Greece was divided into individual city-states that each had their own form of government. Most notable, however, was the democracy of Athens and the oligarchy of Sparta. The driving force behind all of Greek life and politics was this concept of arete. While arete differed between Athens and Sparta, this lust for excellence became the driving force behind their democracy and oligarchy. The geography of Greece did not allow for a strictly central government, and so, the Greeks adapted.
Classical Athens and Han China are different from each other by its size and scope, the types of government, and how philosophers influence their societies. Athens was located in modern-day Greece next to the Mediterranean Sea. China was located in East Asia next to the Pacific Ocean. One factor that distinguishes Athens and Han China are their size and population. Document 1 shows a map of the two societies.
What are two Greek city-states that you know? I know two popular city-states of Ancient Greece: Sparta and Athens. Sparta and Athens are known as city-state with many contrasting beliefs. Sparta was a strict military society while Athens was a free democracy. Sparta prohibited any new ideas while Athens accepted it.
Democracy, a noun that means the society is governed by the people, a system of voting, and majority rules. In ancient Greece, demokratia, otherwise known as democracy can be battered down into demo, and kratia. Demo, meaning the people, and kratia meaning the power or rule. Together it means rule by the people. The purpose of this essay is to prove that ancient Greece wasn’t truly democratic.
In his second response he discusses the importance of following the laws created by the state. Though he uses different terminology, Socrates is essentially discussing the same group of people. The state of Athens is ruled by a democracy; a government ruled by the people. In the structure of a Democracy the jurors and officials must be Athenian Citizens thirty years or older. Jurors were also required to be under oath during the proceedings (Cartwright).
With the way that Pericles and Socrates lived they would clearly have different views of life. Pericles believed that Athens was superior to any other Greek city- state. The Athenian laws are not emulated by any others; they are their own. Athens had a democracy and other Greek city-states looked to Athens to base their laws. To Pericles, Athens emulated the best of
How were the two city-states similar in their governmental structures? They are similar in the sense that only males were allowed to be a part of politics and that they both had a hierarchy in place that separated the political powers of each group. In both structures the wealthier aristocrats had the most influence in decision making. How did they differ? One major difference is that the Spartan government had two kings that came from separate royal families which tied back to their legendary founders (Agiads and Eurypontids).
He uses the example of ruling a city, where a government would change the rules and laws to best suit them, and as the rules are followed by those who act justly, the just would be acting in the favour of the stronger. Socrates objects to this and claims that humans will make mistake, as that is part of being human, and may
Rome 's government laid the foundation of the modern day representative democracy. Rome didn’t have a direct democracy like Athens, Greece. However Rome had a small group of privileged citizens that represent the people. These people who helped run Rome were collectively called the Senate. The Roman system was built so that patricians managed the senate 's assemblies with the system called Patronage.
Plato is the thinker or theorist who came with addressing who should rule in a political environment in what Plato outlined that only Philosophers should rule. This ideology will be addressed in the essay with substantiated reasons on why Plato thought that philosophers should rule. 1.1 DEFINITIONS OF KEY TERMS 2 PLATO BIOGRAPHY Plato was born around the year 428 BCE in Athens. Plato 's birth name was Aristocles, and he gained the nickname Platon, meaning broad, because of his broad build. His family had a history in politics, and Plato was destined to a life in keeping with this history.
Lust of power can be shown in Greece when they yearned to make a democracy for people because they felt certain people should have the power. Now starting off with Greece, who was the first city to ever have a democracy. Their democracy didn’t give as much power to the people but they did inspire other cities. During Rome’s spreading power, Judeo-Christianity began rising. Rome’s democracy was a republic, which meant their political power depended on the people governing.
Sparta contained three social group as well, the citizens or landowners, the non-citizens, and the Helots who were forced to work for the citizens. Although the two city-states of Greece carried different motives they were both thought of as thinkers who loved beauty and multiple forms of art. Culture is one thing the two city states seemed to differ in greatly. Athens was thought to be a more progressive city-state. It’s known for art, architecture, drama, science advancements, philosophy, as well as literature.
The word democracy derives from the Greek language, demos, which referred to the entire citizen body. Many powerful leaders supported the control of the Greek Empire. Cleisthenes, an Athenian leader, introduced a system of political reforms that he called demokratia, or “rule by the people.” The Greeks thought the political power could reside in the hands of one single individual (monarchs and tyrants). "Athens constitution is called a democracy because it respects the interests not of the
The system of government was based on philosophy rather than belief of something higher like gods. The Greeks believed in the ability of men to think rationally and govern based on reason. Greece believed more in what they could see. The Greeks government was run through the citizens, it was voted on who would rule; it was not like India where the rulers were based on patriarchy. Some might argue that Ancient India and Greece were more similar rather than different, however Greece and India were more different than they were similar.
Cleisthenes is the only Greek philosopher, during the Hellenic era, I can relate with. Cleisthenes, an Athenian aristocrat, favored democracy, allied with my political values. He believed that the people should have the final say in their government to promote civil harmony. I believe in a democratic government that possesses equal rights for all citizens; a government that allows its citizens to provide input on political or social issues. Cleisthenes gave political responsibilities to Ekklesia, the Boule and the Deme’s, to create and implement decisions for their polis; in addition, to maintaining the future of Athens.