Confucianism is the philosophy that would be the most stable comparing to Legalism and Daoism. First of all, the goal of Confucianism was to have a society that was peaceful and just. This means that Confucius wasn't a violent man. It shows that he wanted peace. His purpose wasn't to rule everything around him; it was the complete opposite.
The Mongols were a group of nomadic people that had a far from good reputation. Eight centuries ago the Mongols conquered much of the known world led by Genghis Khan. Their violent and rash actions got them the name ¨Barbarians¨, which was a term referring to people who were beyond reach of humanity, people who were evil or savage. The Mongols committed many barbaric crimes and they are shown through places they passed through, Genghis Khan, and their beliefs.
The Mongols were easily one of the most dangerous and powerful empires in the 13th and 14th century. The Mongols were known for conquering most of the eastern empires of that time. Some may argue that the Mongols spread their culture and blended it with cultures across the eastern empires. The mongols did not desire to blend their culture and ideals with other empires but desired power and wealth and only what would benefit their own empire. The Mongols would take citizens from empires they conquered and recruit them into their army, make them slaves or require the citizens to pay tribute. This does not sound like the blending of cultures but the complete and utter enslavement of a group of people. The Mongols did not make attempts at furthering cultural advances, they had no interest in the
The Mongols had one of the largest land empires in history though this did not come easily to them. The Mongols had a large influence on both the political and economic systems of Russia and China for a period of time though in Russia, rulers still had control of their land and were left to rule themselves to an extent whereas in china the Mongols affected them more by controlling them
Genghis Khan is guilty due to his ruthless attitudes toward societies, his repulsive methods of murder, and the state in which they left conquered cities. He left traces of destruction wherever he went and was detrimental to the success of states during that time.
All the great empires , most notably the Byzantine and Mongols were all defeated after enjoying long periods of success. Mongols were successful because they were interacting with many countries because of their conquests. Conquering others allowed the trade routes in Asia to move north. All these great countries and civilizations were so successful , mostly in part that they all worked together and their ideas spread to one another. Examples are Middle East/Mediterranean thrived with introduction of Indian crops , Arab and India were trading partners , Muslim and Mongol empires spread ideas and goods throughout Afro Eurasia, Industrial revolution , and the list goes on and on. Southernization helped the Eastern Hemisphere to thrive and flourish
Confucius only taught around 3,000 students during his lifetime in the Zhou Dynasty, but his ideas and values became integrated with the Chinese culture of the past and the present (Ames). He created a syllabus for mastering the “six arts” and inspired those who followed his principles to become effective citizens. Although no one knows much about his life, he greatly influence the way China grew into what it is today.
Mongol armies tore through most of the ancient world throughout the 13th century. Pillaging and plundering every nation in their path, the Mongols left an impressive wake of destruction and death. The Mongols shook the world with the impact of their conquests, but not of their influence was negative. Overall the Mongols brought much needed change in politics and commerce to both China and the Middle East.
Lastly the Mongols performed vicious practices that were fatal and inhumane. In Document 5 a picture depicts five people being buried alive and another man being shot with arrows while tied to a tree. No matter what these people may have done their actions don’t warrant such savage inhumane death. “Genghis Khan rooted out...adultery and theft...these could be left unattended because of the severity of (Mongol) laws against theft”(Document 7). The population under Genghis Khan’s rule shouldn’t have to live in fear of harsh or fatal punishments due to doing petty
Daoist philosophy places emphases on an instinctive awareness, supported by balanced contact with nature, and rejects everything that is not natural. The principles of the Daoist encouraged isolation from humanity for personal development in nature and attaining balance between yin and yang. Confucian philosophy seeks order and social stability. The philosophy states that junzi (superior person) who has ren (human heartedness), exemplifies the ideal social order sought. An individual could become a junzi by promoting certain qualities like understanding of suffering and a quest of morality and righteousness. Confucius and his disciple Mencius had an influence on Chinese thought and social practice. Chinese traditions of worshiping deceased ancestors and exceptional leaders inspired the growth of Confucianism as a philosophic custom and religion. Confucianism was established as the state’s official doctrine by Emperor Wu of the Han dynasty. However, both philosophies of Confucianism and Daoism believed that anyone can develop wisdom or skill, regardless of social status or birth.
They conquered nearly all of Asia and achieved the dream of controlling the continental caravan routes from China to Persia (Doc J). The Mongol Empire made significant contributions to the political institutions, economic development, and cultural diversity of many lands (Doc J). In both China and Persia the Mongols had taken up homes among their subjects and blended with the local societies which led to the diversified economic development (Doc J). Mongol emperors built canals to improve transportation and communication also the silk industry benefited from the Mongol conquest. When visited by travelers the Mongols were known to have harsh laws on theft make them very trustworthy to trade with (Doc K). The Security of the Mongol trading was so good that you could leave your things unattended and come back to them. Kubilai Khan’s rule also helped to shape the empire and improve the stability. He put new legal systems in which reduced capital crimes by half (Doc H). Also the fine arts blossomed during the reign of the Mongols (Doc H). The Mongol empire may of have a “barbaric” start but the conquest proves to help central Asia than
The new themes of encounter and exchange did not come without the warfare, violence and confusion that plagued China as the Sung dynasty struggled to fight back against the Mongols. After the suicide of the last Southern Sung emperor, all of China was united by Mongol rule (Gernet 717). The tragic death of one man marked the beginning of a new era. For the first time ever, foreign people conquered the entirety of China. Never before had the Chinese government been completely replaced by an unknown system ruled by outsiders (Fitzgerald 181). The grandiose dynasty created by Kublai Khan was one of the best in the 13th century. As Marco Polo described it, “I repeat that everything appertaining to this city is on so vast a scale, and the Great
But Genghis Khan was some what a respectful powerful emperor. The reason why I say this is because Genghis Khan was such a powerful person whenever he took over a territory anything he said goes he doesn't even purse policy. Khan was a very ruthless person because of killing, which he has a reputation for, but for some reason he was very confident in killing because that's what kept him in power for so long. “With no hesitation, the imam told Genghis Khan that he was killing so many people that there might not be anyone left to remember his name” (Weatherford Modern World pg 129) Because he often would take care and protect the wealthy people and he would often let the political people stay in office even when he took over their territory. “Genghis Khan had often protected the rich and even rulers to stay in office after he defeated them” (Weatherford Modern World pg112) Genghis Khan death occur in which his son Ogodei has gotten elected into being the emperor of the Mongols and in which he actually was more appreciated by the people because of the things he did such as gaven people silk clothes, given the mongol a capital, and paid full high prices for good and trades. He was a good emperor but not like his father once on before Ogodei took over after his death. Genghis
Throughout the thirteenth century, the Mongols, who had previously been a nomadic tribe of people, conquered most of Asia, including China’s imperial capital. During its acme, the Mongol empire stretched from the borders of Eastern Europe all the way to the yellow sea. Whether it was by destruction or other people surrendering, the Mongols always obtained the land if they really wanted. In such a short amount of time, the Mongols conquered so much territory by using tactics of violence, fear, and by having obedient soldiers that always followed the orders of their commanders.
Genghis Khan has been accused of multiple crimes over the years, many of which forever affect civilization as we know it. These charges include hatred for eurasian societies and ineffective organization and administration of conquered territories. While accusations such as slaughter of innocents stand true, the two accusations mentioned earlier are false beyond a shadow of a doubt when factual evidence is brought up.