However, in reality not every marriage is a functional one. Society plays a huge role on the repression that enforce in marriage. Individuals are more accepting of marriage now and understand that every person does not necessarily want to marry but unhappy and feel trapped. Perhaps the in the "The Story of an Hour" and "The Yellow Wallpaper" the husbands might of love their wives and the feeling might of being mutual, but since it all took place in a different time period where society harshly criticizes women for not being married or for leaving the marriage they were in. Both women in the stories directly have a problem with the institution of marriage and feel like society is the one in charge of trapping women into marriage.
Why most women’s desires had to be repressed in the patriarchal social order? Were they happy in their marriages without a minimal freedom? The desire of one individual cannot be suppressed and cannot be controlled by others. However, women in the past society were usually being repressed their desires and even they were suffered from lacking of freedom in the patriarchal social. In the Kate Chopin’s stories, the author focuses on woman’s desire against patriarchal rules and the rediscovery of female desires.
The joyous behavior and the use of the term “free”, shows a woman who felt captive in the role of wife. Although the way she was acting was not considered proper, and was not the behavior expected from the newly, grieving widow. She stated, “I will live for myself,” which leads us to believe that until then she lived for her husband (Chopin 2). The “Story of an Hour” depicts the role of a woman as a servant to their husband. As if, they only lived, breathed, and functioned because of their husbands and their role as a wife.
In “The Story of an Hour” we are reminded that “women should attach themselves to their husbands,” in this case Louise did not do this with her husband ( Wan 167). Louise would “break the shackles of the patriarchal culture as she comprehends that she can “live for herself” instead of living the life that her husband “sanctions for her,” she realizes in this quote that she no longer belongs to anybody but herself (Jamil 219). In “The Story of Hour” Kate Chopin not only shows us how women were treated and how women were “controlled” by their husbands, but also that this story was written from a feminist point of view and “can be also be read as a criticism of
Mrs. Mallard’s conflict reflect the situation of many women in that era because women in that time that was married lived under the husband identity, didn’t have much freedom, and were trap in marriage. Women in that era stayed in marriage even if they were unhappy. Even though Mrs. Mallard loved her husband it seems as she no longer cared to be in her marriage any longer. “But she saw beyond the bitter moment a long procession of years to come that would belong to her absolutely. And she opened and spread her arms out to them in welcome.” (Chopin, 1894, 16).
Calixta meanwhile differs and even though she appears to love her husband, she is unfaithful to him with her ex boyfriend Alcee. Both the women want to obtain freedom, although to a different degree. Louise Mallard is looking forward to long-term freedom from her husband, while Calixta only seems interested in a brief moment of freedom
Also, in the 1800’s men thought of women as a personal servant and the quote above identifies that perfectly. Additionally, the women in that time frame had no choice on who they married. Even if, the woman hated the man they had no say in whether to marry them or not. In feminist writers Kate Chopin and Charlotte Perkins Stetson short stories “The Story of an Hour” and
While, we can assume work produced by the husband is very important for his family. Simone continues to state, “…her [the married women] occupation makes her dependent upon her husband and children: she is justified through them; but in their lives she is only inessential intermediary” (384). In the final analysis, it is apparent that the treatment of a married women in the mid-1900s was poor. They were not credited for their hard work and contributions in and out of home. "The Married Woman" is a chapter in Simone de Beauvoir’s book, The Second Sex, which demonstrates her negative thoughts about marriage and the overall treatment of a married woman.
This novel, The Awakening, is about a woman named Edna Pontellier learns to think of herself as an independent human being. Also, Edna Pontellier refuses to obey against the social norms by leaving her husband Leónce Pontellier and having an affair with Robert Lebrun. Kate Chopin describes societal expectations and the battle of fitting the mold of motherhood in the Awakening by how Edna Pontellier and Adele Ratignolle contribute to their family in different ways. Edna Pontellier’s attitude toward motherhood is that she is not a perfect mother-women. Adele Ratignolle’s attitude toward motherhood is that she is a perfect mother-women.
A lot of the time if the in-laws criticize the young women or her family, she has to silently hear it especially if her husband is unsupportive and another factor if she is not educated. There are still some in-laws and husbands who even in these days don’t want their daughter in-law or wife to work in fear that they will be more independent. Oppression of Women is seen all over communities and societies for various reasons. Sometimes it is due to capitalistic society that women have to make decision to limit their fertility in order to be able to work. The question there is why only women have to take the responsibility and not men as well.