It included paintings, architecture and sculpture. The characteristcs of the romanticism are the following:: Interest in the common man and childhood: Romantics believed in the natural goodness of humans which is hindered by the urban life of civilization. They believed that the savage is noble, childhood is good and the emotions inspired by both beliefs causes the heart to soar. Strong senses, emotions, and feelings: Romantics believed that knowledge is gained through intuition rather than deduction. This is best summed up by Wordsworth who stated that “all good poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings.” Fear of nature: Romantics stressed the awe of nature in art and language and the experience of sublimity through a connection with nature.
Wordsworth in his “Preface to Lyrical Ballads” states that poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful emotions, recollected in tranquility. But what really triggered the artistic emotions within him and resulted into great masterpieces, is the Nature. Wordsworth is considered as a supreme Romantic poet and a worshipper of Nature. Nature comes to occupy in his poem a separate identity and enjoys an independent status. It is not treated into a casual or passing manner.
The Enlightenment was an intellectual revolution through 17th century to 18th century. Caused by the monopoly of knowledge and belief from the Roman Catholic Church, the Enlightenment dominates the way of rational thinking and separate to different field such as art, science, literature, music and economics. Romanticism, which happened after Enlightenment, was caused by the disappointing of the result of the enlightenment. Romanticism is a literary movement which originated in Europe from the end of 18th century to the mid 19th century. Opposed to rational thought, Romanticism put the value of emotion and nature at a very high status.
Romantic writers and poets emphasize many different themes in their works of poetry. These themes are nature with a focus on the sublime and landscape, childhood with an emphasis on innocence & experience along with education, centrality of emotion with an emphasis on spontaneity and resistance to reason, the supernatural, the fantastical, the exotic, political imagination, and individual consciousness with the artist as a genius and the poet as a hero (O’Cinneide). William Blake, William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and Maria Edgeworth are all famous writers from the Romantic era, who focus on innocence throughout their works. This innocence comes from a lack of life experience, and a great deal of value is placed upon this innocence. One does not know when one will lose his/her innocence, for this loss comes with different life circumstances.
However, researchers could still found out various elements that literatures or artistic works in Romanticism consists of. Unlike rationalism, romanticism emphasizes emotion and individualism, and seldom come up with scientist concepts. It introduced the freedom of expressing feelings of the artists their own. Some scholars may introduce romanticism is similar to realism, and there are still some differences “the exploration of reality was the fundamental intention of romantic art” (Jacques, 1961). Romanticism also suggests a belief in the importance of nature.
Secondly, Whitman’s use of imagery shows the power of his imagination and the extent of his sensory impressions. Line twenty-two for example brings forth the energy coming from nature and its spiritual affect on the self. In addition, Whitman uses the senses to draw a picture for the reader. Touch for example, is used in “a few light kisses, a few embraces…”(1150). Hearing is used in “the sound of the belch’d words of my voice…”(1150).
Characteristics of Romanticism 1. Back to nature Romantic elements first and foremost form of awareness of external nature. Romantic House in the 19th century get inherited from the authors before they form a tendency to appreciate and high spirits in the cult of external nature. The revival of a sense of love on this nature enlarge their powers of observation, leading to the emergence of a sense of love will be the beauty and respect for the animal world. This raises awareness about the relationship of human and nature with the value to be had by the artists and poets from their living environment.
(Barbarese 2004) Yet with this poem it shows that Poe did share some ideals and values with the romantic writers. “In "Sonnet: To Science," he complains that the spirit of analysis has driven the dryad from the wood and dispelled his dreams. The note in the Norton Anthology of American Literature tells you that the poem is "built on the Romantic commonplace that the scientific spirit destroys beauty, a notion well exemplified by Wordsworth’s The Tables Turned,’ ” (Barbarese
Poetry sought to expose the connection between nature, humans and most importantly God. Samuel Taylor Coleridge was one significant poet who beautifully embraced the characteristics of Romanticism in his work. In “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner”, Coleridge captures strong images of the nature, supernatural and spirituality. During the 18th century’s Age of Enlightenment, the rejection of the scientific, logical, structured, atheistic thinking completely dominated the public. Scientific thinking was encouraged as a suitable replacement for religion.
In her essay Jane Austen and John Keats: Negative capability, Romance and Reality, Beth Lau connects the two Romantic writers previously not commonly associated. Most comparisons of Austen and Romantic poets are with Wordsworth and Byron, as it is known she read their works. Alas, even without her reading works of John Keats, parallels between ideas in their works can be made (Lau, 2006). The fact remains that concepts of Romantic period, canon and ideology are based on the assumption of shared characteristics among key writers of the era (Lau, 2006). The term negative capability was first used by a Romantic poet John Keats.