Defeat struck the Aztec Empire in 1521 when Hernan Cortes and his army invaded and conquered Tenochtitlan, bringing the end of the great civilization. Could the Aztecs have done something before, something that could have changed the way the Empire had come to an end? Geography helped in a major way, surrounding the Aztecs with protection from Mt.Popocatepetl and Mt.Iztaccihuatl . The weapons and war strategies that the Aztecs used were very well planned and could have defeated the Spanish. Even so, Montezuma, the emperor of the Aztecs, had to ruin the victory.
Both of these people committed these atrocities in the name of Spain and their country. In order to discover riches and find new flourishing land for the taking. These expeditions did affect their pocket book, giving them treasure from exploring and demolishing the Aztecs and Incas. This certainly impacted the Americas, as there isn’t an Aztec or Inca empire anymore. They came upon the indigenous people with
In Spain, the royalty and the venturesome citizens had something in common; a desire for gold and power. The conquistadors of the Spanish Conquest obliterated ancient Native American nations in The Americas using weapons, strategies, and other occurrences. Whilst the goals of the Spaniards may not have been remarkably vicious, they ended up completely leveling progressive nations and spoiling decades or more of advancements in everything from mathematics to philosophy. My research has brought upon three topics: the goals of the Spanish Conquest, the stories of the Native American empires, and the destruction of said empires. As has been noted, the Spanish conquistadors wanted gold and exorbitant commodities.
- “Black Legend”- False concept held that the conquerors merely tortured and butchered the Indians, stole their gold, infected them with smallpox, and left little but misery behind. - Spanish did erect a colossal empire, sprawling from California and Florida to Tierra del Fuego. - Spanish would fuse with the Indians, as to the English would shun
1) The Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro belongs to murder and violence and does not belong to arts, and his expeditions prove that. 2) Francisco Pizarro who conquered the Inca was a violence supporter, and his aim was the wealth and power, as a result of that he was killed in a violence way by his people. That prove that every human being behind his favor. 3) Francisco Pizarro creates a new type of art, the art of invasion of the Inca Empire.
The wars of independence in Latin marked the end of Spanish dominance in much of the Americas. While those rebellions were successful, there are stories of previous revolts that did not end with independence from Spanish rule. A prime example of these less successful uprisings is the Tupac Amaru Rebellion in the Andes during the late 1700s, in which the Kuraka leader Jose Gabriel Tupac Amaru led an uprising against the Spanish authorities in retaliation to forced labor and taxes imposed upon the Indigenous population. Those oppressive conditions were caused by the Bourbon reforms, a set of policies implemented by the Spanish crown on its South American colonies in order to keep a tight grip on the colonies and prevent British aggression in
Other European countries quickly followed suit and began to explore and invade the New World. The Spanish conquistadors invaded areas of Central and South America looking for riches, ultimately destroying the powerful Aztec and Inca cultures. The course of New World explorations was deeply affected by the invaders’ interactions with indigenous groups—interactions that, through a combination of violence and disease, resulted in massive declines in indigenous populations. As it was made clear by the accounts of Bishop Bartolomé de las Casas, these explorers treated the indigenous people with excruciatingly harsh and cruel behavior. Bartolomé de las Casas accounts that the loss of life was so great during these times that multiple islands were nearly devoid of all human life.
It was 1532 when Pizzaro set foot on Incan territory. The Incas declared war upon the Spanish and a battle soon commenced. But the battle was one sided, the majority of the blood shed was from the Incas and not the Conquistadors but was instead from the Incas. The battle was in no way fair as the Spanish had horses, steel, guns, books and germs on their side. Understanding why the explorers had an advantage over the explored is crucial to understanding why todays developed countries are the way they are and have an economical advantage over some countries.
The Bourbon reforms that restricted Creole control and the influential Catholic Church, inter alia, sparked the conflict and incentivized revolt. Civilians fought the war using Guerilla tactics successfully and Roman Catholic priests such as Father Hidalgo and later Father Morelos led the movement using their influence over the Mexican people. The cost of independence was high for Mexico and much of their industry was heavily damaged, especially their mining and agricul-tural industry. The political and economic instability that followed war made it difficult to have consistent leaders and policies that benefit Mexican
They were also infected by the diseases that the Spaniards were immune to. He showed not on ounce of respect for the Native American people. This is why Columbus is a villain. General Summary of why stating there are __ reasons that will be discussed (History of religion prior to Columbus) After Columbus learned the religion of Native Americans they were threatened to either change their religion or to be annihilated. He forced
Religion also played a critical part in the defeat of the Incas. The Spaniards’ thought of themselves as superior and when Atahualpa threw their “Book” on the ground, the religious Spaniards were deeply offended. They immediately started fighting and quickly overpowered the surprised Indians. 22. Diseases probably played the biggest role in the collapse of the Incan empire.
The actions of the Spanish in South America were mostly war. But the Spanish did not win through force, they won through trickery. Take for example Hernan Cortes, he won the battle for what is now Mexico City, by first staying in the enemy’s city, and then killing their leader, retreating, and then cutting off the water and food supply of the Aztecs, waiting for their surrender. Then there was the conquest led by Francisco Pizarro, who also won his battle with “trickery”, though his is more of a confusion. His enemy was already weakened after some civil-wars, and he decided to take the enemy while they were surprised.
The Aztecs were constantly launching raids to capture prisoners for the enormous number of human sacrifices they conducted. There is important archeological evidence showing that several Indian civilizations suffered violent ends at the hands of other Indian cultures long before the arrival of the Europeans in America. • In effect, the Spanish employed a colonization strategy of "gold and souls." Converting the native population to Catholicism not only spread the doctrines of the Catholic Church, then under threat in Europe, but could, it was believed, further the control of Indian behavior in the mines and on the plantations. In conclusion there is evidence that The Black Legend was no more atrocious than that of any other European country that settled in the new world.