Under influence of president Andrew Jackson, the congress was urged in 1830 to pass the Indian Removal Act, with the goal of relocated many Native Americans in the East territory, the west of Mississippi river. The Trail of tears was made for the interest of the minorities. Indeed, if president Jackson wished to relocate the Native Americans, it was because he wanted to take advantage of the gold he found on their land. Then, even though the Cherokee won their case in front the supreme court, the president and congress pushed them out(Darrenkamp). Rather than forced Native American to leave their land, The president Jackson and the congress could develop some activities to share the outcome of gold with them.
The Cherokee lived at the border of the Carolinas and Tennessee on both sides of the Appalachian mountains. Creek Indians had been divided into two tribes, the upper and lower, their members lived either in southern Georgia or Northern Alabama. The Choctaw and Chickasaw tribes lived on either side of the Mississippi (Foreman 548). The Indian Removal Act was put into place in 1830 by president Andrew Jackson, in order to move the tribes into the unowned territory. Initially, the removal was intended for the purchase of the land of the willing tribes, but it turned into forcibly removing these people from their homes.
They called the path they took the Trail of Tears because of the bad conditions and many Cherokees died along the way. The three sources about the Trail of Tears/Indian Removal Act help the reader understand the event because they get different stories of how people feel about getting rid of the Natives. The History channel Trail of Tears video shows Jackson is overpowering and doesn’t care about the Natives because he wants the Natives join the U.S. or leave. According to the History
The Native Americans were treated very cruelly and scornfully by white settlers and the American Government. The white settlers and the Government did not show any slight altruism towards the Native Americans' and therefore took their land by force by cheating them through treaties or relinquishing them off with soldiers or after battles. The Trail of Tears was a devastating event that occurred in the 1830's and an example of a grueling era. In 1830 The Indian Removal Act was passed by the authorization of president Andrew Jackson.” Five Civilized Tribes, the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and Seminole. Some people rejected the idea and did not feel it was right to support the Indian Removal Act.
The Genocide: Trail of Tears/The Indian removal act During the 1830s the united states congress and president Andrew Jackson created and passed the “Indian removal act”. Which allowed Jackson to forcibly remove the Indians from their native lands in the southeastern states, such as Florida and Mississippi, and send them to specific “Indian reservations” across the Mississippi river, so the whites could take over their land. From 1830-1839 the five civilized tribes (The Cherokee, Choctaw, Seminole, and Chickasaw) were forced, sometimes by gun point, to march about 1,000 miles to what is present day Oklahoma. While making this gruesome travel more than 4,000 Indians died from disease, starvation and treacherous conditions. This travel became known as the “trails of tears”.
Powhatan saw this as an enormous threat and took great measures to stop them from expanding. As stated by Christian Feest in The Powhatan Tribes: “The Indians resented this expansion, and the number of murders committed by both the English and the Indians increased” (43). Further conflicts escalated as English Settlers continued to raid Native American supply routes, which eventually led to the first Anglo-Powhatan
The Indian Removal Act of 1830 was a law passed with the intention of “[moving] all native Americans west of the Mississippi River into “Indian Territory” (Bentley 695), which is modern day Oklahoma. In Andrew Jackson’s words, the government would “purchase his [indigenous] lands … give him [indigenous] a new and extensive territory … pay the expense of his [indigenous] removal, and support him [indigenous] a year in his new abode” (Jackson, 1). President Jackson signed and supported this bill largely due to westward expansion. Manifest destiny, or the idea that the United States was destined by God to expand its territory across the entire continent of North America, justified American expansion and migration
When the Indian police took the Native Americans to a camp near Wounded Knee, they were listening to orders and not rebelling. They gave the Europeans no reason to shoot at them. Somewhere in-between 153 to 300 Native Americans were killed (Gitlin, 2011, pg. 91). Men, women, and children were killed.
But, my argument revolved around the question, why did Andrew Jackson wish to addresses this problem towards the end of his presidency? Why did he leave President Martian Van Buren in such difficult conundrums, which lead his political career to be criticized very heavily? Finally, as the period was coming to an end, the final connection that was drawn was between the rhetoric of the Indian Removal Act and the rhetoric that revolves around major world issues today such as ISIS and the Syrian Refugee Crisis. The fleeing refuses are not allowed entry into our nation because many key political figures are expressing how they are “part of ISIS,” and will lead America to its knees. This mimics the way the white settlers in the southern states portrayed the Native Americans, who stated how “uncivilized,” they were.
Politically they were given no voice and no true court representation. The constitutional power held no authority over the decisions made against the Indians. They were treated like prisoners and were deceit by the white men. Certainly the Trail of Tears represents a horrible and shameful chapter in a long novel of egregious American history and that needs to be purposefully never