" in our advanced comprehension of the word. The name of the exchange gets from the Greek "apologia," which deciphers as a guard, or a discourse made in barrier. Hence, in The Apology, Socrates endeavors to shield himself and his behavior - absolutely not to apologize for it. Generally, Socrates talks in a plain, conversational way.
And yet again, Socrates is able to react to this quote by causing Euthyphro to question his statement by replying, “And to give correctly is to give them what they need from [e] us, for it would not be skillful to bring gifts to anyone that are in no way needed.” (p.19). Through this reiteration of Euthyphro’s statement regarding gifting the gods, Socrates is able subtly hinting that a true, “good” entity should not require to be gifted from a being of a lower status and instead should help others as it is in their “good” nature. For God wants to help humans for the sake of working
Now that king established the theory of Just and Unjust laws he then explains the difference between a just and unjust law, King says just laws “square with moral law” meaning the law agrees with the law of god. An unjust law is the opposite; the