Introduction: The Two Buildings; Parthenon in Athens and Pantheon in Rome are both classical heritage of the former world powers. Both buildings were temple built and dedicated to the gods of Athens and Romans. The excellent strength and the durability of these temples are unimaginable. Going by the length of time that these buildings have been in existence, one cannot but admires the brilliance of the ancient Greek and Roman architects for such excellent edifices that have outlived many generations, and yet remain a symbol of ancient Greek and Roman history. In this piece of work, it is essential to compare the two buildings while systematically considering their similarities and differences that have memorialized their existence until now. Similarities between Parthenon and Pantheon The Parthenon building in Athens was built and dedicated to the goddess Athena while the Pantheon was also built and similarly dedicated to all the gods of the Romans; hence they are referred to as temples. Furthermore, both buildings were used for public events when such need arises. The Parthenon and Pantheon are both ancient buildings and have strong big columns holding the building as well as serving as decorative pillars. Similarly, the Parthenon and Pantheon were high rising buildings which are typical of a classical …show more content…
through 432 B.C while that of Pantheon was constructed much later in 126AD. The difference in the time of construction suggests the reason Pantheon building is looking more recent than the Parthenon building. The Parthenon building is located in Athens while Pantheon is located in Rome. The Column pillars of Parthenon was made of Doric and ironic order while Pantheon was built with Corinthians columns. Granite columns used in the Pantheon building were actually quarried in Egypt while the columns of Parthenon building were constructed in Athens with all the sculptural work of art (Moore, 2004; Silverman,
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The search for a contemporary and unique re-lighting of the Nashville Parthenon created for our studio a special opportunity to compare and contrast the Greek Parthenon’s formal, structural, decorative properties and the role it played in the festive, civic and pedagogical cultural life of ancient Athens with that of the role that Nashville’s Parthenon plays in the history and contemporary cultural life of Nashville. There are great similarities and great differences. Both buildings share a great affection of the local populace. It is remarkable the effort undertaken by the citizens, civic leaders and the business communities of both cities to build, maintain and reconstruct their individual structures. Both structures were—and are—in dialogue
The finest buildings the Greeks erected were their temples; and the most famous of these is the Parthenon, in Athens. The Parthenon is dedicated to the goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron. Construction began in 447 BC when the Athenian Empire was at the peak of its power. It was completed in 438 BC although decoration of the building continued until 432 BC. It is the most important surviving building of Classical Greece.
The Pantheon and Brunelleschi 's Dome in Florence both share a common idea of the dome in ancient history. They were built and different times, the Pantheon and Brunelleschi 's Dome differ in both design and architecture. This paper is going to analyze the Pantheon in Rome and Brunelleschi 's Dome in terms of their constructional and design techniques, and their historical circumstances of the construction of them both. The Pantheon is one of the remaining and properly maintained buildings of the first century.
Reasons why these features of architecture were chosen: The meaning of the word ‘Pantheon’ is ‘contains all gods’ with ‘pan’ meaning all and ‘theon’ meaning gods. The interior of the Pantheon contains altars to individual gods hence the name. The dome in the interior of the Pantheon is round, inclusive and an all-encompassing continuum.
The Pantheon is a magnificent architectural sculpture located Rome. It was originally constructed by Agrippa in 27-25 BCE under Augustus’s reign but later burned around 80 CE under Domitian and burned again in 110 CE because of a lightning strike. The Pantheon that is seen today was reconstructed in 118-128 ca. a.d. under Hadrian’s rule.
Both buildings are dedicated to our own version of a ruler. The Lincoln Memorial was dedicated to President Lincoln. The Parthenon was dedicated to the Greek Goddess Athena. Another thing they have in common is some of the
People have dealt with many struggles and enduring issues throughout history. From the start of civilizations all the way through modern society, enduring issues are a part of life and the evolution of societies. Even today, you can look at modern society and find many examples of the impact of different enduring issues. All of these issues influence other civilizations, cultures, and societies in different ways. One such enduring issue is the issue of cultural diffusion.
In light of the architecture of Rome, one can immediately picture the great columns and of cors the arch. The truth of the matter is that these structures were all taken from the Greeks. However, the structure was a hybrid called, “Composite”. This was made possible due to the Roman invention of concrete. “Its basis was pozzolana, a chocolate-coloured volcanic earth originally found near the Greek settlement of Puteoli, and subsequently discovered in vast quantities around Rome.”
Why mess with a system that has proven itself to work countless times in history? I mean when these building would have been designed the architect whether in 1700 or 1900 would have seen the ability of Doric and Ionic styles to last the test of time. As well as the fact that Greek architecture plays well with awkward pieces of ground so if they were building something on a hill they could make it appear perfectly level as well have made it structurally sound. As well as the columns disperse weight well so they would be able to get almost as large as they wanted safely.
It is the biggest sanctuary at this site and was never finished , The sanctuary of Athena that likewise called the Temple of Demeter, a Doricperipteral hexastyle building with thirteen sections along the edge, having extents that were to be built as the Doric perfect in such structures as the Temple of Poseidon at Sunion , the sanctuary of Poseidon that Doric, one of the best protected sanctuaries, demonstrating a union of thoughts of configuration that were creating towards a "perfect sort" officially pervasive in Greece, the sanctuary of artemis that One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, was the fourth sanctuary on the site , and the sanctuary of Segesta that Doric peripteral hexastyle arrangement, is bizarre in having unfluted segments that remain on square plinths in two stages. These sanctuary demonstrate of us that greek structural planning best antiquated building design and 's regardless it up to the present in the entire
Through this essay I will be discussing the comparisons and the contrast between temples in Greek architecture and roman architecture. I will be commenting on the forms, materials, technology and the siting to compare and contrast the architecture of ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. Also I will discuss how these points reflect the structure of the Greek and roman societies from which the temples emerged. Greek Architecture There were three main styles in Greek architecture, these styles were called the Doric style, Ionic style and the Corinthian style.
Throughout the history of mankind there have been numerous great empires that have ruled large parts of the world during a specific time period and influenced the way art was created and interpreted. Even though they were almost 200 years apart, the Classical Greece (480 BC-323 BC) and the Roman empire (146BC – 324 AD) both had a similar expression of Art, as the Roman empire had mostly derived their work from previous art periods. Throughout the following analysis we will be exploring the differences and similarities between the classical Greece sculpture “The Diadem Wearer” (Figure 1) currently located in the National Archaeological Museum and the Roman sculpture “Augustus of Prima Porta” (Figure 2) that can be visited in the Braccio Nuovo of the Vatican Museum.
But when the Romans built the Pantheon , they used the Corinthean order for it's columns . The Greeks used the post and lintel , or the trabeated system many times , but the Romans relied on the arches , and made them more perfect than the Greeks did . Also the material used in the construction of their buildings were different depending on the available and more reliable material . So the Greeks tended to use the well carved marble , granite and limestones in building , but for the Romans these material wasn't commonly used , or wasn't used to build th structure itself but could be used for decoration , they rather used the concrete and mud bricks and that helped them in the construction of arches . According to the geographic difference between them , the way they constructed their cities varied .
The Forum of Trajan is a Roman example of axial planning because as you entered through its triumphal arch towards a statue of Trajan in the center, the surrounding structures were at opposite angles and lines, creating a clear sense of order and focus.  The complexity of this planning demonstrates the outlook and organization that went into any of the architecture in Rome and Athens.  While many citizens at the time did not appreciate (or may have not noticed) this visual architectural connection between Rome and Athens, the members of the elite who traveled, did especially the Roman Emperor Augustus. The cities of Rome and Athens became increasingly similar during the Augustan period and created a hybrid style that was influenced by Augustus. Though the exchange in architectural culture between these two cities was common there were subtle difference.