Usually, rights for people were written by the government, such as the rights of Englishmen, but the idea of the government protecting rights that were already endowed to humans was supported by American colonists who were against the idea of the numerous violations of the Rights of Englishmen, which included taxation without consent. These taxes later popularized the famous slogan, “no taxation without representation,” first said by James Otis; most colonists believed that
Both Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau discuss the role of the individual in great lengths. In Emerson’s Self Reliance he expresses his frustration with the general population’s unwillingness to fulfill the duties of the individual. Emerson believes that everyone has innovative thoughts and ideas, but only true revolutionaries have the courage to share them with the world. In Thoreau’s Resistance to Civil Government he focuses on the rights of the individual as part of the State, or government. He believes that it is the people’s duty to disobey the laws if they are unjust.
Some topics that he included in the Declaration were how Thomas Jefferson was tired of how the king treated the American citizens, Equality, The Right to Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness, Consent of the Governed, and Alter or abolish the government. The Declaration Of Independence was the first step of the creation of a new nation.
“If there must be trouble, let it be in my day, that my child may have peace.” Thomas Paine had a desire for freedom. During the revolutionary war in 1776, Thomas Paine wrote The Crisis, to show an argument about the American Independence. Paine also believed that people of that society were great and constructive. The basis of his claim was that people would join together in order to achieve a state of freedom. Thomas Paine was persuasive to the colonists using pathos by saying he believed that they were by no means ready to be prepared towards the revolt.
Thomas Paine’s writings, Samuel Adams’ leadership, and boycotting British goods greatly altered Americans’ perception of Britain and brought about the Revolutionary War. Samuel Adams’ interpersonal skills of leadership, organization, and coordination boosted him to the forefront of the revolution. As people grew more and more tired of the laws England had placed upon them, Samuel Adams rose up voicing his opinions of the independence they desired. The principle that it was “lawful to resist the Supreme Magistrate, if the Commonwealth cannot be otherwise preserved,” (Samuel Adams, 1740) which was his Harvard college thesis, followed him throughout his entire career. He publicly defended these rights, organized the Sons of Liberty, and staged many protests.
Because the Magna Carta is a precursor to the Declaration of Independence and is backed up by irrefutable evidence, the conclusion can be drawn that the Declaration of Independence was influenced by the Magna Carta. The Magna Carta, in many ways, facilitated and shaped of the Declaration of Independence as well as being very similar. The Magna Carta and the Declaration of Independence were both the result of wars; in America the colonists rebelled against the British, and King John’s nobles rebelled against him in England. Both of these documents exercised the idea that there should be limitations on the power of the government and the people should dissolve an insufficient government if it oversteps those limitations. Both documents also explicitly state “all men are created equal” and should be treated equally for that reason.
While the government is more of a major ruler like earth. ‘’But they put themselves in a level with wood and earth and stones [...] than men of straw or a lump of dirt’’. Henry’s ethos shows the audience of his strategy of going against the government corruption. Henry’s speech was well-planned out to shows his audience of his experience when rebelling the government; in addition, receiving forced punishment for not paying his poll-tax. He thought out things that made himself to commit this disobedience against the government and wanted to express his experience of his ideas and strategy to disobey the government.
According to John Locke, an effective government must respect its people’s natural rights, which he argues is necessary because he believes that people have the ability to reason and are inherently good to govern themselves. Because the boys fail to implement this key governing component, they face the consequence of complete chaos and anarchy, which leads to multiple deaths. In John Locke’s Two Treatises of Government, he mentions the idea that “Governments exist by the consent of the people in order to protect the rights of the people and promote the public good, governments that fail to do so can be resisted and replaced with new governments.” [Locke]. Since he says that “governments exist by the consent of the people”, he is saying that
This fight that he shows lets King George III know how far the Americans are willing to go to get their message of independence globally. King George III is a man of power. When he found out about the colonist disobeying the laws he wanted to punish them, and punishing them is what he did, but, it backfired. These acts of Parliament only push the colonist towards rebellion. He wanted to believe that the colonist would eventually give in but that was never the case.
Many philosophers believed that the government had too much power over the people and they began to work to change that. For example, John Locke believed that people should have natural rights such as life, liberty, and property and that the government should not take away these rights and instead should protect them. If the government did not protect these rights the people could overthrow the government. This idea changed everything because in the end it influenced the English to use this idea in their Declaration of Independence to break away from Britain. Montesquieu was another philosopher who helped make the Enlightenment a turning point.