Carthage was an oligarchy and a republic, having elected officials but only from a certain class. One has to wonder, was that one of the reasons Carthage fell? Rome's government, at the time, was one chosen and run by the people. Carthage was one chosen and run by the elite. Rome would not enter a war or do something that put its people at risk.
.Introduction Athens and Sparta were two major city-states in old Greek. We review their governance and compare them for their similarities and differences. How did people in Athens and Sparta obtain the right to participate in public life and make decisions affecting the community? Who held public office? What rules governed the selection of public office holders?
How are Sparta and Athens different and similar to each other? These are the types of questions that allow us to understand the two cities politically. Althought Classical Athens was a democracy, not all citizens had the same rights and benefits. Women, slaves, and foreigners were not citizens, which leaves the males as the only individuals with citizenship. Having citizenship means not being excluded from politics and having the option of serving in the Assembly.
INTRODUCTION Former US President, Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) defines democracy in his Gettysburg Address delivered in 1864 as the government of the people, by the people and for the people” (Lincoln, 1864). Different authors have given several definition of the term. Among them is David Held, a renowned authority on the concept. He defined democracy as: “Democracy means a form of government in which, in contradistinction monarchies and aristocracies, the people rule. Democracy entails a political community in which there is some form of political equality among the people” (Nitisha) Democracy as a system of government has different origins to different people.
There are several mainstreams forms of government, why democracy is regarded as an ideal form of government which agreed by the majority? Winston Churchill even said before, “Democracy is the worst form of government, except for all the others.” Though democracy is an unsatisfactory form of government, it is better than dictatorial government or oligarchy, especially in ancient times. There are not too many civilizations accept democracy as the form of government, but it was first practiced in Ancient Greece. Although at that time, only free men were counted as citizens, not included women, children, or slaves, vote was first developed in Ancient Greece. Five hundred names were drawn from a pool of all name of Athens citizens and those people could have a chance to make new laws and change old laws, then all citizens of Athens needed to vote for those laws.
However, the militarized society of Sparta and the warrior mindset didn’t chose alienation of the masses over the integration of the weakest members of the society. With that in mind, we will now look at the finer details of the governmental systems of these two city states. Discussion How did people in Athens and Sparta obtain the right to participate in public life and make decisions affecting the community? Athenians participated in the public life and the process of decision making for the community, by the means of direct democracy; Thetes - all free male members who were also a citizen of Athens – had the right to partake in debates and passing laws in Ekklesia or “People’s
Both forms of government tend to use a representational system — i.e., citizens vote to elect politicians to represent their interests and form the government. In a republic, a constitution or charter of rights protects certain inalienable rights that cannot be taken away by the government, even if it has been elected by a majority of voters. In a democracy the majority is not restrained in this way and can impose its will on the minority. Most modern nations are democratic republics with a constitution, which can be amended by a popularly elected government. This comparison therefore contrasts the form of government in most countries today with a theoretical construct of a democracy, mainly to highlight the features of a republic.
A historian could easily tell you that, but your everyday person would struggle at telling a more detailed response about the differences between the two.. While both Athens and Sparta are Greek Cities that flourished in Classical Greece, they’re extremely distinguished from each other and could be considered their own bodies. Athens was named after the Greek goddess Athena.
But there were also many differences among the two cultures. Ancient Rome was built on a plain and thus developed a strong centre with the whole civilization having a similar culture. Ancient Greece on the other hand consisted of numerous city-states with some having quite different cultures than others, due to mountains and sea restricting interaction with one another. The cultures of Athens and Sparta for example were very different. Athens was considered to be the city-state of freedom, knowledge and democracy.
Firstly he gives his description of his idea of justice in the state and then the individual. For Plato, justice is ‘justice is the ultimate virtue of both individuals and the social system’ (philosopypages.com) The idea of democracy was a ‘recipe for societal disaster’ in the view of Plato. This was because the idea of people’s right to rule themselves would allow individuals who were not principally rational to make important decisions. This to Plato was truly unjust. It would certainly force society into