John Locke John Locke was born on August 29, 1632, in Wrington,England. He was an english physician and philosopher. He went to University of Oxford. He had a mentor called Robert Boyle who was an important scientist. He decide to study medice at England.
Mohammed Mikky Sr. Ruwa English CP2 Essay 12/20/2015 Transcendentalism was a philosophical movement that began in the 19th century. It was a protest against the previous generation of rationalism and thinking. One of the top figures and founders of this movement was called Ralph Waldo Emerson, and intellectual essayist, poet, and lecturer who successfully influenced many people to become transcendentalists such as Emma Goldman, Marcel Proust, etc. Ralph Waldo Emerson was born in Boston Massachusetts (May 25, 1803) to Ruth Hakins and Reverend William Emerson. His father was a Unitarian, or belief that God is one entity, which is the opposite of Trinitarainism.
John Calvin is sometimes referred to as one of the greatest Reformation theologians. Calvin studied law before he studied theology. Calvin argues for two types of government in his compendium of theology, "The Institutes of the Christian Religion,” one, government that rules the spiritual, or inward aspect of humanity, the spiritual government, and two, government that rules the external aspects of human life, the secular government. “Man is the subject of two kinds of government, and having sufficiently discussed that which is situated in the soul, or the inner man, and relates to eternal life, we are, in this chapter, to say something of the other kind, which relates to civil justice, and the regulation of the external conduct. “ In Calvin’s mind, no human law could stand on it’s own without God, who has created the world and government in the beginning.
Enlightenment was created by the English philosopher John Locke. The ideas that were influenced by enlightenment were life, liberty, and property. This also gave to the idea of natural right. Enlightenment influenced the way people finally realized that divine right wasn’t right and start to doubt it. Throughout time enlightenment has influenced a lot of important events in history.
The Three Musketeers Take Transcendentalism The transcendental movement that occurred between 1830 and 1850 is best understood by exploring the context in which it began. America had declared its independence from England half a century earlier, however, continued to hold onto many of Europe’s religious and political tenets. Highly acclaimed American philosophers, poets, and authors of the day, like Henry James Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson, felt it was time for the people in the fledgling country to further distance itself from Europe’s influence and develop their own unique set of beliefs based on personal experiences, intuitions and inspirations. Transcendentalists maintained that all people had access to divine inspiration, knowledge and truth; and these instincts transcended what can be seen, heard, felt, touched or tasted. As such, each individual could trust their own authority of what was right and what was wrong.
He was America’s 28th president during 1913 - 1921 and during this time he has made an impact in the political world. Thomas Woodrow Wilson but mostly known as Woodrow Wilson, the man that advocated for world peace. But the question is did he do it for the good of the people as he believed that world peace is whats important or… Born to Joseph Ruggles Wilson & Janet Woodrow Wilson in the mid 19th century in Virginia but spent his childhood and teenage years i n Georgia and South Carolina. He then went on to Princeton, University of Virginia however he deferred his law degree and took interest in political science and obtained his PHD at the Josh Hopkins University. From this he began his first career: academics, where he taught at many universities.
During the course of seventeen days in June of 1776, Thomas Jefferson drafted a document that is still “the nation’s most cherished symbol of liberty” (Archives). It was a formalized document to begin the process of America’s independence from British governance and an overbearing British king. Jefferson was among a group of five men who the Continental Congress had entrusted with this job, and he was elected by his fellow committee members to actually write the document. Jefferson took inspiration from Virginia’s Declaration of Rights and a draft of Virginia’s constitution that he had been writing. He also relied heavily upon his legal education and was “deeply influenced by the 18th-century European intellectual movement known as the Enlightenment.
During Locke years of service to Shaftesbury, he begins to write.When he came back to England he published all of his work. As one of the founder of the Whigs party, it pushed for constitutional monarch and it stood in the opposition to the dominant Tories. In Locke’s turning point, Two Treatises of Government, had pushed his revolutionary ideas concerning of the natural rights of man and also the social contract. Both of his concepts
During the Enlightenment period, many thinkers shared their ideas about society, Thinkers like John Locke, Baron de Montesquieu, Thomas Hobbes, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau wrote books to spread their ideas against the Old Order. First, John Locke believed everyone had natural rights. These natural rights were life,liberty,and property. The main purpose of the government would be to protect these rights. Locke influenced important people such as Thomas Jefferson when he wrote the Declaration of Independence.
Alexis de Tocqueville penned Democracy in America after he spent month America in the 1831, where he witnessed a new democratic system. He found it’s concepts to have unique strengths and weaknesses that he believed could be the inspiration for the new government of post-revolution France. The concepts of limiting individualism, encouraging positive associations, and moderating the tyranny of the majority that Tocqueville observed during his trip in America helped build as well as maintain the new democratic republic built after the revolution. As soon as America became from British rule, their groundwork for their new government that was accessible to it’s citizens helped cement them as a true democracy since it contended with individualism. Tocqueville noticed that after a successful democratic revolution, people tended to isolate themselves and focus their personal interests since there was no longer a common goal to fight for.
Stephen Hopkins Stephen Hopkins is not very well known outside Rhode Island, but he was very popular and influential in his day. As the oldest member of the Continental Congress, he was respected for his knowledge, experience, and political insight. Stephen Hopkins was born March 7, 1707, in Providence, Rhode Island. His parents were William and Ruth Hopkins. On his mother’s side, he was a descendant of Benedict Arnold, who was the first governor of Rhode Island.
Context: In 1670, Bossuet was named tutor to Louis XIV 's only son, Louis. Bossuet was responsible for the youth 's religious, philosophical, and political upbringing from age 9 to 20. In this role, Bossuet wrote works designed to instruct Louis, who was meant to be the future King of France. One of these works was Politics Drawn from the Very Words of Holy Scripture. Politics Drawn from the Very Words of Holy Scripture explained the source and proper exercise of political power young King Louis XIV’s son, Louis.
In 1681, William Penn (1644-1718) received a royal charter from King Charles II which allowed him to be the founder of Pennsylvania in British America. In this document students are able to see The Frame of Government Penn wrote for the new founding middle colony, Pennsylvania. The document was under a deep influence from the writings of James Harrington and was to provide a government for Pennsylvania which stated how many people could be in the council and assembly. Since Penn was known to be a Quaker he wanted this colony to be a haven for Quakers and other religious members who were always persecuted from the Church of England or from the Puritans as well as allowing the rich and the poor to have a voice in political affairs and not overrule one another. By late October 1682 Penn went out on his own to venture into the New World and would some come across an area that he would buy from the Swedes and would then name it Philadelphia.
Francis Bacon discovered and popularized the scientific method. Francis Bacon practiced law to support himself when his father died. He supported for reform; promoting the consolidation of the U.K., speaking out against religious persecution, and opposing feudal abuses. Francis Bacon’s writings on skepticism, the need for empirical evidence, and the four causes of scientific misguiding set the stage for scientific advancements throughout the Enlightenment period.