Khand 3 1 Khand Diya Professor Sharifian GOVT-2305-73431 11th Feb 2018 Civil rights and Civil Liberties “It is a fair summary of constitutional history that the landmarks of our liberties have often been forged in cases involving not very nice people” (www.ushistory.org). However, the role that they played are the result of many civil rights and civil liberties that Americans enjoy today. 2 Civil rights and civil liberties are kind a same but holding a different values and terms. Both of these words come across as being the declaration of Independence and the bill of rights. But, both refer to the different kinds of rights and guarantees.
3. Compare and contrast the idea of democracy in Ancient Greece and Rome. Which system was more democratic and why? Democracy is the modern day standard for governmental systems. However up until 500 BCE, the concept of Democracy was a foreign concept, and the great civilizations of that era were run by monarchs, aristocrats, and religious leaders of sorts.
Benjamin Franklin was one of the founding fathers of America. Being such, he helped create the constitution in America. One of the striking aspects of this document was the focus on freedom, including freedom of religion. In his Autobiography part 2, Franklin demonstrates his gift of irony once again as he points out the lack of freedom that organized religion allows its followers. In his view, the absence of moral teachings renders the religious establishment obsolete as an inspiration and source to good morality.
The Constitution—the foundation of the American government—has been quintessential for the lives of the American people for over 200 years. Without this document America today would not have basic human rights, such as those stated in the Bill of Rights, which includes freedom of speech and religion. To some, the Constitution was an embodiment of the American Revolution, yet others believe that it was a betrayal of the Revolution. I personally believe that the Constitution did betray the Revolution because it did not live up to the ideals of the Revolution, and the views of the Anti-Federalists most closely embodied the “Spirit of ‘76.” During the midst of the American Revolution, authors and politicians of important documents, pamphlets, and slogans spread the basis for Revolutionary ideals and defined what is known as the “Spirit of ‘76”. Thomas Jefferson in particular wrote the Declaration of Independence, which stated “that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator
From a non-subjective viewpoint, a democracy is allowing the people to have power and some control over the country. A Republic — which the Roman Republic was — on the other hand, is similar to what a democracy is except it protects the minority rights from the majorities. So, from the viewpoint of Roman Republic, a democracy is allowing the people in the Assemblies to grant office to those that deserve it, having the final say in passing or repealing laws, and making the final decision on peace or war. The Roman Republic did give evidence that they are a democracy such as allowing people the ability to vote and letting the people choose, however, there's also evidence on the Roman Republic not being democratic. Either side of the argument the claim is the Roman Republic was democratic.
“The assembly also passed laws and made decisions for war.”(Brand, n.d.) Both Athens and Sparta agreed that every government operated better under an established law. Every grouping of people, needed order to thrive and the masses needed something to dictate what they could and could not do, so their had to be something that stated both social and legal boundaries. Both city-states agreed on that and found a way to make a government that worked best for their established guidelines, both also decided to exclude women and slaves from their governmental structures and felt that an established grouping of selected men would be in power. The differences between these two city-states would be that, “Aristocratic cities like Sparta were oligarchies. (Brand, n.d.)” meaning the ruling of a few.
Thoreau had many several ideas of what is known as Americana or the American Dream. Even though there were many ideas there was only one that really stood out. Thoreau said that the legislature or government often does more harm than help, and therefore, people should act on their own accords and live life individually. Likewise he said that, by this technique of living, individuals would learn how to function as human beings as they were meant to together, without the government getting in the way. In his essay Resistance to Civil Government, it largely relates to the modern American Dream.
He thought that the government would be given too much power. His thoughts on the injustices in the Constitution greatly influenced the making of the Bill of Rights. At the time, Federalists argued that the Constitution didn’t need a bill of rights, due to the fact that the people and states kept any powers not given to the federal government, but Anti-Federalists said that a bill of rights was necessary to safeguard individual liberty. So when the Bill of Rights was made it listed prohibitions on governmental power and the rights that were granted to people. When the Bill of Rights was adopted into the Constitution it was became the fundamental rights of all citizens in 1791.
This is why Augustus sets up these new laws, in order to try to elongate the life of the Empire. “The Rape of Lucretia” reflects Roman values through Lucretia and her actions, and even though it take place around four hundred years before Augustus, he would have seen it was a guide to the importance of balance between power, and those sacred Roman
Throughout history there have been many political changes that are either supported, or not, by citizens. In the given passage from, "Civil Disobedience," by Thoreau, a perspective of disagreeing with the government ways, is provided. Thoreau explains how a government should be in comparison to how it really is by utilizing his words to set the tone and mode, imagery to achieve his audience's understanding, and diction to make his writing scholarly. Although tone and mode are not directly stated, you can infer that Thoreau meant for his writing to be taken as serious and powerful. His implementation of words such as, "inexpedient," "execute," " integrity," and "command," makes one think about their lawful rights and reflect on what rights are supported or