The main aim of this assignment is to find out the strength and weakness, similarities and differences between the different approaches of psychology such as biological approach, behavioural approach and psychodynamic approach. I have chosen mental illness to evaluate these approach.
There is only one approach in psychology that studies thoughts, feelings and behaviour. The biological approach believes that the way we are is due to our genetics and physiology. They believe that the activity going on our nervous system’s is what affects the way we think, feel and behave (Sammons, 2009). The physiology in the biological approach looks into how the brain functions. The brain is a very complicated machine as such, the brain is what controls our every move, every feeling and every action. There are 3 different methods used to study the brain; neuro surgery, electroencephalograms and brains scans. Neuro surgery is used as a last resort as brain surgery is so dangerous, the nervous system can also be studied by surgery on the brain. Electroencephalograms is where electrodes are attached to the scalp and the brain waves are monitored. Brain scans can involve the CAT scan, PET scan. Both scans enable constant pictures to be provided during mental activity (McLeod,
To understand a behavior is hard .. because of the complexity and the richness that has any behavior apart ...but and because every human has live different experiences that make him unique .That's the main reason that we have different approaches on Psychology. One perspective is the biological that is based in materialism ,that means material possessions make us happy and an indicator of personal success. There two primary concerns of the biological approach,the one is about the nervous system and the working on this because there is complex of neurons that enables the senses, controls the body function, and is associated with mental events. The second is the role the heredity takes place in behavior .. The transmission of characteristics
Yet the experiments conducted have been predominantly on animals, assuming continuity between species, the data has been generalized to humans. Whereas from the perspective of the psychodynamic model, this is limiting for an individual because without room for speculation, inner conflicts cannot be explored. The components that make up the mind have been assumed through gathering qualitative data. In conclusion, both theories are not without limitations, however, the psychodynamic model offers insight into the unobservable psyche.
In contemporary mainstream Western psychiatry, one of the most widely accepted theories for the etiology of mental illness is the biopsychosocial model. Proposed by George Engel in 1977, it involves the interaction between biological, psychological and social factors, combining to cause patterns of distress or dysfunction or, more severely, trigger
Biological psychologists believe that behavior, personality, and abilities are caused by our biological make-up. These psychologists look at how genetics can effect behavior. There are two variations of this perspective, neuroscience and evolutionary psychology. Neuroscience tries to understand how the brain creates thoughts, feelings, motives, consciousness, memories, and other
This mindset reduced the amount of blame that the public placed on the diagnosed for their condition; however, at the same it increased their fear of them. By combining the genetic model with the biological, this problem was hopefully thought to slowly dwindle down. This is so because the biological model places emphasis on what is occurring in the brain of someone who is diagnosed (Rusch pg 331). This reduced the fearfulness of the condition as the public was able to understand what was happening and why. The combination of these two models created an effective holistic model that did help reduce the stigma.
(Video: Sydney banks talks about the Three Principle 2010). Studies have shown results of CBT last long after the treatment itself and are further strengthened by the use of medications with the partnership of psychologists and psychiatrists during and after
Medication ultimately has more disadvantages than advantages including the fact that medication may become addictive and a patient may become completely dependent on it. While psychotherapy on the other hand, definitely has more pros than cons, including the certainty that therapy is safer, could help improve the illness and has long lasting effects. Whether a person is suffering with social anxiety, depression or phobias, therapy would definitely be their best bet. Psychotherapy works with the patient in hope to slowly but surely improve their illnesses and allows a patient to be in control of their own life without needing to be permanently treated. Therefore psychotherapy is a more profound way to treat mental
What is different between "normal" and "abnormal”? as those words apply to the physically and emotional states and behaviors of human beings. Some people might do some terrible thing, such as murdering, sleeping next to the corpse, and other action that normal people are not generally doing in society. These people seem to like to be abnormal, this is due to the ability that most humans have distinguished right from wrong. many times, these “abnormal" people repeat their actions, not only because they might enjoy their actions, but also mental problem block them understanding how horrible and extreme their actions really are.
Psychology is the scientific study of how human think, how they feel about issues and their behaviour in this research we will learn the meaning of perspectives in Psychology, dwelling on the biological and behavioural approach, I will discuss the difference and commonalities between the two perspectives. WHAT’S PERSEPCTIVE IN PSYCHOLOGY In contemporary psychology perspective simply implies an approach that involves some assumptions about how people behave, how they function and the best way to define this seeming behaviours. There is no one way to approach this perspectives, one is not above the other, though for a long while the behavioural approach was holding the ace being assumed to be the only scientific one.
Given the broad areas of interest falling under the purview of biological psychology, it will probably come as no surprise that individuals from all sorts of backgrounds are involved in this research, including biologists, medical professionals, physiologists, and chemists. Indeed, Tolman stated, “I believe that everything important in psychology can be investigated in essence through the continued experimental and theoretical analysis of the determiners of rat behavior at a choice-point in a maze.” Behaviorism dominated experimental psychology for several decades, and its influence can still be felt today. Given that any behavior is, at its roots, biological, some areas of psychology take on aspects of a natural science like biology. Reflecting the diversity of the field of psychology itself, members, affiliate members, and associate members span the spectrum from students to doctoral-level psychologists, and come from a variety of places including educational settings, criminal justice, hospitals, the armed forces, and industry.
The human mind is one of the most intricate structures that God has ever created. Understanding that each and every individual holds their own thought pattern with varying degrees of complexity is difficult. Nothing has more influence over a person greater than the influences of the mind. It is responsible for behavior, which then turns into characteristic habits. Psychology as we know it today has only been in practice since the early 1900’s.
Over the years, many theories have been developed to study the human personality. Some of the notable theories are psychoanalytic theory, trait theory, humanistic theory and behavioural theory. In this assignment, we have chosen to compare and contrast the psychoanalytic and humanistic theories. Psychoanalytic Theory