In describing the house, Poe uses words such as sad, cold and sickening. He makes sure to mention that the trees out front are dead, almost as if to foreshadow about what lies ahead. The house itself
His stories tend to have the same recurring theme of either death, lost love or both. American gothic fiction is a subgenre of gothic fiction. Elements specific to American Gothic include: rationality/rational vs. irrational, puritanism, guilt, Das Unheimliche (strangeness within the familiar as defined by Sigmund Freud), ab-humans, ghosts, monsters, and domestic abjection. The roots of these concepts lay in a past riddled with slavery, a fear of racial mixing (miscegenation), hostile Native American relations, their subsequent genocide, and the daunting wilderness present at the American frontier. American gothic is often devoid of castles and objects which allude to a civilized history.
Additionally , the house that the narrator mentions is illustrated as “ mansion of gloom “ which might be a sign that the aura of the house has something dreadful in it. However , the Narrator reveals something important about his first impression for the house by saying “ I looked upon the scene before me , upon the mere house, upon the bleak walls , upon the vacant eye-like windows ( 3 ).To illustrate , the words such as “ air of heaven , silent tarn , mystic vapor “ used as a reinforcement for making the ambience of the house as gloomy. In fact , in the light of these facts , it could be said that the house has an darkness appearance which might be an indication of its mysterious atmosphere. For instance , the images such as “ decayed trees “ also reveals that the house is located far away from urban which is portrayed as “
Without the creepy settings, the stories would not be as scary. In “Fall of the House of Usher”, Poe uses words to create a terrifying castle surrounded by dead trees and an overall sense of dread and death. “…With the first glimpse of the building, a sense of insufferable gloom pervaded my spirit.” The setting plays a great role in this story because the house is connected to Mr. Usher. Usher is a broken man, with a depression that reflects on the depression of the house.
Gothic literature, both traditional and contemporary which both create a suspense. It originated in England in the second half of the half 18th Century and had success in the 19th. In traditional gothic literature the word is more traditional way as it is written in 19th Century such as Charles Dickens ‘The Signalman’. It was written in 1866. Dickens conveys the story to the readers by using an unfamiliar, isolation and supernatural themes.
Dracula For a long period of time, literature was focused on real life circumstances often lacking sinister characteristics. During the Gothic Era, literature began to take a turn towards the dark side. Stories written during this period were filled with terror, isolation and darkness. The presence of supernatural beings and experiences were incorporated in to these writings as well. Stories written during the Gothic Era have a dark nature to them.
This can be seen through Washington Irving’s “Rip van Winkle” and “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” which can be considered as American gothic work in terms of its description of setting, the involvement of supernatural element in the story and also the characteristics of the main character. The setting in “Rip van Winkle”, in the beginning of the story, was being mentioned by the author about the changes happened to the mountains and hues in every change of season, weather and even hour which indicates some magical element in the place that the author is about to tell. With this being mentioned in the story, the readers will know that the setting of the story is not some kind of place that they are familiar with or a place that they have seen before. The readers will suspect that the setting of the place is exist or not based on the description of the author about the story. Meanwhile, in “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”, the setting is a bit mysterious and a bit magical too.
Terror, mystery, paranormal activity, doom and death were the main features of gothic novels during the era of gothic romanticism. Gothic novels and poems were given their own genre mainly because they include extreme emotional content and intensely dark themes. The natural settings were castles and monasteries which are typical forms of gothic literature. By 1840 the gothic genre had played itself out and this was partly due to writers who were developing the
The physical house reflects the end of the Usher bloodline as it still stands on the edge of ruin, away from civilization. While the house itself is splitting due to the fissure that is tearing it apart, the twins are being torn apart by the disease that will soon take them. Ultimately, the house does fall to the “black and lurid tarn” (Poe 196) and the twins return to the ground having met the demise that they had been molded to by “preternatural interconnectedness” (Timmerman
John Fowles’s The French Lieutenant’s Woman came to light in June 1969. It is clear that the novel tackles motifs such as love and intrigue, prototypical themes of the Victorian Novel. However, Fowles’s ultimate motive was not that of writing a conventional Victorian story but that of revealing an experimental narrative in which Victorian elements are explored from a perspective of the late sixties. Fowles presents us with a new reading of 1867, incorporating references of many of the events that took place during that gap of time. Barry Lewis states that “The postmodernist writer distrusts the wholeness and completion associated with traditional stories, and prefers to deal with other ways of structuring narrative.” (Stuart Sim (ed.)