Big Brother was meant to symbolize how the world would be under a totalitarian communist government. Big Brother was watching everything in Oceania, and put fear into some, but put the feeling of safety in others. Not everyone in Oceania wanted to rebel against Big Brother like Winston did. Winston had fear in the, “black-mustachio’d face,”(2) known as Big Brother. Posters were everywhere in the city with this face and the caption, “BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU,”(2).
“The Middle East, which has been converted by Russia ,Would today be prized more than ever by international communism.” Thesis: While all Cold War presidents wanted to stop communism,they all had different ideas on how to accomplish that issue.President truman used economic aid. President Eisenhower focused on military aid.President Kennedy used military use. During the cold war was an period of time were the United states and the Soviet union did not agree on things, like communism. The policy of containment was when the United states tried different things and many strategies to stop the spread of communism (Ayers 819). Eisenhower was all for the military aid and he wanted to cooperate with other countries.
Maes (2002) explains that although Stalin was open to the concept of creating art, he still kept a grip on the process by saying “the relative liberalization had been ushered in by the regime itself and was carefully controlled” (Maes, 2002: 243). Maes (2002) also discusses Lenin’s involvement in culture and the arts as it was his belief that “culture was subordinate to politics” (Maes, 2002: 239). Lenin enforced the communist regime and was inspired by ruling through fear. Harris (2013) clarifies Lenin’s methods by displaying his approaches to keeping control of his country. This meant that Lenin “viewed terror as a legitimate and necessary instrument of political struggle” (Harris, 2013: 50).
Joseph Stalin and Fidel Castro were dictators famous for their communist ideology and violent reigns while totalitarian dictators. Defined by Dictionary.com, Totalitarianism is “absolute control by the state or a governing branch of a highly centralized institution” and a dictator is “a person exercising absolute power, especially a ruler who has absolute, unrestricted control in a government without hereditary succession.” Dictators are usually stern, but passionate in front of the public. Joseph Stalin and Fidel Castro both came to rise in environments that were challenging politically, economically, socially or all of the above. They offered another light that people were desperate to see. They wanted change.
The Cold War soon begins after the end of WW2 when Truman, the successor of Roosevelt became president in 1945 due to ideological differences between the two superpowers, United States and the Soviet Union. The Cold War had a massive impact on US politics as could be seen through the creation of political consensus between the Republican and Democrats in relation to the policy of containment that includes the Marshall plan, the establishment of the NATO, the NSC-68 report and also the Truman Doctrine as the response of George Kennan’s containment theory, which caused US politics to be specifically targeted at the Soviet Union. While there are political consensus to contain Communism, the Cold War had primarily polarised politics when McCarthy
In order to combat the continuous spread of communism, Truman passed the Truman doctrine, which allowed for foreign intervention in countries affected by Communism. The Truman doctrine had successes such as the Korean War and the crises in Iran & Turkey. On the other hand, it also had failures such as allowing Russian advancement in Hungary and the spread of communism to other countries ( Czech & Cuba).
To the Americans, this was not a trivial border dispute between two parties somewhere on the map. Instead, they feared that it was the first step in a communist campaign to take over the world - they believed that should one country fell to communism, then others would follow, much like a domino effect. Hence, it is in US’s stance to intervene in this conflict, as per their containment policy. (In fact, in April 1950, the NSC-68, a National Security Council report, had recommended that the US use military force to “contain” communist expansionism “regardless of the intrinsic strategic or economic value of the lands in
To create it he was based on leninism and marxism, stalinism is considered by historians mainly because it was a very extreme totalitarianism. He used propaganda, secret police and terror to induce his thoughts. Stalin created thirteen plans to boost the Soviet Union economy and his control. The most important ones were the first plan in which he induced the collectivization of the farms (successful), the second plan had the main objective to boost Russia’s steel production in order to surpass Germany’s production. The third plan had the objective of preparing Russian for the second world war against Germany and relied on boosting military supply production, the fourth and fifth plan focused on rebuilding Russia after the WWII.
After Lenin’s death in 1924 and rivalry amongst the Communist Party to take his place , only two candidates stood out from the others . Trotsky and Stalin both wanted supreme power but Stalin’s ability and determination to undermine his opponents led him to become in 1929 the undisputed party leader . To continue , Stalin once in power was about to set new policies , especially economical and social in order to modernize the USSR . Knowing that Russia was as backward in certain area as it used to be one hundred years earlier . It was indeed going to be a huge challenge for Stalin , who was willing to do anything to accomplish his ideas .
He was able to gain popular support by promising the lower classes, the largest portion of the population, more power and equality, which are the main characteristics of communism. Pol Pot’s goal was to create a new type of Cambodian man immune from foreign influence (Rainsy). Class was to be based on social and ideological grounds where the former lowest classes of society; the peasants, farmers and workers, made up the entire population. He basically wanted to dismantle all wealthy classes in order to give power to the peasants, even though he would eventually be considered a dictator and control almost all aspects of Cambodian government. By doing this he would create a collectivist agrarian utopia, or a communist society based on agriculture (Tucker).
The Unforgotten Historiography of the Korean War Isabel Shea By 1950, the Cold War had become pervasive both at home and abroad. In foreign policy terms the United States had proclaimed itself as the only major protection against communist expansion. In 1947 the Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan confirmed the US commitment to keeping Europe free from communism. Then the United States signed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization agreement in April 1949 confirming American willingness to go to war if necessary to protect democracy from communist challenges. The events of 1949, when the Chinese communists emerged victorious from their civil war and the Soviet Union detonated its first atomic bomb, seemed to confirm to the United States
After Kennedy’s assassination Lyndon Johnson inherited the White House and took the approach that dictatorships should not be appeased. Johnson was reluctant to become involved in Vietnam due to his political interpretation and policy direction are known as “Containment” and his belief that there was a threat of world domination by Communism which had become a very common Cold-War view among American politicians during this time period. But he continued on to help provide economic and military aid and even authorizes covert actions to prove to enemies that America will take a tough stance in Vietnam. As president, he felt he had to take all necessary measures to protect the U.S. from any attack a and to prevent any further
These factors are both reasons why the war started, and "weapons" that were used. Communism is when everything in a country is shared, to make everything "equal." This is what the Soviet 's believed in, making everything "equal," no matter how unfair it seems to others. The United States believed in capitalism, when if one person makes money, they do not have to share it, it belongs to them. Which one seems more fair?