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Comparing Freud's Theory And Lord Of The Flies

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Anna Durall
Mrs. Beauchamp
4th Hour Humanities
10/17/16
Freud’s Theory & Lord of the Flies

William Golding’s Lord of the Flies paints a greater picture than one might see at first glance. His thought-provoking story makes a reader question ideas like innocence, love, hate, good, and evil. Many theories have been constructed in attempts to understand these concepts, specifically the notion of evil. One such theory is Freud’s concept of the id, ego and superego. What happened in Lord of The Flies is best explained by this theory. The first notable connection between novel and theory is exemplified by Jack. His character seems to be respectable in the beginning of the book, until he finds himself embarrassed by not being able to kill a pig. From this point on he is consumed by his unconscious needs and
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In Lord of the Flies, Simon represents the superego. From the beginning of the book it is apparent that Simon is different. While discussing Simon’s disappearance, Ralph tells Jack “He’s queer. He's funny.” (55). The other boys are unable to understand Simon because they don't have as strong a moral sense as Simon. He helps the “littleuns” get food, and gives Piggy his share of food when no one else will. Also, he often escapes to a secret place of his in the forest. Here he is able to process the events happening on the island without distraction from the other boys. Simon also is the first to realize the the Beast is not an animal and instead is the evil that is inside of each and every one of them. Simon’s imagination creates “the Lord of the Flies” which talks to him. “Fancy thinking the beast was something you could hunt and kill! You knew didn't you? I'm part of you? Close, close, close! I'm the reason why it’s no go? Why things are what they are?” (143). This is Simon realizing that the boys are acting evil because of their fear. Simons death represents the loss of morality and innocence on the
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