The American and French Revolution both had numerous incidents that warranted revolutions against oppressive monarchs. In 1776, 13 years after the American colonists and British won the French and Indian war, American colonists were footed the debt from Britain in the form of heavy taxation (Our Human History, pg.516). With the weight of heavy taxation, like the stamp act and the tea tax, pared with Britain’s decision to tax the colonists without an elected representative in parliament, American had set its sights on a democratic representative type of governing (Our Human History, pg. 516-517). In 1789, 5 years after helping the Americans fight their revolution, the French were in the midst of an economic collapse that was worsened by Louis …show more content…
528-529). Different from their American counter parts, the French yearned to abolish the privileges geared towards the middle and upper classes. Similar to the Americans, the French wanted to create a “constitutional monarchy” that represented their desires of a democratic government which protected the rights of all its people and limited the power of the government (Our Human History, pg. 530). In comparison the American and French Revolutions had different reasons for resisting monarchies, however they had similar economic and oppressive factors that created goals and outcomes that mirrored each …show more content…
The American colonists and British fought against each other in militant fashion with skirmishes, like 1777 Battle of Saratoga that the American colonists won, allied with aide from the French, and the 1781 surrender of Yorktown after the French navy surrounded British Commander Lord Cornwallis outside his quarters, before he fled back to Britain (Our Human History, pg. 520-521). The French in contrast held less poised revolution, examples of the revolutionary events include: 1787 in which the French attack the symbol of the crown, Bastille, and the vengeful French people behead the governor of Bastille (Our Human History, pg. 530). The French also executed their king Louis XVI by guillotine which then introduced an era called “The Reign of Terror” lead by Maximillian Robespierre where “tens of thousands of people” were executed for speaking against the “Terror” (Our Human History, pg. 534-535). As presented the American and French revolutionaries faced different circumstances and dealt responses as they saw fit, the two revolutions had similar political order outcomes. The Americans added the “Bill of Rights” to the Constitution in 1791, while the Constitution was ratified in 1788, all while also building a strong central government with “checks and balances” (Our Human History, pg. 522-523). The French saw what the Americans had created, whom took inspiration from enlightenment writers
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Americans had been notified of the French’s revolt in 1789 and many supported it, including Thomas Jefferson and other Democratic-Republicans. They felt that the Revolution was a positive event because it supported their strong views on liberty. In fact, Jefferson stated that he would rather see “half the world desolated” than see the French Revolution fail. However, Hamilton and other Federalists believed that the Revolution was getting out of hand (AY). All in all, these different opinions on the French Revolution
The American Revolution occurred to to one side of a country overthrowing their mother country for independence. The French Revolution occurred due to some of the nation wanting to change the way the monarchy functioned, not gain independence. Overall, these two revolutions can be seen as comparing closely. Youngs article articulates the transition one citizen could make from ordinary to
During the 18th and 19th century, revolutions were happening on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean, facilitated by the ease with which ideas and information could travel by sea. These revolutions aimed to produce liberty and equality for all, a radical new idea that came about in the Enlightenment Era. The French Revolution began in 1789, when the French National Assembly wrote the Declaration of the Rights of Man. It continued in 1792 and 1793, when the constitution was written, and culminated in 1818, when France finally abolished slave trade. The French Revolution best lived up to the Enlightenment ideals of liberty and equality because of the rights and freedoms that were guaranteed to every citizen without discrimination through two important documents: the Constitution and the Rights of Man.
Whereas the American Revolution was fairly organized and sympathetic to the upper classes in that the Revolution greatly benefited those in the trading business as they were then allowed to do business with other countries which originally had been forbidden. A final major difference between the French and American Revolution is the distance between the ruling government and its citizens. Simply put, the French Revolution was a domestic revolt against a usurper, while the American Revolution was a foreign rebellion against a king whose seat of power was separated from them by an entire ocean. In the American colonies, the king’s power was mostly superficial and not viewed as absolute. This is in comparison to the French monarchy in which the king was believed to have been granted the right to absolute rule by
They were also in need of social, economic, and political reforms. To conclude, even though the French, Haitian, and American Revolutions obtained different social outcomes, they did have alike social causes and goals that came from Enlightenment ideals. Each revolution lasted around ten years (1700’s), and were overall very similar to each other. Through their social causes, goals, and outcomes, it is understandable to state that the citizens and slaves revolted for their liberty, equality, and fraternity. These colonizations fought for their rights in order to achieve freedom from abusive and unfair
The French Revolution was one of the most significant wars that changed France’s history. The Revolution started in 1789 and ended in 1799 and was mainly initiated by the conditions affecting the Third Estate. Louis XVI was predominately the king during this time period but little did he know that an uprising among the peasants was happening. The French Revolution was caused by the Enlightenment ideas because of the American Revolution, the knowledge of rights, and the questioning of France’s government. The American Revolution was basically the “fire” that ignited the change the Third Estate wanted to see in their country.
Perhaps two of the most pivotal rebellions in western history are the ones fought in France and the The United States. At their cores the revolutions involved the fundaments of Enlightenment culture, equality, natural rights, and Montesquieu’s concept of checks and balances between the government and the governed. There are, however, key differences in the handling and outcomes of the revolutions. Both regimes were oppressive, both populaces were repressed and felt the time for a noble struggle was impending. In short both nations sought to be free from the near, or perceived, absolute rule of an unelected leader.
The American and French revolutions were two major events of Western civilization. While the timing and end results of the French and American Revolutions were different, the two were much more similar in many ways. They both broke free from oppressive government systems. Both were influenced by Enlightenment ideals when recreating their governments. They both inspired other countries to start their own revolutions to rid of monarchy and to create a republic government.
The French Revolution was a drastic time for the people of France. In 1789, the majority of people were living in poverty and dealing with terrible conditions. People were split into three estates: the first, second, and third, the first being the wealthiest. Political, economic, and social situations were what contributed to people’s desire for change. The three main, or biggest causes of the French Revolution, were taxes, inequality, and lack of reform.
In your unit study, you explored the causes and effects, characteristics, as well as the consequences, of each of these revolutions. What did they have in common? How did they differ? For this portfolio, you will complete this document as you explore the similarities and differences between the French and American Revolutions.
The French Revolution and the American Revolution were both very significant parts of past history as they have had major effects on the future since. However, even though these revolutions took place around the same time frame there were many significant differences made evident through the wars. These two Revolutions were very different but there were also some significant similarities in them. These two revolutions were built on two major words freedom and equality and sure one can say that only applies to the American Revolution as the colonies were fighting for their freedom compared to France who was already a developed country. However, in the French Revolution they were fighting freedom from total monarchy control.
The French Revolution and Latin American Revolution both followed the pattern of: citizens became dissatisfied with government, moderates gaining more power, radicals taking over, and then entering a period of acceptance. France was divided into three estates. The third estate
Revolutions were a common occurrence in many parts of the world. The 17th century was miserable. Between 1790 and 1848 many different people in Europe, Central America, the Caribbean, and other areas of the world struggled to gain freedom and independence from oppressive and dictatorial regimes. While the the French and Haitian Revolutions, inspired by the American Revolution, were alike in many areas such as social class struggles, economic inequities, and personal freedoms. In spite of their similarities the revolutions in France and Haiti were more different than similar because pitted While France struggled with it’s
Both the American and French Revolution had similar political purposes of wanting a democracy. However, the French were more violent about the situation. Conquests led to the French’s success while America was influenced through revolution