McCarthyism, a broad political campaign during the mid-twentieth century against suspected Communists in influential positions throughout America, had severe implications on the American political landscape. In what ways did McCarthyism impact politics during the time period of 1946-1953? McCarthyism impacted politics during 1946 - 1953 by allowing politicians to run on claims without evidence, the use of legislative actions, and through the rise of Nixon. Politicians and political groups were able to run on claims without evidence, a core principle of McCarthyism. On February 9, 1950 Senator Joseph McCarthy first grabbed the attention of the public by claiming that he had a list of 57 cases of Communism.
Senator Joseph McCarthy was a merciless politician who would be censured by the Senate in 1954 for his false accusations. However, his political journey throughout the country had a significant impact on the American public. Americans let fear override their conscious and allowed a bully to insert panic into their minds. McCarthy’s crusade was powerful and convinced the naive public during a time of war to question their own government without sufficient
Straying from this new way was an act of communism, meaning an outrageous amount of things could result in arrest. Joking about communism, complaining or speaking ill of the country, not showing respect to authority figures, or merely looking strange could lead to one being arrested as a political prisoner. This means that practically anyone could be falsely arrested and “The Nazis persecuted non-Jewish German opponents both real and perceived” (Political Prisoners). Not only were people of different religious backgrounds being taken away left
Thesis: Light is symbolic of realism or to put it cruder the ugly reality. Darkness is symbolic of fantasy or the fabrication created by characters. Introduction: Throughout the play and film adaptation of, A Streetcar Named Desire, we view the main characters progression throughout the thought provoking story. Specifically, we see Blanche Dubois lose touch with reality as she avoids the light and attempts to manipulate the other characters. Blanche is fearful of the light because of her traumatic past that she has faced.
The background and the environment where a person lives in form his personality, behavior, actions and reactions. In the play Crucible Abigail was a victim of the society and the environment. Abigail was always under pressure by the rules the society enforces on her she got under pressure to the extent that she went completely to the opposite direction. Is she a true evil person? Was she born evil, or the society has changed her to an evil person.
In Lameman’s terms, it was a method to expose supposed communists who infiltrated the United States. McCarthy was notorious for making false allegations and accusations to attract attention to his policy, brainwashing Americans into believing their country was being intruded by communists. A large majority of McCarthy’s accusations were backed up by little or next to no evidence, “HUAC’s circuslike investigations and unproved accusations left a trail of shattered reputations and broken lives”. This was seen especially in the case of Air Force Reserve Milo Radulovich, who was discharged from the force due to supposedly having family who were Communist sympathizers. When trialled, a sealed envelope was present with supposed evidence but was never opened.
All of these factors combined to create an fearful and dreadful atmosphere, which provided a ripe environment for the rise of committed anti communist, Joseph McCarthy, who for many Americans was “the most enduring symbol of this ‘Red Scare’”(“Joseph R.”). “McCarthy 's power to stir fears of creeping Communism was not entirely based on illusion, of course; the paranoid, real or pretended, always secretes its pearl around a grain of fact”, he spent almost five years trying in vain to expose communists and other “loyalty risks” in the U.S. government, suggestion of disloyalty was enough to convince many Americans of the traitors and spies in their government. (“Joseph R.”). Senator Joseph McCarthy rose to national
Research shows that “the NKVD had its eyes on the rich peasants, academics, artists, and scientists. The purge was also directed against national minorities” (Budanovic 7). This explains who was targeted by Stalin’s agents - anyone who could have the knowledge of how to, or the idea, take control of the country from him. By targeting Russia’s critical thinkers, he was eliminating ‘threats’ to his power, and removing dangerous people with dangerous minds from the public eye. Placing the blame on foreigners, by taking the minories residing in Russia, turned the loyal Stalinists against other nationalities, keeping the facts of the arrests relatively contained.
Convict communists were ordered to confess their crime and name others to avoid the retribution. The new decision led to a cyclone of accusations because people realized the possibility of their condemnation regardless they were guilty or innocent. Many helped that system by untrue confessions to save their lives. Miller, among others, refused to surrender to questioning. People who were revealed communists suffered greatly (Bly 2-5).
Orwell’s personal experiences fighting against Franco in the Spanish Civil War planted the seeds for his anti-Fascist/Totalitarian political view. Orwell fought against Franco’s regime under a non-stalin left wing militia called the Workers’ Party of Marxist Unification(1984). He originally planned to fight exclusively against Fascism, but pro-stalin forces branded his party as traitors (1984). This led to the state charging Orwell with treason which prompted him to flee the country along with his wife.This conviction also revealed to him his true enemy, not Fascism or Communism, but Totalitarianism(Newsinger). Many readers of the novel fail to realize this and simply understand it as a warning against Fascism.
During his career Hoover made many enemies, however his rivalry with senator Joseph McCarthy was perhaps one of the most important. John Edgar Hoover, being the secretive man he was, supplies information to HUAC and senator McCarthy, and therefore, unintentionally helped spread McCarthyism in the United States during the Cold War (Thom and Jung 347). At first, Hoover viewed McCarthy as a friend and thought McCarthy felt likewise, as Tim Weiner states. McCarthy however began attacking numerous people and organizations with accusations. McCarthy’s attacks soon began threatening national security, causing Hoover to perform damage control (184).
Some innocent people were afraid that they might be accused of being an extremist. State and local police, military intelligence, private detective companies, and federal agencies like FBI formed and acted as law enforcement agent groups to target against foreigners, radicals and labor unions. McCarthy and his team accused many individuals of being communists and many Americans lost their jobs due to the accusations. The situation of fear and panic instigated by McCarthyism led thousands of Americans to sign loyalty oaths, many innocent people were imprisoned and some of the foreigners were deported from the
They also believed that movies and television shows were attempting to get Americans to support communism by using propaganda. Screenwriters, musicians, actors, directors, and other entertainment professionals were subpoenaed by the HUAC because of their suspected political beliefs or associations. If they rejected answering questions in investigations by “pleading the Fifth”, they were blacklisted. When someone in Hollywood was blacklisted they were denied employment and banned from work. Nobody wanted to employ anyone who was suspected of being affiliated with the communist party.
Covert Action describes the situations in Iran, Chile, South Vietnam, and Guatemala when the U.S. government invaded and overthrew popularly elected leaders. The government justified these actions by claiming that these countries were falling under a communist influence. In reality, the goal of these actions was to protect American businesses in these countries. This rationalization was used to prove to the public that the actions were necessary. In all of these instances, the overthrow of strong leaders by the United States caused many problems that are still being dealt with
McCarthyism is the practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence. McCarthyism is one of the main reasons for the start of the Red Scare, a time when the people of the United States fear communists, socialists,