The time period of 1750 to 1900 was characterized as one of revolutions across the American and European continents. Two of the most influential revolutions during this time period were the American and French Revolution. They were both revolutions with the aim of overthrowing monarchical systems of government. Despite their goals to extend greater power to the citizen classes, each revolution saw a leader rise to power and have greater influence in the changes within their country. In the American Revolution there was George Washington, a military general during the war against Great Britain, then eventual president of the new nation. For the French Revolution there was Maximilian Robespierre, a lawyer who rose to power through the Third …show more content…
Therefore, both Washington and Robespierre applied to many Enlightenment beliefs. Many Enlightenment thinkers of the time had progressive views of human rights and the role of the government, and the Revolutions that Washington and Robespierre led both had goals centered around equality and overthrowing antiquated forms of government. For example in France, the Declaration of the Rights of man was created as a product of the revolution. This document “brought together two streams of thought: one springing from the Anglo-American tradition of legal and constitutional guarantees of individual liberties, the other from the Enlightenment's belief that reason should guide all human affairs.” (The Enlightenment and Human Rights). Meanwhile in the United States, the Bill of Rights, an influential document in securing the rights of the citizens states “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.” (Madison). As one can see, both documents work to secure the rights that had previously not been put in place. To this day, the rights outlined in the Bill of Rights are crucial to securing freedoms for American citizens, and the Declaration of Rights of Man is still used and has provided a basis for the United Nations’s …show more content…
For example, after Washington left office, “he received a copy of a book by James Monroe mounting a bitter attack on the foreign policy of the Washington administration” (Abbott). Angry and emotional annotated notes from Washington certainly give the impression that he felt that the nation’s policies were a direct extension of Washington’s character (Abbott). Additionally, when Washington was in retirement, he was asked to return as general in the event that France would invade America. However, during the process of giving commissions, he believed that “Americans sympathetic to France” “would endeavour to divide, & contaminate the Army, by artful & Seditious discourses; and perhaps at a critical moment, bring on confusion,”(Abbott). This is important because generally anti-Federalists were sympathetic to France, and Washington, while technically not abiding by political parties, had clear Federalist leanings, and is trying to keep this opposition from gaining power something he clearly seemed as a threat as he expressed that anti-Federalists “will leave nothing unattempted to overturn the Government of this Country.” Meanwhile the violent Reign of Terror demonstrates Robespierre’s belief that those against him are dangerous to the nation. Robespierre was a part of a radically left political party called the Jacobians. During the Reign of Terror, “aristocrats, uncooperative priests, monarchist
Robespierre led the French Revolution known as “The Reign of Terror”. The new government would execute large numbers of individuals whom they believed to be enemies of the revolution. So, the Reign of Terror was unjustified, for it not only violated the Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen in multiple cases, specifically articles two and ten, but also caused the death of thousands. Although the Committee of Public Safety had good intentions, it ended up doing more harm than good as they invaded people’s lives and disregarded their rights as human beings.
The French Revolution had many different people leading it, but the main person that was in charge was Renespierre. Robespierre was on the Committee of Public Safety leader. The Committee of Public Safety was in charge of the French Revolution. They were also the group that was in charge of the people of France too. The Committee of Public Safety did not protect the revolution from its enemies because they were putting innocent people in custody, and they would justify the use of terror to make the people of France listen to them.
The American and French Revolutions were two momentous events that occurred in the 18th century and had a profound impact on modern thought and politics. By comparing these two revolutions, we can gain a better understanding of how they affected social structures and democratic institutions, and provide a more comprehensive assessment of their success. Both revolutions aimed to challenge the existing order and establish a new system, but the American Revolution focused on achieving independence from British rule and promoting economic growth, while the French Revolution sought to overthrow the absolute monarchy and promote social equality. Examining their similarities and differences can provide valuable insights into the broader implications
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen and the U.S. The Constitution are two important documents that outline the rights and freedoms of individuals. While both documents share some similarities, they also have some significant differences. One of the main similarities between the two documents is that they both emphasize the importance of individual rights and freedoms. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, written during the French Revolution, asserted that all men are born free and equal and that they have the right to liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression.
One day, the National Convention was meeting to talk about foreign policies. Groups that had initially aligned with France wanted to invade France to bring Europe back to the Old Regime. The Convention decided to put power in the hands of the Committee of Public Safety, led by Maximilien Robespierre. These leaders organized a “Reign of Terror”. The goal of this was to remove the corruption.
The American Declaration of Independence and the French Declaration of Rights of Man and citizen were ideas for democracy, freedoms, and liberty for its citizens. although each declaration was created for different goals and measures, each has similarities and differences affecting political structure and the freedoms of the people of which each document represented. These declarations were both influenced by Enlightenment thinkers and philosophers, where they acknowledge the Laws of Nature and in the Declaration of Independence also specifies Nature’ of God’s entitlements. Both declarations stress that all men are equal, however worded differently and viewed differently from each countries beliefs and evaluation of the documents. These declarations
Two revolutions, both taking place in the 18th Century, both world-changing. People heavily associate the French Revolution with the American Revolution, due to the many general similarities. However, there are crucial differences that led to their respective results and their long-term impact. How did these events begin? America's reasons began as grievances lodged against taxation.
Since most of the Third Estate was starving while only three percent of the upper class enjoyed an overabundance of food, the French civilians decided to revolt against the monarchy. However, instead of using their act of disobedience to promote positive change, the leaders of the revolution instead invoked fear in the hearts of everyone in France to increase their own power. For example, Maximilien Robespierre was one of the great leaders of the revolution until he decided to abolish Catholicism and crown himself the leader of his own new religion. This period of time was known as the Reign of Terror because Robespierre sent 600,000 civilians to the guillotine and civilians forgot what they were fighting for out of fear for their lives. Because the French were done with all the death and greed that surrounded them, the French Revolution was widely unsuccessful and France regressed back to a monarchy.
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen in the U.S Constitution are two important documents that have played a significant role in shaping the modern world. Both documents share many similarities, such as their emphasis on individual rights and the rule of law. However, there are also some key differences between the two documents. One of the main differences between the Declaration and the Constitution is their historical context. The Declaration was written during the French Revolution, a time of great political upheaval and social change.
The enlightenment improved by human action in the Atlantic Region through political arrangements that were engineered. Liberty, free trade, equality, rationality, sovereignty through popularity, natural rights, and others provided the underpinnings for the following revolutions in world history. The American revolution was so revolutionary compared to the Other Revolutions because the American revolution was Marked as a Political Change, meaning policies and other aspects of politics were changes instead of the other way to do it, as well as it worked to preserve the freedoms of the already existing colonies to better everyone's lives Unlike the American Revolution, the French one had a driving force of conflict throughout the french society. The french Revolution had a significant amount
The years 1750-1900 are better known as the Revolution Era. During this time period, there were several revolutions that occurred throughout the developing world. Two of the main revolutions were the French Revolution and the Latin American Revolution. Both revolutions followed the anatomy of a revolution and had comparable causes, however the French Revolution politically better outcomes, whereas the Latin American Revolution resulted in poverty and lost territory.
The French revolution is considered to be the most significant and effective event in the history. It changed the lives of many peoples and changed the future. Since people of France were under the control of the King they wanted to get rid of French government to eliminate power of the king. There were numerous other factors that also lead the French to the revolution. There were also many social unfairness among the taxes between the estates.
During the American and French Revolution, in both revolutions, the people pushed for a new government that represented all of the people and enforced equality. Even though these revolutions were set in different countries, these battles were similar. The battles in America started with the American colonies. America was ruled by the British people, these people from England arrived with ideas of the Enlightenment from Europe.
The American and French revolutions were two major events of Western civilization. While the timing and end results of the French and American Revolutions were different, the two were much more similar in many ways. They both broke free from oppressive government systems. Both were influenced by Enlightenment ideals when recreating their governments. They both inspired other countries to start their own revolutions to rid of monarchy and to create a republic government.
The French Revolution was undoubtedly influenced by the political theorists of the Enlightenment. The ideas of two French political theorists in particular are easily seen throughout the French Revolution, Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Baron Montesquieu. Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s thoughts and texts, such as the Social Contract, instilled the entitlement of basic human rights to all men. Rousseau’s concepts on rights combined with Baron Montesquieu’s ideas on government provided the backbone of a radical movement in the French Revolution known as the Terror. When one delves into the beginnings of the French Revolution, the motives and actions of the National Assembly, and the Terror of the French Revolution, one can obviously see the influence of two Enlightenment political theorists, Rousseau and Montesquieu.