The purpose of this paper is to examine recidivism and public perception. Every year thousands of ex-offenders are returned to prison for a variety of reasons. Many jurisdictions lack the resources for ex-offenders to have a successful return to society (James, 2011). The disadvantages of recidivism effects not only the lives of felons, but also their families and surrounding communities. Recidivism occurs when a person has been previously incarcerated, and later released, reoffends, and returns to the correctional system.
By this time, many Mexican immigrants ended up being arrested and imprisoned based on Senator Blease’s proposal. Second to liquor charges, immigration charges had the second-largest population of incarcerated people. This led to the three federal prisons (at the time) to become overcrowded (Hernandez
In 1971, 1 out of 12 Americans were incarcerated. Since that time, the prisoner ratio has exponentially increased; today, that ratio is 1 out of 51. With that number continuing to rise, many problems result out of it. Prison overcrowding is a growing problem in the United States. The number of people being taken in has regressive effects on the purpose behind imprisonment.
Homelessness and Functionalism The social problem that I chose was homelessness. Homelessness has increased by 8% since 2011-2012 to more than 225,000 people in 2014-15 and in 2011 censers 105,237 people where homeless. As also the unemployment rate and the domestic violence rate which both are increasing as well as these are some of the big factors . The biggest reason homelessness is domestic violence. We look are homelessness and functionalism and how on a macro leave how it affects homeless.
What are the stats? Ark of hope for children reports there are an estimated 600,000 to 800,000 victims of human trafficking being sold and traded off every year internationally. With 50% led to believe to be children.In the U.S alone there are an estimated 14,500 to 17,500 people trafficked every year ranging from adults to even infants. Since 2012 there have been about 20.9 victims of trafficking with 1.5 million being here in the U.S. It is such a successful industry making $32 billion in all 50 states.
RTC 1- Article 28: Bobo, Thompson, “Racialized Mass Incarceration: Rounding Up the Usual Suspects” Article 28 in RTC discusses the steep rise of incarceration rates in the United States and how they are extremely racially unbalanced. For over 50 years, the incarceration rate of males in this country remained fairly constant. In the 80’s we see a drastic rise of incarceration rates that continue to present (Bobo &Thompson, 227). Why has the number of prisoners and rates of incarceration skyrocketed? The answer to this question is multifaceted.
Impact of Solitary Confinement on Juvenile Offenders According to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, the number of juveniles held in adult facilities has quadrupled since 1990 and ranges from seventy to ninety percent of the proportion of inmates. Approximately, two hundred thousand minors are sentenced to juvenile facilities, jails, and prisons (Rodriquez, 2016). Many of these juveniles are held in solitary confinement. Today the term solitary confinement has been replaced with segregation or restrictive housing to make it seem as if this indeterminate punishment is not as severe. These terms are often used interchangeably.
Parental Incarceration: The Impact on Families The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world, over 2 million people are in the nation's penitentiary facilities across the country. Within this figure there are an estimated 900,000 prisoners in the country's penitentiaries that were parents of minor children or children under the legal adulthood, estimated 1,706,600 minor children, accounting for 2.3% of the nation's population (Glaze & Maruschak, 2008). When a parent is sent to prison, many dimensions of the family dynamic alters significantly, the effect of incarceration is not restricted to those serving time for their committed crime but can influence children through the emotional and behavioral social stigmas and the social stigma from financial instability. Instrumental/Technical:
This problem is getting worse and worse by the years and even former president Barrack Obama commented- “Over the last few decades, we’ve locked up more and more nonviolent offenders than ever before. Longer than ever before and that is the real reason our prison population is so high.” The United States has imprisoned more than 25 percent of all the prisoners in the world, even though we only have about 5 percent of the world’s population.
Nowadays, as divorce has become socially accepted, the figures have grown. According to the article “The American Family”, nearly 50 % of marriages in the United States end up in divorce. This fully affects the idea of traditional marriage because, from those divorces, new uncommon family structures emerge, such as, single father or mother parenting families. Moreover, according to a study called, “An International Look at the Single- Parent family” by Ludger Woesmann, “in the United States, in 2012, 21 percent of 15-year-old students lived in single-parent families […] this puts the United States at the top among the countries.” These figures illustrate the social change society is going through and how the concept of an ideal family structure is becoming obsolete nowadays as well. Is this a negative change?