In the epic poem The Odyssey, Homer portrays Greek gods and goddesses as possessing human qualities and faults. Through their actions and emotions, Homer emphasizes the detrimental effects of lust, envy, wrath, and greed in ancient Grecian society. He also never fails to remind readers of the importance of respect for holy figures because of their powerful abilities to create chaos and wonder". Homer wants to prove that gods and humans share a variety of traits, and the only difference is that god don’t allow these flaws negatively to impact their society. To help further his argument, we can compare Greek gods and goddesses to that of Christianity.
Athena takes advantage of Poseidon’s absence to persuade Zeus because Poseidon is a significant factor that prevents Odysseus from returning home. Zeus gives Athena the permission to guide Odysseus home because he believes that Poseidon will soon let go of his grudge against Odysseus. Zeus proclaims to
If they allow this to happen in Odysseus’ home without intervening, their eternal reputation would be tarnished. Kleos was extremely important to the Greeks; it was something all men wished to have. Telemakhos also referred to the gods to appeal to his audiences’ emotions by claiming that if he did not get assistants in what he is asking of the men
An example of this is in Homer’s ‘The Odyssey” where Odysseus tries to persuade his crew to bypass Thrinacia, the island of the sun god Helios, but they were too stubborn and insisted on landing. Due to their ignorance, and refusal to listen to Odysseus they accidentally angered the god Helios and to appease Helios Zeus sent down a thunderbolt on their ship killing all of Odysseus’s crew except himself. This is proof of how this was not entirely his fault, and how his name and reputation of being a hero shouldn’t be
Usually, epic heroes share common character traits such as bravery,courage,loyalty,. In Homer’s Odyssey, it is my belief that Odysseus is not heroic mostly because he was loyal when he was gone and left his wife. For example, when he went where Hades was all his men went and they ended up dieing.Even though some people may argue he is a hero because he had a good idea on how to win the war,also when Cyclops tried killing them Odysseus didn't say his name and stabbed him so they escaped. I maintain that he is not a hero because he wasn't loyal because he slept with Calypso and his men died.
Homer was the author of the Odyssey and conveys Odysseus as a great epic hero, but there is an underlying lesson to these conflicts in the Odyssey that he goes through that not all pay attention to. Welcoming strangers into your home is frightening yet they do it all the time. What's even more frightening is not letting someone into your home who is disguised as a god and could be testing you. One can only hope the people they welcome are good ones, but this did not always happen. The theme of the Odyssey is loyalty and Xenia.
However, Socrates is not satisfied with such definition and responses to Euthyphro that many of conflicts exist among the gods and what is pleasant to one god might be unpleasant to another. Consequently, Euthyphro says that goodness is something pleasant to all gods. So at end of dialogue, Socrates have not agreed with Euthyphro and says “So I think you’ve just been playing games with me, Euthyphro. I asked you to tell me what holiness really is, and it seems you’ve sneakily refused to tell me” (Plato, 1984, p.49). Thereby, the dialogue leaves readers with unanswered question “Does goodness exist?” and if it exists what goodness is?
This was another example of auctoritas. Creusa killed herself out of fear that she would be caught by the Greeks and become a slave to them. The character of Lausus, who was a solider for the Latiums, exemplified auctoritas through his allegiance to his father, even though he was an awful man. This showed, more specifically, the faithfulness of a son to his father, or fealty, another Roman value. Though he was an enemy of the Trojans, he was still respected by Aeneas, which showed the true extent to which the Trojans valued auctoritas.
Also, to dramatize the situation and emphasize the morality of the crew, Homer says "[the crew] put their backs in the oars, escape grim death." This passage shows how, while Homer considers Odysseus heroic, Odysseus may not follow expectations because of his pride and willingness to endanger his men. In this passage, Odysseus continually taunts Polyphemus' against his crew's wishes, and thus risks their lives. However, throughout the reading, Odysseus' claims to have great affection for his crew and wishes to protect them; thus, Odysseus' actions in this scene highlight an inconsistency in Odysseus' character and heroic nature. Because of this inconsistency and Odysseus’ prideful and
At first, it seems that in this predicament, Odysseus is able to undermine Polyphemus’ threats with his cleverness by changing his name so that when the Cyclops yells for help, no one would know of his true identity. Odysseus utilizes his valiance to lead his crew out of conflict like in other parts of the epic, essentially, portraying Odysseus’ sharp intellect and cunningness. However, upon closer examination, the reason Odysseus and his crew found themselves in the situation in the first place, was because of Odysseus’ curiosity and ignorant decisions. Odysseus had no purpose for exploring and invading the giant cyclops’ home, but he allowed his growing curiosity to lead his men to danger. Even after he was able to free himself and his crew from the cyclops’ captivity, Odysseus exposes himself to Polyphemus and further jeopardizing his men, “ '"Cyclops, if any mortal man ever asks you who it was that inflicted upon your eye this shameful blinding, tell him that you were blinded by Odysseus, sacker of cities.
The Apology consists of Socrates making a speech while he 's on trial for multiple conviction; including corrupting the youth of Athens and not believing in the Gods. Throughout the short story we also read that the Oracle of Delphi tells Socrates that he 's the wisest man in all Greece, making Socrates question what they are implying and then tries to prove them inaccurate. Lastly, Socrates ends his speech by saying that "the unexamined life is not worth living". Socrates never fully explains what we was implying with this phase, however I believe he was expressing to "leave no stone unturned" and to live life to its fullest. The Oracle of Delphi was the most important shrine in all Greece during the time of Socrates.