Compare Vygotsky And Cognitive Development

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Introduction Cognitive development is a field of study in both psychology and neuroscience which focuses on the development of a child based on their ability to use mental processes to think and reason. The findings of Lev Vygotsky have become the basis of much research and theory on cognitive development over the past few decades. Body Vygotsky and Piaget both agreed that a child does not absorb knowledge passively, but rather through active participation. Vygotsky believed that children’s cognitive skills were acquired through socially interacting with the adults and children surrounding them. These interactions with “more knowledgeable others” results in active learning. Vygotsky’s theories stress the importance of social interaction…show more content…
He believed that there was a definite relationship between cognitive and language development. An important question researched by Vygotsky was whether thought preceded language or vice versa and what the relationship between thought and language was. Initially his theory suggested that language and thought were separate processes and he believed that at the age of two, language and thought became related and language herewith begins to have a big influence on cognitive and social development. Vygotsky believed that language development was due to the process and influence of culture. Vygotsky therefore believed that cognitive development was derived from conversation and dialogue with society especially from the input of more knowledgeable others. This contrasts Piaget who believed that cognitive development is a result of interaction with one’s environment. Vygotsky described the differences between elementary and higher mental functions as elementary level functions being naturalistic behaviours which we develop through experience, whereas higher mental functions are not acquired though experience, but through leaning i.e. Paying attention memory,…show more content…
Knowledge that children learn about the world is determined by their social interactions and settings. Children learn through interaction with others who share the same social settings e.g. a child who is raised in a predominantly catholic environment would possess strong views against abortion due to culture affecting knowledge, learning, and viewpoints. Contrasting this view Piaget believes that culture remains constant across most cultures of the world, he often receives criticism for these views and due to this, learning would be constant across cultures which I believe to be untrue. Vygotsky explains that culture is a framework in which meaning is
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