The Columbian Exchange was the widespread transfer of plants, animals, and bacterial life between new world and old world, following the voyage to the Americas by Christopher Columbus in 1492 and lasting throughout the years of expansion and discovery. The Columbian Exchange not only brought gains, but also losses and it had dramatic and lasting effects on the world. The plants involved in the Columbian exchange changed both the economy and the culture of the new and old worlds. In addition to discovering New World plants, many plants were brought from the Old World and became hugely successful in the Americas. Among the plant brought from the Old World the sugarcane was the most popular.
The glaciers from the north made it so that they have fertile soil and the growing seasons were much longer with lots of sunlight and rain. They traveled by riding along the wide rivers like the Delaware river and the Hudson river. The middle colonies were an important distribution center in the English mercantile system. The land they live on has a lot of diversity between race, the diversity in races are Catholic, English, and Enslaved Africans all share the land. They made a living by working on the farms and selling those crops to the town.
The agricultural revolution was a significant period in the industrial revolution as it developed widely with new and efficient farming techniques which lead to a massive increase in food production. People were now able to leave the farms and move into cities because there was sufficient agricultural production to support life away from the farm. New technologies were invented to meet the growing demand for these products, which lead to the first industrial factories. In the period of agriculture, people saw that it was a time to develop, therefore people started creating tools to help with the efficiency of farming and agriculture, a certain machine which was the plow, which is a device that contains blades that effectively break up the soil, plows created cuts within the soil for the sowing of seeds. Another device that was also created and was a massive upgrade in agriculture was the seed drill that was create by Jethro Tull in the 18th century.The seed drill was a machine than plants drills in rows then covers them, which makes it simpler for the farmers.
The Incas had an advantage, and that was that they produced large numbers of crops that helped them trade with other empires or groups. The Incas were able to trade different crops such as beans, maize, and potatoes. The Incas found the key to various ways of irrigation, freeze-drying, and other conservation methods. The Incas were also huge in conquering, but like the Aztecs, they were demolished by Spanish trespassers. From their sumptuous capital at Cuzco, the Incas conquered and subordinated societies over much of the Andes and adjacent regions after 1438.
There was an increase wealth in farmer class. At the early period, there is a dramatic expansion of farmland and increase in population due to the irrigation projects that government carried out and the invention of new farming tools. There were guidebooks published to teach farmers how to produce crops more efficiently. Farmers began to sell their surplus to market. There was also a class of wealthy merchants with considerable capital came into existence due to vibrant commercial activities at the late Edo period due to the expansion of commerce and the growing productivity of agriculture.
England had a harsh climate and geographical factor for Planting crops (let.rug). However, settlers took advantage of the harbor producing wood. It increased trade becoming a commercial and industrial area (let.rug). While Hudson Valley, New York had abundance wheat and flour that became the colony’s most important source of exports (let.rug). With the economy growth, colonies turned to promote a modern environmental development of the New World.
With the land warming they were able to modify nature to fit their needs. Using human labor and the tools they developed they were able to start domesticating plants and animals, their communities started to grow. As the population grew, more and more attention was given to the grain harvest, which eventually led to the conscious and systematic cultivation. This led to a population growth, because they were able to produce more food. People started to settle in villages and social relations changed
However, due to a greater diversity of foods available for consumption, a mobile lifestyle, and relative freedom from epidemic diseases that come from larger populations, hunting and gathering bands comparatively enjoyed a standard of living far superior to that of a Neolithic village dweller. Each group of people had extremely differing diets. While the hunters and gatherers scavenged daily for foods such as roots, berries, meat, and nuts, Neolithic villagers ate more carb-rich foods such as potatoes and corn. The diet of a
Then farms were made to use the soil in making crops for food. Which the handy work of cooks and bakers, delicacies and traditional dishes surfaced pleasing the people. Such evidence proves that the Mesopotamian people had specialized people, which shows even more that they were in fact a civilization. However, with such climate, maintaining the richness was a
The North had many advantages over the South in the Civil War. They were able to move food and supplies at a more efficient rate, due to their advancements in the Market Revolution. The military demands greatly benefited the industries such as arms and clothing. The railroad industry prospered as well, carrying troops and supplies to the front lines. The South on the other hand was shattered.