and they were made to to prevent abuse of power and to safeguard freedom for all. Baron Montesquieu was the genius behind this principle and it was a contribution between Locke and himself. It was separately but the power of the people help it to grow. The checks and balances is a system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power and it can be found in the Articles one, two, and three. The purpose of this principle was to make sure each branch worked fairly and together.
Free will also creates a standard and moral responsibility for people to conform to. Free will causes people to hold themselves and others more responsible for their actions, as they agree that harsh consequences should follow if moral rules are broken. Free will encourages people to take responsibility for their moral actions and the potential consequences encourage more positive moral
Whats is Civil disobedience in a democracy morally justified. Everyone has the same basic human rights in a democery society. Everyone has the same basic human rights in a democratic society. If we don 't protect human rights, everyone wont be equal.
Rule utilitarianism is more concerned with fairness and the law. The ultimate goal is to still satisfy and benefit the most people, but only through the most just and fairest means possible. A rule utilitarian seeks to benefit the most people but through the fairest and most just means available. The Deontiological ethical theory is that of duty, coming from the Greek word 'deon '.
Everybody knows about the classic superhero story: a villain tries to destroy everything, the hero intervenes, saves the damsel in distress and the whole population is delighted and accepts him. Yet, behind the familiar, innocent narrative put forward is hidden a much darker tale of support to the elite. The conservative ideology publicized by superhero stories tends to support a worldview in which the interests of the upper-class and the stability of the system are protected. In that narrative, individuals are not expected to think critically or defy authority, but to follow orders and use their natural skills to benefit society as a whole. Benevolence, obedience and security are valued over individuality, creativity and progress.
In Democracy in America by Alexis de Tocqueville, it talks about democracy in America and its strengths and weaknesses. Having seen the failed attempts at democratic government in his home country of France, Tocqueville wanted to study a stable and prosperous democracy to gain insights into how it worked. His studies led him to conclude that the movement toward democracy and equality of conditions was a universal phenomenon and a permanent historical tendency that could not be stopped. Since this democratic trend was inevitable, Tocqueville wanted to analyze it in order to determine its strengths and dangers so that governments could be formed to reinforce democracy 's strengths while counteracting its weaknesses. Even though Democracy in America
He/she should be of good character and has the characteristics of an ideal Confucian official. If he is a good official, he can use the law without destroying the moral basis. Combining the Western and Confucian thought about the characteristics of a good official is what I think a good solution to help our country change for the better. We do not remove law but we let the morals and values be in government officials. People would say that law destroys the society for it prevents us to be free.
Human dignity, equality, freedom to live without harassment and intimidation, social harmony, mutual respect, and protection of one’s good name and honor are also central to the good life and deserve to be safeguarded. Because these values conflict, either inherently or in particular contexts, they need to be balanced.” Even in our democracies, where free speech is claimed every day by million of people as a complete right to express their opinion, as hurtful as it could be, intellectual pluralism should not belong there. Democracies are created for people’s regulation, satisfaction (« government (...) for the people ») and happiness (proved by the interest created by the notion of Gross National Happiness, which could measure it), and letting everyone express their hate or harm someone orally could attack this idea of happiness promoted by many governments. As a consequence, the Secretary General of the United Nations write a « Model Law Against Racial Discrimination » which restricts the freedom of opinion, expression, and peaceful assembly: « it shall be an offense to threaten, insult, ridicule or otherwise abuse a person or group of persons with words or behavior which may be interpreted as an attempt to cause racial discrimination or racial hatred »; « it shall be an offense to defame an individual or group of individuals on racial grounds.
The first Western philosopher to acknowledge respect, Immanuel Kant, argued that respect for persons is the most important element of moral theory. His ethical theory states “all persons are owed respect just because they are persons, that is, free rational beings.” He emphasizes that humans are “ends in themselves” with an absolute dignity who must be respected. Respect is the core vision of order in a modern humanism and political
The purpose of the state is to carry out the function of bringing these goals to the people - the only thing that matters is that the state abides to the contract. No matter how it is achieved, as long as the state does it, the people cannot object. For example, a state might ban dissents even if they are factually accurate, because from a utilitarian perspective it is better off if people do not know about the limitations of the state as they would be more satisfied with it, hence less likely to revolt. Hobbes might say that it is this order that keeps the state from chaos, thus the people - suppose they feel repressed from the rigidity - cannot object to the state, because it does what it can do to keep society from breaking apart. The fact that the state does what it can - by limiting free speech - is a way of achieving their end goal of securing safety and peace.
John Locke is a British philosopher. In the epistemology, Locke and George Berkeley, David Hume three were listed as British Empiricism (British Empiricism) representative, but he also social contract He has developed a set of theories that differ from Thomas Hobbes' natural state, arguing that the government only has the consent of the ruler and guarantees that the people have the natural rights of life, liberty and property Locke believes that the social contract will be established only with the consent of the ruler, and if there is a lack of such consent, then the people will have the power to overthrow the government. Locke's thought has had a tremendous impact on the development of future generations of political philosophy and is widely
John Locke would not think that democracy is a great principle of natural law but except in small groups. In Locke's perspective, people must freely consent to be governed - the thing is that no one will freely consent to have their natural rights violated - but pure democracy makes it too easy for a majority to impose laws on a majority that the majority would not consent. Locke claimed that men are naturally free and equal as part of the justification for understanding legitimate political government as the result of a social contract where people in the state of nature conditionally transfer some of their rights to the government in order to ensure the stable, comfortable enjoyment of their lives, liberty, and property. Since governments exist by the consent of the people in order to protect the rights of the people and promote the public good, governments that fail to do so can be resisted and replaced with new governments. Locke states in the Two Treatises that the power of the Government is limited to the public good.