As Rome’s government began to change, the leadership became much less consistent. According to a chart compiled from various resources that lists the Roman emperors between 235 BCE and 285 BCE (Document 1), a majority of these emperors ruled for roughly two to three years, however some reigned for as little as or less than a year and some as much as seven to eight years. This constant change in leadership left the Roman army questioning their leadership often times more devoted to their earnings than to the man paying them. These leaders became careless as time went on, as stated in Vegetius’ Concerning Military Matters (Document 2), and the conflicting and constantly changing opinions on military strategy left the rigor and morale of the army in shambles. He states “...because of negligence and laziness, parade ground drills were abandoned, the customary armor began to seem heavy since the soldiers rarely ever wore it.
Their military was the most powerful the ancient world had ever seen. So how did this great empire fall? No one thing made it collapse, but rather several factors that slowly deteriorated Rome until it was no longer sustainable. First, Several internal factors led to the downfall of Rome. One was the moral deterioration in the Roman citizen.
Many countries lacked the funds to support a war. They could not afford new weaponry and were unable to create and maintain a large military. Many countries also didnt have multiple troops because the horror of the first world war was still fresh in the mind of citizens. Hitler continued to occupy Rhineland, conquer Sudetenland and annex Austria. Because of Hitlers rapid expansion, Prime Minister Mackenzie King and the
The Ride to Shiloh When people recall the Civil War, the battle of Shiloh rarely rings a bell. People usually think of the Battle of Gettysburg or the first shots fired at Fort Sumter, while failing to realize the importance of the lesser known battles which left a considerable impact, the battle of Shiloh included. At the time, it was the bloodiest battle yet to occur in the Civil War. It made both sides realize that this war wasn’t going to be an easy fight, it was going to be costly and bloody. People were going to die, and tensions were going to continue to rise.
There is no one single answer for this, the length of the war was a combination of multiple factors. Some historians blame the Schlieffen Plan of Germany, whilst others put the blame on the uneven development of technology that was present at that time, new types of warfare and generals that didn't have time to adapt, thus being incompetent at winning stalemates. The
Some historians claim that there are as many as a hundred political and non-political interweaving reasons that led to the collapse of Roman Empire. One of the important political causes is the division of the Empire into two empires, the west (Latin) and the eastern (Greek, later known as the Byzantine empire) in 284 A.D. by Diocletian. This division was adopted to protect the over-expanding empire and to defend its borders against the Barbarian attacks. This was achieved initially as the two empires synchronized responsibilities and strengthened each. However, over successive years, there were religious and linguistic barriers that prevented further cooperation and inhibited any trials for re-union.
While the barbarians, as the Romans called them, proved to be helpful in battle, they had little loyalty towards Rome and would often turn against their Roman officers. The weakening of legions and Rome’s reliance on outside mercenaries would ultimately be the final straw in the crumbling of the once great Roman Empire. The last breath of the Roman Empire was taken on 476 A.D. as another Germanic Tribe, the Goths, sacked Rome for the second time in less than 100
It was made up of 10 cohorts (About 480-500 men each), which there were 4 cohorts in the front lines and the rest in the second and third lines. The Roman Legion was a powerful tactic, as for it destroyed almost every Phalanx tactic known, and it was very good at attack and defense within the Legion(s). The Legion consisted of enough men that it could be helpful on both flat and rocky terrain. It is very open to arrows and flammable items, but defended almost everything else. The Roman Legion was very powerful, but was defenseless to big attacks, such as a war elephant or catapults.
Weaponry Advancement: The Civil War marked the beginning of an era that transitioned into the Industrial world. Earlier wars were fought in close quarters with unreliable weaponry, and insufficient materials that jeopardized the well-being of both sides of the battlefield. At the start of the Civil War, it was clear that both sides of the Army needed a change in weapon tactics; both the Union and Confederate Armies lacked weaponry that would distinguish themselves with more power over one another. Though, as the Civil War progressed in America, soldiers were introduced to new innovations and advancements of technology that took the war to a new level. Smoothbore muskets were the base of all Civil War battles.
England wasn't the type of country to start a war and the trained military men felt uncomfortable using small weapons so Queen Elizabeth I immediately advanced the strength and the agility of the weapons. In the Elizabethan Era, there were many major wars. One war was called the Elizabethan War. The Elizabethan War was fought from 1585 to 1604 and it was between England and Spain. In 1588, the Spanish Armada was defeated.
The Patriots were the underdogs, no one expected the small Patriot army to beat the massive, powerful British army. How did they beat such a big army who had more than double the amount of soldiers as the Patriots? It was because the Patriots had strengths while the British army had weaknesses. The British did have stronger troops, better supplies, and a larger army. However they were thousands of miles away from their supplies, and their leader they also had no allies to help them along the way.
Although we declared war on Britain we were not equipped for such an extensive battle. We had only 16 battle ships to accommodate Britishes huge fleet. We were meager, ill furnished, and many of our officers knew about warfare. We were not ready. But one the money came and flowed in for the equipment we needed and the more little battles we won against Britain, the stronger we got.