Both philosophies were very similar to each other since the two movements were a reaction against the contemporary strict traditions, laws, and religious rules. They both placed a huge emphasis on the individual as well as inspiration from nature. In the following, I will discuss American Transcendentalism and Romanticism in relation to Ralph Waldo Emerson’s essay ‘The American Scholar’ and Walt Whitman’s poem ‘Song of Myself’. Emerson was an American poet, essayist and lecturer. He is known as one of the people who took a leading part in the Transcendentalist movement, including a champion of individualism.
During Shakespeare’s time, the societal norms that cultivated women were very precise. Women were held to high standards both look and act in a specific way, but did society ever take it too far? Many poets during Shakespeare’s time wrote traditional blazon sonnets, ones that compared women to the most wondrous things life has to offer; gems, jewels, plants, and stars. Such beautiful comparisons were made, but the women were made out to be so unrealistic. Women had become a collection of objects rather than human, but Shakespeare shed some light on the matter at hand and presented a new way of thinking.
Society, for centuries, has revered poetry for its beauty, philosophy, and unique capability to reveal truth to the individual. One of the most prominent time periods that display society’s acclaim for poetry was within the Romantic period. Romanticism, according to the New World Encyclopedia, was “an artistic and intellectual movement that ran from the late eighteenth century through the nineteenth century. It stressed strong emotion as a source of aesthetic experience” (New World Encyclopedia, 2015). Romanticism glorified art, poetry, music, and nature.
Transcendentalism is called the American Renaissance, it followed the first Industrial Revolution and had many great leaders that pioneered it. Transcendentalism and Romanticism are similar and share great leaders, such as Nathaniel Hawthorne, but their ideals relate to man differently. Romanticism focuses on exploring the mortality and Transcendentalism focuses on exploring the spirit and individuality of man. The period of Transcendentalism grew during the 1800s and was led by people such as Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, and Nathaniel Hawthorne primarily, though Hawthorne was very involved in Romanticism. Emerson was mentor to Thoreau and taught him about Transcendentalism and about the exploration of the individual.
Rowshan Zamir (2000) compares Whitman with Sepehri. Innovation, personal style, freedom from rhyme and meter, new poetic diction and musicality are among the points of similarity. The author believes that the two poets employ stream of consciousness technique and that they are impressionist writers. Both are influenced by Eastern philosophy. Every day subjects and common ‘unpoetic’ language is among the points of
On the issue of the intellectual capabilities of women her views would have most in agreement with those of Beecher. As she fairly indicated in her landmark essay “the equality of the sexes” than men were in no way were superior to women and had no superior right to be able to subordinate the latter sex. Beecher too respected the rights of women as has been indicted in her story, “the yankee girl” when she rejects the offer of the rich aristocrat. The protagonist, Mary, made a conscious choice to reject the marriage proposal because she wanted to give her heart to someone who would rather appreciate her emotions rather makes her a mere ornamental appendage to their list of achievements and bears them as a
There are very few moments in peoples’ lives where they have the opportunity to do something that may actually affect change. While learning about the Romantic Era, I was introduced to a woman, by the name of Mary Wollstonecraft, who harnessed that rare moment when she wrote her manifesto: A Vindication of the Rights of Women; kick-starting the revolution of women’s rights. Her advocation for women’s rights to education equality lead to what we now know and are capable of today. This Humanities class has reinforced my beliefs that the social, political, legal, and economic rights of women equal to that of men is integral to the growth of our society.
The main art movement of the 18th century was the Romanticism movement that originated in Europe. The movement placed strong focus on the veneration of past and nature, individualism and emotion. This came partly in response to the Industrial Revolution and the Age of Enlightenment. Some key artists include Jane Austen, who wrote the Pride and Prejudice, William Blake with his notable work Songs of Innocence and of Experience as well as Victor Hugo with this famous novel Les Miserables. The key ideas of art then revolved around liberalism and radicalism, emphasising emotions such as apprehension and awe.
The Enlightenment was a pattern of thought that started during the 1600s and 1700s “that critically examined traditional ideas and institutions, privileged reason, and championed progress” according to The Bedford Glossary of Critical Terms (Murfin and Ray, “Enlightenment”). Romanticism was the era that immediately followed in the 1800s, and it was characterized by an emphasis on emotion, nature, and fantastical writing (Murfin and Ray, “Romanticism”). Many of the ideals of the Romantic era were almost opposite to the ideals of the Enlightenment. Because of this, Romanticism is the Hegelian antithesis to the ideals of the Enlightenment because it emphasized emotion over reason, nature’s beauty over its danger, and personal stories over general
Many women still don 't understand the hidden power that they have. “As we learn more and more to cherish our feelings, and to respect those hidden sources of power, true knowledge and lasting action follow” (Lorde, 1982, pg. 281). Beyoncé is a great example of how she was able to use her voice and really promote feminism.
Anti-Transcendentalism vs Transcendentalism The writings of anti-transcendentalist authors, like Poe or Hawthorne, have a few obvious differences from the writings by transcendentalist authors, like Emerson and Thoreau, including differences in the mood and the way nature is depicted. All the stories by the anti-transcendentalists are characterized by their dark, cynical mood. For example, Poe’s short story “The Cask of Amontillado” is about a man who traps his friend inside a tomb and leaves him to die. Not only does this story have a disturbing plot, it is also full of dark, creepy imagery, like the description of the setting inside the crypt.
The song “Brave,” by Sara Bareilles strongly relates to this quote by Emerson. Throughout this song there are many lyrics that go along with the Transcendentalism philosophy. For example, when Sara says, “You can be amazing… you can be the outcast… or you can start speaking up.” This relates back to Transcendentalism because they highly believe in being able to be yourself and not let other people bring you down. By being amazing, you need to speak what you believe and not care what society thinks.
There are many different transcendentalist characteristics. Some of the characteristics would be self reliance. In civil disobedience people are relying on themselves. People need to be more self reliant. There are to many people in the world who rely on others.