However, he does not abide by societal expectations demanded by the made up reality and he is true to himself. He is but a typical individual. What Christof meant to say was, Turner is real and he does not pretend nor try to be perfect as society demands. He has flaws, and imperfections which makes him real. Truman seeks adventure and excitement in life but he is unable to attain it.
Plato, in the story of the prisoners in the cave, represents metaphorically how far is one’s perceptions through physical senses from the reality. Those prisoners in the cave who were kept there since their childhood, had been chained in a manner that they were unable to move around their heads and incompetent to experience the happenings and real things in their surroundings. They were only able to see the opposite wall and the reflections of the statues, objects and other items in the form of humans and animals which were projected by the fire behind them to opposite wall, they presumed to accept those shadowy images on the wall to be real. Comparing this situation from the story to one’s real life, it can be inferred that in most cases people just see one side of a coin while the reality is perceivable only when one be aware of the two sides. The allegory of the cave also portrays that understanding of the reality is obtainable
In the latter part of the allegory, Plato advocates for the appointment of a philosopher to rule over all of society saying. “Whereas the truth is that the State in which the rulers are most reluctant to govern is always the best and most quietly governed, and the State in which they are most eager, the worst.” Plato feels that in having a philosopher as a ruler is the ideal form of government for many reasons. Firstly, the philosophers of the time lead a heavily examined life deprived of culture and thriving on self-education. In describing the ideal philosopher king Plato feels that being deprived of culture is important as they “are not obliged to share in the toils of politics: and this is reasonable, for they grow up at their own sweet will, and the government would rather not have them.” The governments of Classical Greece were not fond of philosophers through their teachings, they challenged the values that society held so dearly. for example, Socrates was put to death on charges of atheism and corrupting the youth, however, the only crime he could be convicted of was pushing the Athenian elite out of their comfort
The Allegory of the Cave was a metaphor created by Plato explaining the lack of education and the effect it may have on future generations. Plato begins by having Socrates describe the prisoners inside the cave as being chained by the legs and the neck to a wall with a fire lit just behind it and between that and the fire are people holding up puppets that cast a shadow in front of the prisoners. The voices made by the puppeteers reflects off the wall and the prisoners on the other side believe that those are the voices of the shadows. Socrates and Plato believe that the shadows are reality to the prisoners because they have never experienced anything else. Plato is trying to convey that the cave is the world and the people that inhabit
The leaders needed to be well educated in matters of the law, military, economics, current affairs, so on and so forth. Common people are ill-informed and incompetent in running a state. Without the inclination to gain relevant knowledge, their ignorant selves unknowingly allow their heart to govern their heads, unable to stick to one good decision. As a result, they make rather short-sighted, selfish decisions and tend to favour demagogues who charms them with sweet
Salman Rushdie is anything but ordinary. His style of writing is as explained, “He is not a realistic writer; he is the foremost practitioner in England of magic realism.” (1) He has a way of creating characters and plots that tell a story in a different way than normal authors. Similarly, In Toni Morrison’s speech, she uses a story of a blind woman to express the idea of the life and death of language. So, what’s the use/threat of stories that aren’t even true? Well in Haroun and the Sea of Stories by Rushdie and Toni Morrison speech, the stories are a way to expose the author’s true intentions by encouraging the use of imagination and creativity.
In "The Machine Stops," people have put their entire faith in a machine which eventually lets them down, and Communication is made as a kind of instant messaging/video conferencing machine called the speaking apparatus, with which people conduct their only activity, they sharing ideas and knowledge. In the Allegory of the Cave, Plato distinguishes between people who mistake sensory knowledge for the truth and people who do see the truth, the cave represents people who believe that knowledge comes from what we see and hear in the world empirical evidence. The cave shows that believers of empirical knowledge are trapped in a ‘cave’ of misunderstanding, Although, the prisoner managed to break his bonds and soon discovered that his reality was not what he thought it was and in “The Machine Stops," it’s a world in which most of the human population has lost the ability to live on the surface of the Earth. Now they live in isolation below ground in a standard 'cell ', with all bodily and spiritual needs met by the
In Plato’s “Allegory of a Cave” the main goal and plotline for the prisoner was to be able to go to the light to gain a full concept of truth, reality and justice. After passing the entranceway, he is met by the light which provides him “sharp pains” which eventually turn into being dazzled by it. However, as he grows customary to the light and the enlightenment that is brought forward to him, Plato questions whether he will fully grasp the notion of it. To present instinct Plato writes, “And if he is compelled to look straight at the light, will he not have a pain his his eyes which will make him turn away to thale refuge in the objects of vision which he can see, and which he will conceive to be in reality clearer than the thing which are now being shown to him? True, he said.” This passage is claiming that at first, after being released of the cave which
At the beginning of Part I, the allegory of cave by Plato's Republic emphasizes how sense experience serves as an important role for the gaining of true knowledge. He demonstrates how the shadows created by the puppeteers influence the prisoners' minds to view the world (Plato 5-6). However, I think that sense experience has its own limitations hindering the way to explore new knowledge. First limitation is that inference from sense experience may come up a misguided premise because of the weak relationship in between. Aristotle proposed that things in nature are nonbeing, potential being and actual being (Lindberg 22).
Moreover, those points are just not persuasive enough for people to really believe in themselves. Even though we can act with virtue while knowing about it, we can still practice it to make the world a better place. We can act virtuously to lead by example for society so that others will try to be more virtuous also. What I mean by this is that we can try to make people better people that will make them happy. People being naturally conceded also is not persuasive because everyone has different personalities, meaning that nobody is truly the same.
These people are puppeteers, who use the fire to project everyday objects on the cave wall (514b). Since they could not move their heads, the shadows produced by the puppeteers are all the prisoners can perceive. They accept these images to be the truth, rather than just shadowy representations of what is actually in existence. In Plato’s theory, the cave represents people who believe that knowledge comes from what we see and hear in the world – empirical evidence. The raised wall and chains symbolize the limitations in our thinking.