Athens and Sparta are better in different aspects. For example, Sparta discouraged superfluous arts, but Athens appreciated them. This aspect is evident by the Athenian ruins, and that Sparta has no remnants of their history besides the tombs of their generals. This aspect concludes that Athens had more to lose during the Peloponnesian War. Athens had an empire, they stood up for values, they were the school of Greece, while Sparta were clinching onto their dear iron bars.
Men have the desire to live together in a common interest, so the state is formed towards equality between citizens. Nevertheless, male and female relationships are inevitable and necessary because it is a natural activity. That is why human beings need to be together in a common interest in order to progress, because they are unable to live by their own. As Aristotle values politics as the most significant virtue, he reflects that a citizen can only be a member of the state if he takes part in the political life of the city. Therefore, not everybody is allowed to be considered as citizens; slaves and foreign people are not citizens.
There was still a class hierarchy that was established. The Spartans were the highest on the hierarchy and all The Spartans were citizens. The middle group was called The Perioci which means “dwellers-around,” and those were the craft men and work men who were not citizens, but as well were not slaves. The last group was The Helots, these people were slaves mostly from war and they did all the dirty work. The Helots made work a lot easier for the women since The Helots were stuck with the dirty work and not the women.
Molly Plenge Professor Mann WHO 1012 02 October 2017 Hypocrisy in Athens According to Plato, the four virtues that make up the perfect state are courage, wisdom, justice, and moderation. All are classic examples of how hippocratic the Athenian democracy was; but the most deceiving virtue would be justice. The Athenians took pride in their established democracy, where all men were created equal. This of course, doesn’t apply to the thousands of slaves, foreign born residents, and women. In short, Athens failed to comply with the principles that it set.
Greece: - Political debates - Development of city and states Cleisthenes thought the key to a better Athens was to give less power to selected ‘important’ families and more power to normal citizens. He made Athens’ first democratic constitution and was the founder of Athenian democracy. It was now the focus that Politics involved everyone, not just the wealthy. Athenian democracy was amazing. It guaranteed a voice and vote to everyone, not just the rich.
How are Sparta and Athens different and similar to each other? These are the types of questions that allow us to understand the two cities politically. Althought Classical Athens was a democracy, not all citizens had the same rights and benefits. Women, slaves, and foreigners were not citizens, which leaves the males as the only individuals with citizenship. Having citizenship means not being excluded from politics and having the option of serving in the Assembly.
He wanted to show that a democracy would more likely make better decisions than a dictator. Sophocles believed that a “dictator makes decisions for the benefit of themselves and a democracy will make decisions for the benefit of the people” (Shearer). Sophocles had a small family, had married twice in his lifetime and had two sons of the names Lophon and Agathon. Due to Sophocles great achievements and contribution to his society and people he was very well respected by the Athenians. This respect lead these people to place him in a position for the military services.
The post-Cleisthenes Athens had a special system of government, which is often thought to be the most democratic one of all times. The leading power was an assembly of all free citizens called ecclesia. This body was responsible for the declaration of war and peace, electing the officials and applying laws. All the citizens had the equal amount of rights during the
Instead of being ruled my emperors or the upper class, the democracy allowed all male citizens to have equal political rights, freedom of speech, and the opportunity to participate in their government. “The Athens’ political affairs were open to all citizens. Every citizen had the right and obligation to take part in state affairs and voice their opinions.” The changes that Athens put in place were so important that they impact us even until this day.
Ancient Greek culture is a wonderful culture in world civilization. However, ancient Greek culture is not a single culture, which contains many special cultures in reality. Ancient Greek culture may be best known for the Spartan culture and the Athenian culture. If we can say that the Athenian culture contains the seeds of modern western democratic politics, we also can say that the Spartan culture is an unusual attempt on the national governance, even the shadow of fascism. Education is the foundation of any nations, which means that the way of education determines the future of the nation.
Athenians Democracy Ancient Athens has two documents that discuss democracy. The first one is “Document A: Pericles” and the other one is “Document B: The The Athenian Constitution”. In document A, I found that is truly democratic because your social class is not allowed the interfere with someone 's merit. For example, if you’re poor you’re still able to serve the state or be part of the government. In document A it also states that “you get equal justice.” And that’s the way it should be.
In conclusion, the two civilizations believed in entirely different ways to govern themselves and they both had completely different values of individuals. Athens had a strong confidence in each male citizen, believing that men were higher over all. They believed each man should engage in government and contribute their thoughts. On the other hand, Han China did not cherish the individual, instead, they believed men were a part of nature. They also believed that people should behave, be kind to others, and let the higher classes govern
The city-state wanted to better themselves, so they developed the code of behavior of non-retaliation. They provided three social groups the citizens or free adult males, non-citizens who were women or foreigners, and slaves. Sparta, on the other hand, carried military values they provided the military with whatever needs necessary. This city-state emphasized on expanding power and gaining control over other kingdoms. Sparta contained three social group as well, the citizens or landowners, the non-citizens, and the Helots who were forced to work for the citizens.
The Great Compromise showed a commitment by the framers to ensuring that no person’s vote be less important because of where they live. The Supreme Court used this and other cases to determine that “the right of suffrage is a fundamental matter in a free and democratic society,” (Reynolds v. Sims). Today, it’s easy to assume that we have more equality in our voting system than ever. That conclusion is difficult to reach unfortunately when examining two things: campaign financing and state wealth and political position. The Supreme Court case Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission held that corporations have the same donation rights as individuals under the First Amendment.
Introduction The Athenians and Spartans were rulers in their own right and developed different political systems. Athens is the capital and largest city of Greece, the birthplace of democracy. Athenians were patrons that support, protects, and believed in living and dying as a champion. Their foundation was primarily focused on economic growth. Spartans believed in being resilient and self-disciplined.