Cyrus the Great was born some time in between 580 to 590 B.C.E., but information about him did not emerge until 550 B.C.E. (Stockdale) Cyrus originally took over Medes, but several years later, he conquered and joined together Lydia, Cilicia, Croesus and Media to create the Achaemenid period of Persia. One of Cyrus’ greatest gestures that he performed was when he took over Babylon. Babylon at the time was ruled by a cruel king, and after Cyrus took over, he set free about 40,000 Hebrew slaves. Each empire was founded by different people and in
The Persian Empire was the first great hyperpower that this world has seen, and impacted the world in many different ways. Amy Chua defines a hyperpower as a world dominant power that clearly surpasses all its competitors. The Persian Empire, or the Achaemenid Empire, was founded in 6th century BC in the Middle East, and eventually became the world’s most powerful and diverse empire. Hyperpowers, like Persia, can bring with them many positive and negative effects to the world. The Persian Empire had many more pros than cons as a hyperpower in terms of its political, economic, and social impact.
The Persian Empire was the most powerful empire of its time with two great rulers. These two rulers were Cyrus II and Darius III. Which ruled the Persian Empire with great force of action but also with the understanding of others when it was needed and there culture. Now which leads me to say that I believe the best ruler in my eyes was the founder of the Persian Empire which is Cyrus the Great because he understood his opponents.
Cyrus II was the more effective emperor in military achievements, because he greatly expanded the Persian Empire by conquering many lands, and kept people from rebelling in these conquered kingdoms with leniency and wisdom. Cyrus ruled from 558-529 BCE, and was “the founder of the great Persian Empire.” First, Cyrus vastly expanded the empire by defeating his three biggest rivals: Medea, Lydia, and Babylon. There was a balance of power between these four kingdoms that prevented one from dominating and defeating the rest. Cyrus broke this.
Like stated in our book, “Hammurabi’s Code covers a broad spectrum of moral, social, and commercial obligations (pg. 26).” When comparing Hammurabi’s code and todays laws, there are some clear similarities and differences. Although for the most part, both work as a way of punishing a crime.
Under the rule of Alexander the Great the empire reached its highest point. Alexander successfully conquered a huge piece of land all the way to the Indus river making it the most powerful empire during the time of the Macedonian Empire. The way the Macedonian Empire was able to conquer this land was because of Alexander’s leadership and his strong powerful army overpowered the other armies he was going against. The reason the Macedonian Empire fell was because of the start of the Roman Empire. When the Roman Empire started you could see a decline in the Macedonian empire which later
When the Abbasids moved the capital of the Arab Empire to Baghdad which was in the center of trade routes the Abbasids and the Arab Empire became rich. This led to a time of prosperity in the Arab Empire which allowed the development of new things such as buildings and Medicine. The Arab Empire was successful in trade, but the Hittites were successful with their military. The Hittites achieved great accomplishments with their military by defeating many civilizations and empires such as Egypt and Persia. They were the only civilization that mastered the use of chariots and iron tools which gave them a major advantage when it came to
Such as militarism and how it made countries compete in having the stronger and larger army. Alliances and how countries came together and formed alliances against other countries that did the same. Imperialism and how empires took over land and other countries took take control and have more power. Lastly, nationalism and how propaganda was used to promote information. These causes created such an event that impacted the world so strongly.
As well as discussing the aspects there is also the varying empires themselves. One of which is the Spanish empire and the smaller empires within the Spanish empire. This was one of the strongest empires due to capturing land and winning battles. There is also the Portuguese empire which is close to the Spanish empire and features mostly down Africa and also large ownership in Central and South America. Later, the British and Dutch empire came into play due to the amount of money the Dutch made in exports due to having great profitable products.
Because the Golden Ages in Athens and in the Gupta Empire successfully achieved maximum potential in politics, economics and culture resulted in a prosperous, powerful nation that lasted many years. In Athens and the Gupta Empire both governments had similar ways of dividing the government. Pericles, the leader of the direct democracy in Athens, distributed power by dividing the government into three sections: the Boule, the Ekklesia, and the Dikasteria. This would allow certain laws be passed by certain branches. Likewise, Chandragupta II, the ruler of the Gupta Empire decided to rule a bureaucratic government by dividing the empire into different provinces.
All empires in history had a high in their history but they all eventually came to their demise. The Ottoman Empire and the Ming Dynasty both had ways they gained, consolidated and maintained their power while they were at their highest point. They had significant leaders that lead to these successful points. The Ottoman Empire covered parts of Asia, Europe and Africa controlled by their leader named Suleiman.