The main aim of this essay is to compare and contrast two of the most enlightening theorists that have added a different perspective to the study of personality in the realm of psychology. The paper aims to expound on the two theories by firstly drawing comparison and then elucidating the disparity between the Behaviorist approach by Burrhup Frederic Skinner and the social learning approach to the study of personality by Albert Bandura. The two theorists at first will be explained separately in order to provide a general understand of the two different approaches . However it is important to first start by defining what is meant by the theories of personality. According to Borere (2006:5) a theory is a modelled reality that assist us to understand, clarify, envisage and control a reality.
Personality is a major study in the topics of psychology ; this important branch in psychology Is called personality psychology , and the psychologist tries to understand the thoughts , the emotions, the psychological reactions , and at the end they try to predict the human behavior , and this could be reversed , so they can conclude the other three by studying the human behavior very well . each individual’s personality is characterized by these four elements . The study of personality has a very old history ; it goes back to the Hippocrates when they recorded the first known model of personalities discovered by Galen . this theory was depending on four humors they are: blood , mucus, black bile and yellow bile . The personality in this model was highly related to the human body until the first noted physiologist Wilhelm Wundt who cleared the theory by the clear differentiation he made between the human body and the personality in the late 19th or the early 20th century .
Wundt and Titchener 's structuralism played a role in the drive to make psychology a more experimental science, while James ' functionalism helped concentrate psychology on the process of actually solving real problems By understanding the focus of structuralism and functionalism, you can pick up a more prominent appreciation how psychology at the point it is today. The two theories utilize the investigation of the human consciousness at its base; the ways in which these studies are conveyed forward is starkly different. The fact that they are the predecessors of the varied schools of thought in psychology, guarantees that they secure a special place in the study of this
Mentalism is a term that refers to those branches of study which concentrate on mental perception and thought processes of an individual like cognitive psychology. This is in opposition to disciplines that believe that study of psychology should focus on the structure of causal relationships and conditioned responses, through scientific methods and experimentation. Throughout the history of psychology, mentalism and behaviorism clashed, with one another representing the dominant pattern of psychological investigation at different times. Mentalism or behaviorism neither of them are mutually exclusive, these are the elements dominating each other which can be seen equally, perhaps more of the modern times compared to the psychology of over a
Personality Theory Blog Personality, some define this as the characteristics and qualities that make a person who they are. Someone’s personality makes up a big part of who they are and, also determines how they will possibly react to certain situations. Typically, personality is what people remember about an individual after they have first met them. There are traits in a person that come out in their personality that make them who they are. The personality theory that looks deeper into the traits that make up an individual’s personality is individual psychology also known as the trait theory.
Freud was an influential psychoanalyst during his time. However, his theories were filled with many logical flaws. The main one being that his findings were unscientific since it could not be proven right or wrong. Yet, it was applicable during his time to explain mental illness such as Hysteria. Erikson another psychoanalysis theory was developed because it was something more applicable in psycho-analytics in comparison to his preceder Freud.
Another book is ‘Introduction to Psychoanalysis’ or ‘Vorlesungen zur Einführung in die Psychoanalyse’, which is one of the eminent works of Freud. In this book, he outlines his premise about the theory of psychoanalysis, including the unconscious mind, theory of neuroses and dreams (Sigmund Freud, (n.d.)). Therefore, by publishing his books, the society has more ideas about what his theories are all about. In summary, Sigmund Freud is known for his brilliant mind, his influence to the society by his theories, and his recognition by his books. By influencing us with his works in art, literature, psychology, science, anthropology and much more, Sigmund Freud has a great contribution to the society since their century until today.
However, in this essay I will only deal with the three prominent theories, which are, Psycho-analytic theory, Behavioral theory and Humanistic theory. The first part of this essay will evaluate the Psychoanalytic theory by Sigmund Freud. Psychoanalytical theory defined and evaluated the development and structure of personality. Freud believed human nature is basically deterministic. People were helped to gain an insight into their unconscious thoughts by making them conscious which made easy the release of their repressed emotions and experiences and therefore getting cured and unsolved issues being solved.
However, in this essay I will only deal with the three prominent theories, which are, Psycho-analytic theory, Behavioral theory and Humanistic theory. The first part of this essay will evaluate the Psychoanalytic theory by Sigmund Freud. Psychoanalytical theory defined and evaluated the development and structure of personality. Freud believed human nature is basically deterministic. People were helped to gain an insight into their unconscious thoughts by making them conscious which made easy the release of
Psychoanalytic theory is a standout amongst the most well-known treatment modalities, however it is additionally a standout amongst the most misconstrued by mental wellbeing buyers. This sort of treatment is based upon the speculations and work of Sigmund Freud, who established the school of thought known as psychoanalysis (Cherry, 2014).Psychoanalysis is defined as an approach to examine the depth of one’s personality (Corey, 2013). The key concepts of psychoanalytic theory are the view of human nature, structure of personality, consciousness and the unconscious, anxiety and ego-defence mechanisms (Corey, 2013).These next few paragraphs will highlight these concepts. The viewpoint of human nature by Freud is deterministic. Freud accepts