Compare The Background And Main Features Of Humanistic Buddhism And Engaged Buddhism?

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2. Compare the background and main features of Humanistic Buddhism and Engaged Buddhism. In this essay, I will first compare the background of Humanistic Buddhism and Engaged Buddhism by looking into their time of happening, history background, reasons of emergence and their development in recent years. Next, I would compare the significant similarities and differences of Humanistic Buddhism and Engaged Buddhism. Background Humanistic Buddhism “Humanistic Buddhism” is a form of Buddhism that emphasises on cultivating one’s compassion through daily practice. It aims to shape a harmonious society by giving helping hands to those in need (What is Humanistic Buddhism, 2015). “Humanistic Buddhism” (rensheng fojiao) was first introduced by the Master Ven. Taixu in the early 20th century in China. Taixu was a famous Buddhist modernist who promoted the reform and renewal of Chinese Buddhism by pioneering the term “Buddhism for Human Life” in China, in which the terms “Buddhism for Human World” and “Humanistic Buddhism” were usually interchangeable (Sik, 2016). The two words, “human” and “life”, were given emphasis so as to specify his criticisms of some aspects of late Ming dynasty and early Republican Chinese Buddhism that he wanted to correct, which were the overemphasis on spirits and ghost, and the overemphasis on funeral services and rites in Chinese Buddhism. At that time, Taixu believed that Chinese Buddhism was overly focused on death, funerals and future lives and

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