Maya prepared for battle but the Spanish beat them. The Spanish massacred the Mayan but the Mayan launched a coordinated attack in response but, the rebels retreated after a savage counter attack. When the Spaniards enslaved the Mayans, if a Mayan revolted they were burnt alive and hung because the Spanish believed that if they did not keep the Mayan at a constant state of fear the Mayan would rise up against them. The Spanish would hurl native Americans into pits with sharpened stakes if the dared to resist them. The
Cortez left, Captain Pedro Alvarado in charge, along with 200 of his men and left Tenochtitlan with the rest to battle Narvaez, although Cortez’s army smaller, he was able to overthrow Narvaez and convince him to ally with them too instead of fighting against him. However whilst he had been away Alvarado had become subject to a revolt due to a massacre during one of the religious ceremonies/festivals for the Aztecs. Alvarado had begun killing prominent members of the upper classes of the Aztecs in turn setting off a local rebellion. Cortez insisted that Moctezuma speak and reason with his people but this only resulted in the crowd throwing stones etc. at him and resulting in his death.
Th the saga of Spanish conquest not only reveals a story of defeat, exploitation and control it also tells a story of the “negotiation of culture,” between the Spanish and the indigenous people of Spanish America. It is a saga where the fusion of the old was brought together with the new. The friction experienced by many indigenous people, as well as Africans, refused at times to accept the ideas that the Spanish were imposing. In the end the end the strong hand of Europe was able to conquer these people, but not entirely. In on in which there remained after conquest resistance, accommodation and negotiation of cultures.
However, the positive contributions of colonialism, the introduction of modern technology, democracy, and Christianity, greatly outweigh its cons. Before the arrival of Spanish and Portuguese explores in Latin America in the late 1400’s, the New World was already a dangerous place. In Mexico, the Aztecs practiced human sacrifices. Amazonian tribes bitterly battled for land and resources. People died from easily curable diseases.
All empires ended in the 1500s Actually all the Inca, Aztec and Mayan empires ended in the 1500s once the spanish took over and kill them with diseases but the mayan did slowly disappear. All of some of the major dates that happened in an empire happened in 1400 ad As in the Inca empire The Inca, led by Manco Capac, migrate to the Cuzco Valley and establish their capital at Cuzco. The Aztec The Aztecs arrive in the Basin of Mexico.
It was 1532 when Pizzaro set foot on Incan territory. The Incas declared war upon the Spanish and a battle soon commenced. But the battle was one sided, the majority of the blood shed was from the Incas and not the Conquistadors but was instead from the Incas. The battle was in no way fair as the Spanish had horses, steel, guns, books and germs on their side. Understanding why the explorers had an advantage over the explored is crucial to understanding why todays developed countries are the way they are and have an economical advantage over some countries.
The Spanish’s’ main goal was trying to get the Aztec people to subdue to their demands, both in a spiritual and physical conquest. During the colonizing of the Aztecs, the Spanish were trying to impose the religion that they had brought over which was Christianity and tried to get the Aztecs to stop worshipping to their Goddess. One particular scene that shows Spanish colonialism is when the Aztecs are sacrificing a young woman to the Goddess by taking out her heart, then they were caught in the act by the Spanish and Father Friar Diego. Following that scene, Topiltzin is laying in front of the Goddess statue, when it is thrown over and is destroyed and then replaced with the statue of the Virgin Mary. This specific scene displays the Spanish superiority over the Aztecs, both in the physical world and as well in the spiritual world.
In the years 1519-1521 Hernando Cortes, a Spanish conquistador that had conquered and defeated the Aztec empire (Nelson, Aztec Empire for Kids: Spanish Conquest). He wanted to find new land for Spain, covert inhabitants to Catholicism, and raid the lands for gold and other treasures. The Aztecs were wiped out and resulted in Hernan Cortez taking power of the new land
If you sent 70 soldiers in territory that you believed to be yours and had gotten a report that some were killed and the rest were captured, would you believe that to be an act of war. The United States War with Mexico began when Mexico invited settlers (That they couldn’t take care of), and became tyrannical. So like the American Revolution they revolted and gained their independence, when we annexed them and moved our soldiers into our own territory. The soldiers were attacked and we declared war against Mexico. Although people may view the war as unjust, it is just do to the Americans having a perfectly reasonable reason to declare a war against Mexico.
Portilla points out how wary this made the Mexicas about their new “guests” and how they immediately reported what they saw to their king. By the time the Spaniards marched all the way to the Aztec metropolis, Tenochtitlan, they had created several allies. Portilla explains that the people that sided with the Spaniards were enemies that had been conquered by the Aztec. The Mexica’s began to resent their “gods” and mistrust King Motcuhzoma for letting the Spanish conquistadors wreak havoc among the natives and their customs. Before long the author begins to describe the many battles fought between the Aztec warriors and the strangers.
During the exploration of the new world, Europe killed lots of people in the name of finding gold and/or land. They built cities in the name of their country. In the article in states that Cortes conquered the Aztecs killing thousands of people. Then Pizzaro did the same thing, but instead with the Incas when he conquered that people. Both of these people committed these atrocities in the name of Spain and their country.
Religion also played a critical part in the defeat of the Incas. The Spaniards’ thought of themselves as superior and when Atahualpa threw their “Book” on the ground, the religious Spaniards were deeply offended. They immediately started fighting and quickly overpowered the surprised Indians. 22. Diseases probably played the biggest role in the collapse of the Incan empire.
Las Casas was finally convinced that all the actions of the Spanish in the New World had been illegal and that they constituted a great injustice. He made up his mind to give up his slaves and encomienda, and started to preach that other colonists should do the same. When his preaching met with resistance, he realized that he would have to go to Spain to fight there against the enslavement and abuse of the native people. Aided by Pedro de Córdoba and accompanied by Antonio de Montesinos, he left for Spain in September 1515, arriving in Seville in November same year. Las Casas`s work provoked heated debate in Spain and initiated reforms designed to bring greater “love and moderation” to Spanish-Indians relationships.
With the first wave of Spanish colonization of the New World, many indigenous peoples were killed and their lands were seized and their way of life was destroyed (Tindall 26-27). When the Spanish showed up, they greatly overpowered indigenous peoples. They had iron, seafaring vessels, firearms, explosives, and swords, with indigenous peoples had copper, dugout canoes, arrows, and tomahawks (Tindall 27). This is immoral because the indigenous peoples would have no chance against the Spanish, and killing the indigenous people was senseless since they couldn’t fight back well anyway. When indigenous people were threatened by people in a village Columbus left behind, they attacked, killing ten people, only to lead to a retaliation that decimated their numbers (Tindall 21).