Hammurabi transformed the small city state of Babylonia into a large territorial state by the end of his reign, leaving a lasting impact of Mesopotamia. He expanded the empire, conquered key areas of Mesopotamia and strengthened the military ("Hammurabi."). Hammurabi is also well known for his code of laws even though he was not the first king to establish a set of rules for citizens under his realm to obey, he was the first to ever write them down which makes him a very notable king in history ("Hammurabi."). Whether it is because of his unification of Mesopotamia or his written code of laws, Hammurabi is well known figure throughout history and will forever remain a reputable figure in
Kadesh is a Hittite territory known for influential trade centers and beautiful cities. The Hittite empire takes pride in each of their provinces; therefore the Hittite warriors have a natural instinct to widen their vast territory and increase connections across the ancient world. A battle held in a Hittite territory would signify greater advantages for them; however, King Ramses displayed exceptional courage and confidence, which led him towards the battle of Kadesh, even with the risk of terrible loss. Egypt functioned according to the law of Ma'at. Ma’at held Egyptian matters superior to anything; it required the king to execute laws for the prosperity Egypt.Therefore, King Ramses would not surrender even if Egypt dangled at the brink of defeat; he would fight till death and save the reputation to honor the proud gods and ancestors of Egypt.On the other hand, the Hittite empire was well known for their merciless military tactics and incessant ambition to conquer Egypt.Egypt would become an incredible addition to their array of vast
These new ideas emphasized the spiritual concerns of people instead of focusing on the concerns that were going on in the towns and cities. Another way that Hellenism spread after the conquests of Alexander was because the people of power in some of the states that Alexander conquered believed that they could gain even more power if they adopted Hellenistic culture. This was true for leaders in Egypt, Syria, Judea, Rome, Carthage, and Africa. The spreading of Hellenism during and after Alexander 's conquest greatly changed the Mediterranean, and brought a very different culture to a different part of the world, which helped bring about new ideas and inventions.Judea, Rome, and Carthage all had very different reactions as Hellenistic culture spread; some embraced it with open arms and for others wanted no part of it at all. To start, Judea had very mixed views on Hellenistic culture.
He united his friends, kinsmen, and local tribes to invade the Median Empire. King Cyrus finally gained full control of the Median Empire. II. The Persian Empire became one of the largest superpowers because of its leader 's influence. A. Cyrus II became a great military leader.
Under Khatre they established Sphinx, which protected his burial pyramid. Religion briefly changed to the monotheism worship of Aten under the ruling of Akhenaten and soon it faded after his death until his son, King Tut, took over as the image of the Aten. Even though the cyclical empires did not always last long, they still managed to leave an impact on Western Civilization. No matter the size of the empire they were, they contributed to make the society better and continue to grow. Mesopotamia established things such as writing, military, and trade.
The new cosmopolitan world created by Alexander’s conquests threw away the power of competing Greek city-states. This allowed an adaption of a mentality more concerned with the individual rather than identification with the city-state, which was at first a huge part of Greek society. The osmosis of the Hellenistic culture was not the only thing taking place because of alexander conquest, Alexander’s empire created a stable habitat for trade in cities to expand without fear of attack. Governments under his rule now provided protection and promoted trade which allowed the emergence of primary routes like the Silk Road. Chinese silk was a commodity of great importance and was in great demand in the Mediterranean.
Amazing Ancient Civilizations Whenever one considers amazing ancient civilizations, Egypt and Mesopotamia may come to mind. Egypt is known for their architecture, hieroglyphics, gods, and Pharaohs. Mesopotamia was one of the early civilizations that constructed cities, advanced farming, and created and enforced the first law code. Both blossomed into successful realms that exchanged revolutionary ideas. These cultures were important because of the power and influence they had on western advancements and the world today.
Hailey Cassidy History Period F 3/30/16 Athens vs. Sparta Ancient Greece, located on the Mediterranean Sea was home to the two most powerful city-states of its time, Athens and Sparta. Athens was situated on the Attic Peninsula along the Mediterranean Sea and was most known for its cultural perspective such as drama, architecture, literature, and music. One of Athens’ most enduring achievements was the creation of democracy which allowed all male citizens to have a say in government. Not only was this a great achievement, but Athens was also educated their citizens and thrived during the Golden Age. Sparta, located on the Peloponnesian peninsula had a main focus on military power and success and there was little room for culture.
Ancient Greece is renowned for its development in architecture and government, and for its surviving advancements in literature. For example, the Iliad and the Odyssey are considered staples in modern literary education. In comparison, the art and architecture, also, revive the understanding of Greek’s achievements, as well as, recount the styles and techniques of the time period. The documents and arts left behind a detailed account of Greek culture, such as the religion and myths. Ancient Greece was a prosperous time, filled with accounts of philosophers and their stories, of god’s and their affairs, and of art and its legacy.
Era 1: 8000 BCE – 600 BCE Sargon of Akkad: Sargon of Akkad was the creator of the empire in Mesopotamia. He was a brilliant warrior and talented administrator who conquered each of the Sumerian city states. They could not withstand his powerful forces. Sargon was very popular and powerful and he seized control of trade routes which transformed the capital of Akkad into a very wealthy and powerful city. He was the one who started the theme of conquering and ruling.