The Spanish colonies and New England colonies were different in how the Spanish and English initially treated the Native Americans. Whenever the Spanish settlers encountered the Native Americans, the Spanish “enslaved” the native people under the mission system, or the encomienda system, where a man bought a certain amount of land, and what natives were on the land had to work for the owner of the land, in exchange for religious salvation and protection. The New England colonies often had pretty good relationships with their native neighbors in the beginning when the colonists needed the Indians to survive. When the pilgrims arrived to the New World the pilgrims were horribly under prepared and only half of the 103 initial pilgrims survived the first winter. The only reason the pilgrims survived was because the neighboring Indians helped the pilgrims grow food and they were able to survive the next winter, this relationship eventually lead to the first Thanksgiving.
Because European explorers brought along their native diseases (such as smallpox and tuberculosis), the native population was soon dramatically diminished. This meant that Caribbean plantation owners had to import in African slaves. This rejuvenated the African slave trade, which became an essential part of the global economy. Russian serfdom, however,
The encomienda system was created during this time by the Spanish to control and regulate Native American labor and behaviors during the colonization of the Americas. Essentially adding to the decrease in population in Africa and America. But a huge profit for the Europeans. Another social change was the diffusion of religion between the Natives, and the Africans. In Haiti, they practiced Voodoo, which is known to be a combination of African, Catholic, and Native American traditions.
The first major group of European dealers in West Africa was the Portuguese, followed by the British and the French. ”African sellers often kidnapped slaves and brought them to markets on the coast. At these markets, European and American purchasers traded materials such as cloth, iron, guns, alcohol, and decorative items that were helpful to the merchants in turn for purchasing slaves. Most frequently, slave sellers were found to be men, and they used their expanded wealth to improve their prestige. They used this to their advantage to contact themselves, through marriage, to other wealthy families in their kingdom.
David Childress Period 4 11/11/15 Nash Reading Review Nash’s essay examines the development of commercial slavery in the 15th century starting in Africa up until the 19th century in America. He discusses the real way that slave trade happened that is contrary to popular belief. He also analyzes the causes and effects that led to slavery’s commercialization and development.
The effects of European imperialism on Africa was economic negative because European took away their properties them using Africans and Indians for labor which caused the loss of food. It was social positive because they got rid of slavery which the Africans had more opportunities. The effects of European imperialism
Slavery in America, particularly in the Southern region, was heavily depended upon due to the high demand for labor. Historically, slaves were primarily blacks but race did not become an issue until 1650, when Virginia and Maryland claimed that infidel (non Christian) slaves could be enslaved for life. Following this claim, non-whites became a target for slavery. In 1739, a group of rebellious slaves paraded towards Georgia and Florida, and killed several whites at Stono, South Carolina. After these white killings, slave codes were implemented to end rebellion and restrict mobility.
Slaves were treated as property with little value. Beatings and assaults occurred in various places along the slave trade. Also, because of the prosperous slave trade, slaves were sold suddenly and had no time to say goodbye to their families. This narrative brought readers attention to the reasons behind slavery and why this cruel journey continued to take place during the eighteenth century. Slaves were being used for work to benefit economies around the
Although forms of slavery existed before the 1400s, this decade stigmatized the start of European slave trading in Africa with the Portuguese transferring people from Africa to Portugal and exploiting them as slaves. The development of colonization intensified the slave trade. Throughout the 1600s, more countries were involved in the European slave trade, including Spain, North America, Holland, France, Sweden, and Denmark.
Especially, Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade (Triangular Slave Trade) not only highly affected the continent but also left it with sophisticated disputes for the continuing generation because it depopulated the continent and morally undermined the peoples. Since the 18th century, even though some European governments had attempted to be abolished slave trade activities by laws; the more bad condition (colonization) could come to replace the slave trade and other trade activities. The reason is that the objective of the slave trade was to use African labor outside Africa; whereas that of colonization was to exploit their labor on their own land, in Africa, and to get the market for industrial commodities. Colonization affected the African histories, cultures and traditions and identities, and shaped the societies with European modes of life. Due to this, Africans were considered as uncivilized societies that had already psychologically and morally marginalized the people.
The wealth they created mostly returned to Britain, the products they made were consumed in Britain. African slavery was considered “essential” to the sugar producing system. There created two major triangles of trade, which connected nations of the world Britain, Africa, West Indies and the New World. One important feature of these triangles is human cargoes. The documentary on Big Sugar by Brian McKenna supports Mintz’s ideas by revealing the dark side of working on the plantations, and the terrible working conditions that the labors (or slaves) back then had to suffer.
Europeans in the times of the slave trade from time to time vindicated enslavement of Africans by indicating that slavery by that time occurred on that continent. African communities established many forms of slavery and confinement that mixed from a kind of labor position to something that is more like slavery in which human beings are measured as things. Slavery has been around since the beginning of time. The intentions of slavery is mainly financial, slaves were affordable and non- essential. They were often shipped form poverty- stricken areas with an outstanding source of labor at a low price.
David Walker acknowledged that slavery had long been practiced in Africa, but he charged white Christian slaveholders with greater crimes against humanity and greater hypocrisy in justifying those crimes than any prior slave system had been guilty of. Twentieth century scholarship has lent much support to the contentions of Walker’s and others in the African American antislavery vanguard that slavery as perpetrated by the European colonizers of Africa and the Americas brought man’s inhumanity to man to a level of technological efficiency unimagined by previous generations. When Portuguese mariners began trading gold, ivory, and spices with the chieftains of the coast of West Africa in the mid-fifteenth century, they discovered that African prisoners of war and their children could be readily supplied for sale as slaves.
It was an easier, more justified process. By the early 17th century, Portugal had a major role in trading enslaved Africans. In addition to trading with Africa, Portugal also traded with the Spanish. This led to the Portuguese enslaving more Africans. As demand went up, so did supply.