The Transatlantic Slave Trade is one of the most unique historical events because after it occurred the world was changed forever. The way the world interacted, the way minorities were treated, and the establishment of New World powers all developed from the Transatlantic Slave Trade. The Transatlantic Slave Trade lasted somewhere around four centuries, between the middle of the 15th century and the end of the 19th century. During this time period Europeans forcefully migrated men, women, and children from Africa to The Americas. This was referred to as the “middle passage”. It is estimated that somewhere between 12-15 million Africans were taken to the Americas. During the Middle passage it is estimated that 1 in every 5 Africans
Spain saw the natives as savages and a simple people that needed to be controlled so they were unrelenting in their rule, taking some women as mistresses and killing those who attempted to rebel aftering having wiped out thousands with diseases brought from Europe. Bernal Díaz, a young soldier that took part in fighting the natives recounted, “...all is overthrown and lost, nothing left standing.” The once supreme Mayan, Aztec, and Inca peoples were crushed underneath the rising power of the Spanish. While also mistreating the people of Africa, the Portuguese, rather than killing, bought people as mistresses or slaves. Slavery had long been taking place in Africa, but with the Portuguese came other European countries that benefitted from free labor. Taking advantage of the slave trade, the Portuguese bought and abused thousands of African slave laborers and their descendants every year. Because of the huge dispersion of African slaves, Africans became known as a slave race. For years, the people of Africa and America suffered from the continuous maltreatment from the Portuguese and
New Spain was controlled by spain, and covered from the bottom of South America to what is now the Southern United States. New England was a collection of a few different English colonies and took up what is the modern day Northeast United States. Even though the Spanish and English colonies were colonies of powerful European countries, the colonies developed very differently. The Spanish colonies and the New England colonies were significantly different in the their roles of religion, economic bases, and their treatment of indigenous people.
Political System: Massachusetts originally had a governing body called the General Court which was assembled by the original joint-stock company. This was eventually altered into a legislature for the established colony and gradually became a 2 house legislature. Voters were adult male church going property owners within the
During the 15th and 16th centuries, leaders of a few European nations sent expeditions out in the hope that explorers would find great wealth and vast undiscovered lands. The Portuguese were the earliest participants in this “Age of Discovery.” Starting in about 1420, Portuguese ships sailed the African coast, carrying spices, gold, slaves and other goods from Africa and Asia to Europe.
Europe was able to conquer and explore the rest of the world, an not anyone else not because of a superior economic status, but because of of its geographic location and because of its political strategies. In early history, Europe was the easiest place to thrive as a community because of s superior geographic location which gives it many advantages. Europe was economically superior to some places, but others such of China were as good, or if not than even better than Europe. The location of Europe shaped its political ideas which in turn motivated it to conquer the world. An additional document showing the crops grown in America and how efficient they are could be useful to prove Europe's superior geographic luck. It could be found from an almanac and be about how the crops were not as good for forming a surplus of food as the one’s in Europe for the most part.
The age of Exploration was a time when many countries in Europe sought a means of power by traveling to the new worlds in aid of helping their own countries by retrieving raw materials, slave labour, rare foods and spices, but also land that they could claim for their own countries. The most famous out of these countries during the time where England and Spain both they ruled large amounts of land during the late Renaissance period, but our main focus is during the early Renaissance period this was the time when Portugal and Spain where both trying to head East to claim valuable raw materials and spice, from India and many other countries along the way.
The sugar trade was a million pound industry (today many billions of dollars) that forced a great migration of African people, a handful of empires expanding, and large amounts of wealth dealt to people who have never set foot in the west indies. The sugar trade was a trade between England and others to the West Indies back to England and others and around the world. The sugar trade was driven by wealthy families of England, the popularity of sugar and, also by the hard work of slaves.
Who were the Native Americans? Native Americans spoke hundreds of different languages and were a diverse group of people who, for the most part, crossed the Bering Strait between 15,000 and 60,000 years ago. What were the major differences between Native Americans and Europeans? At that time, Europeans had made significantly more advancements in metal tools, gunpowder, and science. Native Americans also had a different political system, religious views, and family structure then the Europeans. In 1492, supported by Spain and tasked with finding a westward route to Asia by sea and negotiate trade agreements, Christopher Columbus discovered the New World. After two more voyages to the New World, Columbus died in 1506 thinking he had discovered a route to Asia. Not until another explorer by the name of Amerigo Vespucci came to South America, did the Europeans discover they had stumbled upon an entirely different continent.
The Portuguese and Spanish has very specific exploration and colonization practices. King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella highly supported exploration (by supporting Columbus’s exploration and establishing empires in the New World). They also ensured the survival of the Spanish language and culture (including Catholicism). They then built a powerful navy fleet to patrol the seas for the coming centuries. Charles V., the inheritor
The Americas in the mid 17th and 18th century was a hot ground for colonization potentially due to unexplored land. Colonists from all parts of the world wanted to get a taste of what it would be like to be on the American continent. Although different colonists had different motivations for creating a stronghold in America, the two most important powers come to mind: The Spanish and the English. They both had different motivations for colonizing the American continent. The Spanish wanted to gain geographical access and gold while the English wanted to find religious tolerance. Even though their motivation was different, both powers left America in a newer shape than ever before. America was more economically and politically
The plantations previously constructed by the Spaniards produced an abundant amount of coffee and sugar that was exporting to Europe. They produced 60% of Europe 's sugar and 40% of its coffee which allowed St. Domingue to become one of the wealthiest colonies in the world. Essentially homing more slaves than any other segregated county an exception to
The Spaniards made a big impact in the Americas. They killed many Incas,Tainos, and Aztecs. These populations lost many including their emperors. On the Spaniard 's side they had power by killing Atahualpa and Montezuma they could create colonies and take riched back to their country. The Spaniards weren 't the only ones to look for riches in the New World. Portugal conquered big parts of Central and South
In 1494, the Treaty of Tordesillas was established in order to evenly divide unclaimed lands between Portugal and Spain. This led to the Line of Demarcation, in which the non-European world was divided into two zones. Portugal had rights to the eastern hemisphere, and Spain had rights to the western hemisphere. This allowed Spain to colonize areas in the New World. Even though they had this opportunity, they were not able to colonize specific areas in North America due to competition with other European countries. Spain fought with countries such as France, England, and the Dutch for control over lands in the New World, because they were all seeking wealth and power. They had even faced the threat of foreign attacks from England. Because of
“Sugar cultivation in the Americas required both large investments of capital and a steady supply of labor, and investors were needed who could guarantee both” (Goucher, 1998, p.2).The contact of people from different areas to help provide and maintain labor is what connected the world. The paths that the slaves were sent on allowed them to take their traditions to that area with them which ultimately had an impact on those around them. This occurred simply because creating plantations allowed landowners to become part of the wealthier class, so it was important to make sure all labor needs were meant to have a successful establishment.