The people at the time were described as very liberal-minded people who had upcoming ideas and views. "Literature turned inward in the Victorian period. As the empire expanded and people talked of progress and prosperity, there was a brooding, melancholic tone to much of Victorian writing" (Kinsella 951). Wuthering Heights, one of Brontë's only novel written, is considered to be one of her most famous works as it contains a
Hence, the fixed notions depicted in the beginning of the novel, mainly by Elizabeth and Darcy, influence the various relationships between characters prompting the progression of the storyline. (Lane 2015) The original title of Austen’s novel is First Impressions, making the theme evidently significant, but is now rephrased to Pride and Prejudice. To begin with, the most prominent theme in the story is the initial thoughts of major characters affect the plot and influence the main scheme of the novel greatly. Elizabeth’s main perception of Darcy immerges from an overheard conversation Darcy has with his virtuous friend, Mr. Bingley. Darcy initially insults Elizabeth for being of the Bennet family when Bingley persuades him to dance with her.
Introduction Without a doubt, Charlotte Brontë was progressive in her beliefs. With her famous novel Jane Eyre she challenges 19th-century conceptions of appropriate female behavior through the creation of a heroine who works, demands respect and combines self-control with passion and rebellion. After publication Jane Eyre was argued to be non Christian, extremely provocative and unacceptable piece of literature for the Victorian, who proudly cherished their self created pseudo values about female stereotypes and construct of the society, “yet Jane`s sense of herself as a woman – as equal to and with the same needs as a man – [was] next-door to insanity in England in the 1840s.” (Rich 469), but the novel touched many of its earliest readers deeply. Today as the time passed Jane Eyer is recognized as, “an extraordinary phenomenon: a totally assured, provocative, and compelling piece of realist fiction.” (Sanders 420). In the Novel a very young, plain penniless girl claims the right to have independence, respect, freedom of choice and action as large as that of any man.
Charlotte Bronte knew as one of the most talented women authors of the Victorian era. She and her sisters, Emily and Anne grow up in Victorian England, they were inspired by the Romantic authors, and all of them write masterpieces in English literature. Charlotte Bronte faced a lot of difficulties, and obstacles in her life even though she manages to write important works in English Literature. For example, Jane Eyre, The Professor, Shirley, and Villette. At first, she writes Jane Eyre under pseudonym Currer Bell.
It proves its genuine precocity to allow the reader to know about the heroine’s ordeals, feelings of frustration as well as about her victimization within the oppressive patriarchal society. It displays women’s struggles to conceal the politics of gender roles of their epoch and to protest against the Law of the Father. In her discussion of Gothic tropes, Anne Williams reveals that Female Gothic falls under the rubric of a marginalised genre while identifying the critical reception of the gothic in the pre-romantic era with the categorization of women as peripherized subjects, admitting that this literary form has been “congenial” to them and pleasantly suited to their lower social position (Fleenor The Female Gothic 8). In one sense, this may have been a reaction to exclusion from the male-dominated ‘higher arts’ of poetic and philosophical discourse: the natural desire to express oneself finding a new and perhaps more congenial form from only gradually found critical respectability (The Gothic Tradition
Female sexuality and its representation has been the primary concern of this research while applying each of the approaches to proves that du Maurier’s work builds on Jane Eyre but the portrayal it grants to feminine sexuality and identity renders her work a narrative of modernity on its own. Several critics have analyzed the intertexuality between the two novels. However, this study builds what has been said before to dwell on the not yet exhausted topic of feminine sexuality. Nungesser is one of the critics who have presented a comparison between the novels to conclude that both works bring an air of freshness and novelty to the traditional female Gothic plot, the novel of development and the fairy-tale narratives. Nonetheless, Nungesser overlooks to precise subject of female sexuality which happens to be submerged in Jane Eyre’s concern with presenting a financial independent heroine whom in spite of what she suffered prefers to spend the rest of her days as a mere angel of the house.
Jane Austen is one of British Literature’s most well-known female novelists, especially when considering the rise in popularity of the Novel of Manners in the 19th century. The Novel of Manners centers on a female character and the rising action culminates in familial, social, and communal conflicts. The protagonist navigates the difficult and strenuous expectations placed on her by the people around her while she subverts and resists the standards and oppressions of the time. One prominent component throughout the history of Austen’s work is the uplifting of women and the role they play in their societal sphere with Pride and Prejudice exemplifying these characteristics. Because this piece is one of Austen’s most popular, it has been adapted for film time and time again; one such example being the 2005 adaptation starring Kiera Knightly and Matthew McFadyen.
Charlotte Bronte and Christina Rossetti are two successful nineteenth-century writers who present main female lead characters in their literature. This essay will compare Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre and Christina Rossetti’s “Goblin Market” to show the similarities and differences of female portrayal.
For that, Margaret Fuller adopts a simple and, at times, kind of sarcastic style to ease the complexity. She defines her ideas clearly and attempts to simplify them when too difficult. She uses everyday examples like the Magazine example, “This last is always slow death to a journal; its natural and only safe position is to lead; if, instead, it bows to the will of the multitude, it will find the ostracism of democracy far more dangerous than the worse censure of a tyranny could be” (Fuller, 1846, p.20). Here, Fuller is trying to explain how literary works are made to educate people and, in a way, lead, since the author is supposed to write what he or she believes is true. For Fuller, the journal and the writings die when they become media-driven, hence they are no longer considered good American literature if all the author things about is to make money and please his or her public.
Elizabeth Gaskell’s novel North and South (1855) has always been considered as one of, if not the best, of her literary works. It is structured upon the decay of the public spheres of civil society and its substitution with a more heterogeneous public forum of the entire nation’s voices (Bodenheimer 2008). Shirley was Charlotte Bronte’s second published novel after Jane Eyre in 1849. Shirley is described as cheerful, lively, kind and full of ideas on how to use her money (Bronte, 1849); all the traits that aren’t expected of a woman at those times. This novel, therefore, focuses on English middle-class women, specifically single women, who become subject to victimisation in the contemporary society.