independent”. According to the state of nature, no man should endanger another man’s life, well-being, freedom, or possessions. Everyone is “obligated by the laws of nature to respect the rights of every man”, according to Locke.
Firstly, in the beginning the government was able to control everyone, but after the Enlightenment, people started to question things. Because of this, the Enlightenment encouraged people to challenge the authority, and think upon reasoning/logic. The word/phrase "common sense" was an Enlightenment idea, which inspired a man named Thomas Paine, during the Rev War. The Declaration of Independence was based on Enlightenment ideas, which were presented by John Locke. The Enlightenment supported ideals including: liberty, democracy, individualism, religious tolerance, and
With the changes seen in the economy, war & leaders, the Glorious Revolution of 1688 can be considered a part of the Enlightenment. Evidence shown through historical documents proves this stance. Although some historical events during the Glorious Revolution refute my stance, the Glorious Revolution was indeed a part of the Enlightenment because of the major shifts England had during and after this time period: Influencers, Religious tolerance and changes in governmental policies.
The Enlightenment thinkers brought many new political ideas and reforms to Europe. Philosophers such as John Locke, Baron de Montesquieu, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau all had different ideas that contributed to political reforms. Before this time, politics were typically run based on an absolute monarchy, with a single ruler making all choices themselves. People during the Enlightenment started realizing the flaws in this system, and believed the people should have more say. For example, in a list of grievances from the Third Estate of the French city of Dourdan, the people demanded many things to support their rights, one including equal taxation on citizens (document 8). John Locke was an English philosopher who developed the idea of republicanism. He believed all people were born with the natural rights of life, liberty, and property. If theses rights were taken away by a government, then people had the right to rebel. He also believed that people should elect officials to represent them and make decisions on their behalf. These officials would be educated and would represent ideas parallel to those best for the public. Baron de Montesquieu was a French philosopher who believed that there were three main types of government: republic, monarchy
During the 18th Century, the Enlightenment was introduced in Europe. This new movement brought about modernization of thinking about government and individualism, and reevaluated previous beliefs. The Enlightenment had many new Philosophers who helped spread their views on government. Philosophers were similar in ideas about the rights of citizens and people’s choice of which government they want, however they differed on the reason government existed and governmental power. Overall, the ideas were a substantial departure from previous ideas about human equality, absolute rulers, and the court system.
John Locke was a great example of the philosophers who wanted the people to have freedoms. Locke thought that the government should be people focused and that the people need to have a say. Locke recommended a legislative and executive branch of the government. (Doc A) Locke believed that the king should have very limited power, giving Parliament more. He stated the people should create their own government if the old one should fail. (Doc A) John Locke strongly believed in freedom of choice in the government.
The Democratic American Revolution during the 18th century was, to a large extent, symptomatic of economic and political struggles. The period leading up to the revolution included drastic changes during events such as the Industrial and Agricultural Revolutions and the period of Globalization 2.0. Such events led to the rise of mercantile powers that sought to accrue greater wealth and power through any means, including war. The American Revolution would then be a war opposing mercantile, and near tyrannical, influences, reflecting Euro-American conflicts.
Change is only possible when people want change. People called philosophes, well-educated people in the 18th century, explored their personal reasons on how to change the society the lived in. They believed that natural laws were the main key to understanding what we do and why we do it. The key to a better society was more freedom to do what we want. Taking that into consideration, individual freedom is the key to establishing a more effective government, economy, religous peace, and greater gender equality.
The constitution was a product of the Founding Fathers, who are the traditional American political elite, and therefore their ideology was translated into the document because the elite were held to the highest regard. The influences of the Enlightenment in the United States can be traced back to The Articles of Confederation and The Declaration of Independence, which were direct predecessors of the Constitution. The political elite created the Constitution of 1787, and outlined the ideals and laws of the United States. Abusing this power, the men of the Constitutional Convention wrote articles reflecting their personal and economic interests. The United States Constitution of 1787 represented an ideological and economic victory for the America’s
Coming of Independence was seen by 1775, when the talk of liberty had pervaded the colonies. As the crisis intensified, the Americans increased their base not only on the historical rights of the English people but more on the topic or abstract language of natural rights and universal freedom. The thoughts of these rights and freedom emerged from two important people that both sparked the need for a revolution and for new change; they were John Locke and Thomas Jefferson.
The enlightenment improved by human action in the Atlantic Region through political arrangements that were engineered. Liberty, free trade, equality, rationality, sovereignty through popularity, natural rights, and others provided the underpinnings for the following revolutions in world history.
baptism, therefore only allowing the children of saints’ to receive baptism. However, it left the adult-children half-way members and were prohibited from communion and church affairs. This corrupted the church because it questioned the definition of purity in the church, and as a result, worldly power overcame the value of spiritual purity. The Half-Way Covenant was important because it was the only attempted solution to the decreasing number of saints, but it failed to achieve its goal and also led to some religious misunderstandings.
The enlightenment was an important aspect in achieving every angle of the colonial America, such as the politics, religion and the social economic of the USA .During and after the Revolution most of these core aspects of enlightenment were the basic foundation in achieving independence and the American constitution altogether. Fundamental aspects like natural rights, freedom of expression and the public view of the governmental organs came as a result of enlightenment. Locke, a renowned philosopher and other philosophers established the foundation for the colonial and the modern America. (Israel, 2011).
The enlightenment definitely played a pivotal role in the revolution, the ideas and works of well known enlightenment identities like Voltaire, rosseau, locke, and monstesque were highly influential during the era of the French revolution. Ideas that were developed during the period of the enlightenment led the lower class to become upset by the way they were being treated under the government. Correspondent to the ideas of enlightenment john locke philosophy, the boruqoosi essentially wanted life, liberty and property. The liberal ideas continued to influence the events of the revolution. The bourgeiosi created the national assembly which published the declaration of the rights of man and citizen. The declarartion included ideas and natural
Politically, the Enlightenment gave way to the idea of enlightened despotism, introduced by Voltaire. It described a rational form of absolutism, where the ruler was there to keep peace, provide protection. and not undermine the peace or the people. In order to maintain a balance between the government and the people, John Locke came up with the idea of the social contract, it calls for the people to give up some their right to allow for the government to keep order and protect them. Locke also stated that there were three basic rights for humans, life, liberty, and property, none of them were to be given up in the social contract.These ideas influenced major people such as Catherine II of Russia, Louis XVI of France, and Frederick the Great of Prussia and caused them to structure