Amid the late 16th century and into the 17th century, European nations quickly inhabited the new lands called the Americas. England sent out multiple groups to two regions in the eastern coast of North America. Those areas were called the Chesapeake and the New England locations. Later, in the end of the1700 's, these two locations would combine to create one nation. However originally both areas had very different and distinctive identities.
The Spanish colonies and the New England colonies were different in the resources the colonies collected in order to achieve economic success. The main source of economic gain in Central and South America was gold and silver because there was a plentiful amount of the resources in the Americas. As time went on and the gold and silver resources depleted, the Spanish turned to sugar plantations, which are large scale farms. New England made their money by trading away raw materials, such as timber, furs, and textiles like wool and cotton. Later New England made a large portion of their money from fishing.
The colonies of Massachusetts and Virginia were a start of the new world for England. These were founded by similar people but, with their strikingly differences, grew into separate political, economic and social structures. Both settlements arose from over-crowdedness in England: people wanted a better life. Virginia was settled by men who were single and looking for opportunities and wealth. They were part of the Anglican religion.
In the early 17th century England already had planted their seeds in the New World. Traveling aboard the Susan Constant in 1607, 104 settlers landed in Virginia, in which they established Jamestown. Jamestown became the first successful permanent English settlement in the Americas. Thirteen years later, 102 settlers (all being families) departed from Holland heading towards Virginia in the Mayflower. Lost and misguided they ended up higher up north than expected, making them land in Massachusetts Bay, where they established Plymouth Rock.
1. Lord Baltimore Lord Baltimore was the first of the English elites who received a proprietary colony from Charles I to populate, administrate, and protect. The king at the time was rewarding noblemen shares of the Virginia Company’s surrendered territories to create English colonies. Baltimore acquired his portion in 1632, with alleviation from royal taxation, the authority to employ judges, and the privilege of assembling a resident nobility. Baltimore intended the colony he named Maryland to be a sanctuary for England’s small population of victimized Catholics.
When these challenges are faced, many of the settlers will create the foundations of their political, social, and economic systems. There were many differences between the two colonies when it came down to their political systems. First, both colonies were greatly influenced by Governors. This influence can be seen by Sir William Berkeley when he describes that the, “Governors…laid the Foundation of our wealth and industry on the vices of men”. This statement shows that the governors that were in the Jamestown colony had a profound influence during the beginning of their colony.
In The late sixteenth century and into the seventeenth century social orders moved to the New World. The individuals who camed from England formed into two diverse socities/settlements who had similarities and differences.This two provinces were the Chesapeake and the New England colonies.Each province developed into one of a kind urban communities,or states, over so in time taking into exceptionally particular developmental direcetions, for example : geology, governmental issues, monetary, and nationalities. Religion of the provinces varied extraordinarily also. The New Englanders were exceptionally religious and family based was set to be the based of their general public and rehearsed it with outrageous dedication. In the Chesapeake, religion
The colonial societies between the New England and the Chesapeake that developed prior to 1700 were very different but also had some similarities, in terms of there economic systems, social and political set ups, amd religious beliefs. The New England colonies economies were focused more on commerce and trade; while the Chesapeake colonies focused more on agriculture. The New England colonies had rocky soil and short growing seasons, making it more difficult to farm but they had many navigable rivers and harbors which helped them with trade. The Chesapeake colonies's economy was based more on cash crops, such as tobacco,rice, and indigo, they were less able to provide more industry due to their lack of markets and skilled labor force. Both
For example, Economic New England was based on more agriculture and less industry. People in the New England region mainly done small scale farming due to long winters and poor soil conditions. The New England colonies built the economy through fishing, whaling, shipbuilding, trading, and lumber. The New England region was also mainly industrial and focused more
The Colonies who built the New World The early 16th century, many british colonies came to the new world for various reasons, some for power, money, land, and for religious reasons. This idea of coming to a land of freedom to do whatever they want and to create a new way of living among the natives that already had been stable in the new world. John Smith and William Bradford in their stories, the General History of Virginia John Smith and Of Plymouth Plantation, William Bradford they had explained how they struggled in the boat to come to the new world and how they had to work together to survive in an unknown land with no resources. Smith and Bradford support their explanation by illustrating how they were able to build a community in the new world and their interrelations with the native Americans. Their purpose is to demonstrate how the new world was formed by their small colonies and their intentions to come to the new world in order to have a clearer perspective on why they came.
But just like in other southern colonies, religion eventually became less important than tobacco in Maryland. Unlike the soil of the New England, the soil of the Mid-Atlantic colonies was rich enough to produce food in many ways good enough for export to the world. Flour being the number one export. Indentured servants, family labor and slave labor was the way most of the workforce was being
This brings back the main idea because none of the sugar could have been produced without any of the labor. Labor is the beginning to this story of the Sugar Trade and without that chapter, it would be incomplete. England at the end of this all had more money coming in than out. The sugar plantations, owned by wealthy people, had to be built. And the building of the plantation cost a lot of money.
The New England colonies grew in the 1600’s with many of their ways derived from the Puritans. Socially, the importance of education which continues to this day was from the Puritans. The other side of this the treatment of the American Indians changed enormously. Politically, small town democracy was from the Puritans, but religion is removed from politics. Economically, agriculture economy is kept with the thought of wanting wealth is accepted.
The Columbian Exchange had a great impact on the Americas and Europe. It would seem as Europe was a more established civilization compared to the Americas. The land in Europe was manmade. In which they had many sources for foods such as farming, hunting, and fishing. Europeans relied on grains, wheat, rye and farming, in which the Americas did not.
They lived in deplorable conditions, which contribute to diseases and deaths. In the Northern Colonies religion was a key component in the colonies more so than in the South. Also in the North temperature was cooler therefore the North had more white laborers. On the other hand there was far more slaves in the South than in the North. Most slaves in the South stayed with their masters then, while slaves in the North worked as artesian, shop keepers, messengers, servants, and general labors.