While Legalism shaped the empires that endorsed it in becoming a powerful central state centered on law, and created a sense of fidelity to laws rather than to morals in the society through famous political reforms like Lord Shang 's Reform, and rejected the competing ideology of Rujia, Confucianism influenced the empire with an emphasis on humanism, morality, and societal order, leading the empire to become less centralized and the society to become centered on Confucianism-learning. Contrary to these two ideologies, Buddhism during the Tang Dynasty gained its popularity as a religion for the people to guide them on thoughts over the afterlife as well as guidance on filial
He is trying to say that they should not over extend and become something that they were not meant to be. It seems as if the main idea was to not stress yourself and be content with what you were supposed to be. This religion was only really known by Chinese government officials and strong believers in Laozi until modern China. Each government has a set of principles to live by and the religion of choice usually set the parameters on the government and gave the officials a set of standards to live and govern
An individual could become a junzi by promoting certain qualities like understanding of suffering and a quest of morality and righteousness. Confucius and his disciple Mencius had an influence on Chinese thought and social practice. Chinese traditions of worshiping deceased ancestors and exceptional leaders inspired the growth of Confucianism as a philosophic custom and religion. Confucianism was established as the state’s official doctrine by Emperor Wu of the Han dynasty. However, both philosophies of Confucianism and Daoism believed that anyone can develop wisdom or skill, regardless of social status or birth.
The Tao Te Ching is filled with examples of how Lao Tzu thought life should be lived. Under his teaching, the best way to stop conflict is to avoid it all together. Life is like a flowing river and if one were to stop, it would cause conflict for others. To relation this to modern times, Confucius would be pro government and Lao Tzu would not. "The
Legalism stressed the importance of law and order above all other matters. Many of the doctrines and beliefs of Legalism were formed from the ideas of Han Fei, who was actually the disciple of the Confucian philosopher Xun Zi. Xun Zi had lost faith in the Confucian belief in the inherent good of man after seeing the constant political and social turmoil of his time. He and his disciples took the realization of man’s true nature to heart and decided that there needed to be something to control the rampant self interest of man, and they decided that the way would be through a system of laws. While Confucians believe that the nature of man is inherently good, Legalists believe that the nature of man is very susceptible to bad intentions.
America wanted to civilize them from the issues that is occurring. According to Document 4, “America is trying to show how the Filipinos that America can make their “dreams” come true erasing their problems with freedom, education, and justice.” The Filipinos wanted the independence, making US leader seizing the opportunity to control the Philippines by showing pull factors. United States didn’t really care about the issues going on in the Philippines. Controlling Philippines allows the United States a mid pacific port for trade purists. American wanted to control the Philippines government to get closer to China for trading.
Confucianism became popular during the Zhou and the rulers expected their citizens to follow the rules and values accordingly. Confucianism was unusual because it was the belief that emperors were above all, scholars were second, then farmers, merchants, and lastly slaves and women. This is different from the typical social structure that started with emperors first as well, but followed with merchants then scholars and farmers and again, slaves last. This unique social hierarchy could have been another contributing factor to the length of the Zhou
However, after Tzu death, Confucianism was crowned the new philosopher of china. As the newly appointed philosopher, he denies all of Tzu opposing views about mankind, but agrees to Mencius another famous Confucian after Confucius himself optimistic theories. Notwithstanding, Tzu was the first philosopher to develop Confucius observation that holds a general truth, for example “if ain’t broke, don’t fix it” into a system of complete thought that become today one of the significant development of the Chinese philosophy. In contrast, he disagrees with the Confucius ideology of human nature, but accepted his analysis on the importance of education that changed a lot of people throughout the Chinese history to commit their lives relating to serious academic learning. Tzu uses figurative words as a main form of procedure to back up his arguments.
Lao Tzu, who founded Taoism, understood chaos and order differently. Confucianism and Taoism are considered the two sizes to the Chinese philosophical coin. (Novak) Lao Tzu believed that avoiding confrontation and going with the flow is the key to the perfect society. For example, this exert from the text. "Life is a series of natural changes.
What historians learn from this piece however, is the remarks the revolutionary states. There is nothing particularity interesting about them, the answers are common, but the language he uses in scholarly. Hong was not an upper-class Gentry, but he was well-informed enough to properly articulate his thoughts on the religious instabilities. The more compelling of the pieces is the Taiping Religious Verses from “The Ode for Youth.” Feminism and the treatment of women throughout time is a phenomenon historians track. In this text, Hong discusses two points titled “On the Duties of Wives” and “On the Duties of the Female Sex” which illustrate a woman’s role in Imperial China.