The Biomedical Model, the Biopsychosocial Model, using evidence from the lectures, seminars and additional reading, which is the better model of health and why” For this you will need to write about the two different models of health then choose a topic, condition or illness to demonstrate which model would be better Introduction This essay will first look at two models of health, the biomedical model and the biopsychological model. Both models will then be applied in relation substance misuse more specifically, heroin addiction and how both models contribute to effectively treating a service user. This should then demonstrate which model of health would be more beneficial to apply when supporting a person with a substance misuse issue.
Introduction People hope and seeks long and healthier lives. Thus, health care is the act of taking preventative or necessary medical procedures to improve people well-being. Improvement or preventative may be done with surgery, the administering of medicine, or other alterations in a person 's lifestyle. These services are usually offered through a health care system made up of hospitals and physicians. Although, the health care system is set up to reduce or to prevent disease etc., there is a gap or disparity in the US health care system.
The Biopsychosocial Model The biopsychosocial model of health care allows medical practice to be understood completely in terms of biological, psychological and social factors. The model suggests that every illness can be explained and treated by an interaction between these three factors. The model was proposed by George L. Engel, the Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Rochester, where he challenged the previously prevailing medical model, called the biomedical model, and argued for the introduction of a biopsychosocial model. The biomedical model had viewed illness purely from a pathophysiological perspective, suggesting that every disease could be explained from a biological standpoint. It ignored a ‘mind-body connection’.
Clinical decision support system (CDSS)is a system that assist in compiling patient -specific information with a list of possible prognosis, treatments, drug interactions , as well as reminders for the patient’s care all while giving the clinicians a database to input new information in knowledge-base for the specific patient. CDS has a number of important benefits such as Increased quality of care and enhanced health outcomes, Avoidance of errors and adverse events, Improved efficiency, cost-benefit, and provider and patient satisfaction. The summary for first study antibiotic resistance is now a major issue confronting healthcare providers and their patients because if we do not use antibiotics carefully, they will lose their efficacy.
Quantitative research has improved the overall delivery of health services, helped healthcare managers improve their facilities, and helped healthcare professionals learned more about diseases and other health-related issues. For example, quantitative research studies are needed in epidemiological investigations, in which Nursing participates, but can still explore much more, both in the diversity of epidemiology projects, allowing the identification of the most vulnerable groups of the population, risk factors (Nery, 2017). In this case, Quantitative research is used to collect different data to get the results of the epidemiological investigations
Health, according to sociologist Talcott Parson, is “of the roles and tasks for which he (sic) has been socialized” (Parsons, 1972: 117). This is a profoundly sociological view and definition of health. It does not contain any biological or physical health aspects, except referring to the capacity to fulfil one’s socially ascribed roles in society (Conrad, 1992). In heath, sociologists are interested in the institution of medicine, in particular, the process of medicalisation (Dew & Kirkman 2002). In Western cultures, the biomedical model is the medical paradigm used to diagnose and explain a person’s illness, corresponding to a malfunction of biological processes (McLennan, Manus & Spoonley, 2010).
A medical scientist is someone who studies diseases, viruses, bacteria, and find cures for illnesses. They also conduct experiments and create vaccines and medications. I chose to research this career because the description intrigued me and I like that it involves science. One of my strengths that I believe would be good for this career is teamwork. Obviously, during experiments or working on medications I’ll need to be able to communicate well with the other medical scientist working on the projects with me.
However, more research will have to be done to conclude in a definite final answer. This article concluded that the patient’s risk profile was a determining factor for a patients’ treatment options. However, a positive outcome of radical prostatectomy and ensuing patient care relied on the quality of surgical and pathological management along with the successful communication with the collaborating health professionals involved. Furthermore, operative communication between the surgeons and pathologists is imperative for ideal patient results. The procedure of a radical prostatectomy objectives are to eliminate the organ harboring the cancer, keeping the surgical margins negative, preserving urinary and erectile function (Bora,
The Biomedical model of health has influenced the provision and delivery of healthcare for over a century (Wade, 2004). This conceptual model was founded on the belief that the mind and body are separate and that all diseases and disorders can be explained (Sarafino, 2008). Ergo, this approach concentrates predominately on the physical processes and looks at biochemistry, pathology and physiology to explain illness or disease (Placeholder3). As a consequence, medical intervention is the primary method used to diagnose, treat and return the health of an individual to a pre-illness state (Wade, 2004).
Humanistic medicine is medical treatment where doctors interact with patients. For example, doctors listen to patients, communicate with them openly, show them empathy and bedside manner. There are three important points about humanistic medicine. First, practicing humanistic medicine will improve effect of the treatment. Because by practicing humanistic medicine, the doctors can earn the patients’ trust.