Differences And Similarities Between The Democratic Party And The Republican Party

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Besides some minor parties, there are two big ones in the United States of America, the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. Due to the voting system of the U.S., these two parties are able to rule without collaboration with another party during the last decades.

2.1. Democratic Party
The Democratic Party was founded more than 200 years ago, making it the oldest political organization in the United States. Their first origins date back to Thomas Jefferson 's Democratic Republican Party of 1792.

Up to 1948 the Democrats were more conservative than the Republicans. For example during the 19th century the party was against the abolition of slavery. The Democrats wanted slavery to persist during American Civil War. Many members lived in the southern states and fought against the Republicans, which had its strongholds mainly in the northern states of America.
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Truman, a Democrat, abolished racial segregation in the U.S. Armed Forces. In the same year desegregation in general became a goal of the Democratic Party.

After several ideological turnarounds during its history, nowadays this party is characterized by a more liberal and progressive attitude. According to our German political system the Democratic Party is more comparable to social-democratic ideas. They differ from those of the Republicans, mainly in defining the role of the state.

From the democratic point of view, there should be put an emphasis on social supply of minorities, more toleration of minorities and a more multilateral orientation towards foreign policy.

There have been 19 Democratic presidents. Some very well-known ones are:

• Franklin D. Roosevelt (No. 32,
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