The Tang Dynasty Learning China’s history, you find that the Tang Dynasty was the greatest historic period in Chinese history. Founded in 618 and ending in 907, the dynasty, under the ruling of the Tang Emperors, became the most powerful and thriving country in the world, at that time. Particularly, in this magnificent period, the economy, politics, culture and military strength reached an exceptional advanced level. After about 300 years of division and fragmentation following the collapse of the Han dynasty in 220 A.D, China once again was unified under the Sui dynasty (581–618). The political and governmental institutions established during this short period prepared the foundation for the growth and prosperity of the succeeding Tang dynasty.
China, up until the Qin Dynasty, consisted of independent states controlled by kings fighting each other for land and power. This time period was called The Era of Warring States, which lasted two hundred years. After this time, the Qin Dynasty rose to power. They conquered all other dynasties, and established a centralized government, unifying China for the first time. The dynasty that succeeded the Qin, the Han, continued the centralized government and they started a westward expansion that would encourage trade and cultural diffusion.
The societies of Tokugawa Japan (c.1603-1867C.E.) and medieval Europe (c.1000-1500C.E.) had two things in common; a feudal system. A feudal system is something that features hierarchies or social structures. The feudal system normally starts with a religion, which is at the very top of the social pyramid, then it’s the King or monarch for Europe and the shogun for Japan, then there are the nobles for Europe and the daimyos for Japan. As we go down the pyramid there are the warriors, like the knight in Europe and the samurai in Japan, then there are the peasants. The peasants were included in both eras and are at the lowest part of the pyramid.
The Romans and the Han had similar methods of political control due to the fact that they both used their ancestors as a way to continue their political reign. For example, Roman senators would nominate their sons for public offices and in Han society dynastic control allowed a family to continuously reign. Women also played little to no roles in politics in Rome and Han China; however their methods of political control were different in that the Romans used wealth and property ownership as a deciding factor in appointing political leadership, while the Han was run under a dynasty which granted leadership within the ruling family. The Romans and Han used different methods of political control in their systems
Introduction The period of Zhenguan in the Tang Dynasty is one of the most powerful and prosperous period in the long history of ancient China. During the period of Zhenguan, the politics was bright, the populations of people increased obviously, the communications with foreign countries in Asia and European were frequent, the agriculture and handicraft developed, and China became the most powerful countries in Asia. It is amazing that the period of Zhenguan appeared just after thirty-one years after the establishment of the Tang Dynasty in 618. To analyze the inconceivable appearance of the period of Zhenguan in the Tang Dynasty, Emperor Taizong of Tang (Li Shimin) was the person who could not be ignored, because he was the second emperor
Han and Yuan Dynasties The Han Dynasty lasted from 206 BC up until 220 AD. The Han Dynasty was founded by Liu Bang. The Yuan Dynasty was about 1000 years later from 1271-1368. The Yuan Dynasty was founded by Kublai Khan, but he placed his grandfather on the imperial records as founder.
China had several independent states before unification. The Shang and the Zhou were evidently the powerful state that took control over some states. However, the Zhou experienced its decline that led to wars and chaos. The Zhou dynasty’s last years were known to be a period of turmoil and confusion. This incident is better known as the Period of the Warring States in which conflagration was of great magnitude that led society to reflect on their situation.
By the middle of the 14th century, the Yuan dynasty, run by the Mongols was in decline. Like all Chinese dynasties, it was coming to an end and the evidence that the rulers had lost the Mandate of Heaven was everywhere. The government was corrupt, spent too much money on wars, and they could not collect enough taxes from the population to provide them with the services to keep them content. In addition, many Chinese leaders grew tired of being ruled by the foreign Mongols. They wanted a return to China run by Chinese.
Expansion and Integration • Classical Civilizations adjusting to expansion. • Confucius, Buddha, and Socrates all between 550 and 400 BCE. • Felt the need to articulate central values and ethics. • China was more centralized.
One of the difference between the Qin and the Han dynasty is that Qin dynasty practiced Legalism and the Han dynasty practiced Confucianism. For the Han dynasty, in Document 3, states that they had a exam system of giving opportunities for everyone across the dynasty who has outstanding moral and learning to have a chance to have a role in the government, which shows that the Han dynasty emperor gave more opportunities to the commoners. For the Qin in Document 2, says that the people follow the rules, and there are no trouble because the people understand what happens when they do not follow the rules, which leads to punishments. Which shows that the Qin dynasty had strict rules for people to just obey for the government and have no say. Taking
In order to understand the similarities of how order was in the Han Dynasty and Roman Empire from 300 BCE to 300 CE, the beginnings of each empire should be understood. Before the Han Dynasty rose, the Qin Dynasty, which overtaxed their citizens and regulated their laws by censoring education (burning books). The Roman Empire started out as a city-state which began to conquer neighboring regions, such as Italy, and expanded through warfare. However, from 300 BCE to 300 CE, the Han Dynasty and Roman Empire both created order in society by having an agrarian economy, ideologies, and establishing an authority that shaped social structures. The first similarity of how the Romans and the Han both created order in society, from 300 BCE to 300 CE, was their agrarian economy.
While both the ancient Roman Empire and Tang dynasty have long since fallen, many lessons can be learned from how these two once great Empires were able to expand as well as maintain their empire. These strategies have stood the test of time and are still relevant today. Even during different time periods as well as in different regions in the world, several of the same strategies were used by both empires. Their ability to expand their territory and create significant innovations would aid to the success of their respective empire along with leave a lasting mark on history.
In our history, countries have found what government types have worked and what hasn’t. For example, the Qin and Zhou dynasties both represent the output of a person/group having too much power. Also, we had two wars over communism because in communism the central government has too much power. I think that a great country is based around the power given. To spread the power I would use the U.S. Constitution and Chinese philosophies.