One man, named Martin Luther, had an idea to denounce the method of the Catholic Church that would influence the world and change Christianity forever. When the Catholic Church was first formed, its goals were to spread and to help people follow
I has happened for many centuries and still happening but it does not make it right. I can understand his goal and I could agree with him if the ways he took were different but why was religious sanction and influence necessary to achieve his goals. How can a person and even a society not matter war era justify beheading 4,000 Saxon warriors in the name of any religion and even forced the same religion to any rebels left? Did Charlemagne wanted people to fear religion, or become a Christian for their own will. If creating a better society by converting all to Christianity, he should have stopped attacking and conquer new lands and only focus on his kingdom, you do not need a heartless, imposing, ruthless and well train army to do that in my opinion.
There were two major leaders that led the Protestant Reformation in Europe. The first was Martin Luther who wrote “95 Theses”, which were new religious beliefs, and nailed them to the door of the Wittenberg Castle Church. Eventually, he was outlawed and found refuge with Saxon princes, but his ideas continued to spread throughout Germany
People began to assert themselves against blind faith and useless religious rituals and began to feel that they could reach God without the intermediary of a priest. Instead of one Pope, two Popes began to be elected one by the French Cardinals and the other by the Italian Cardinals. Solution: With recognition of the reformers criticism and acceptance of their ideology Protestants were able to put their beliefs on display in art.
As time went by in the new colonies the excitement of being unified in the same Christian beliefs and the “new” wore off the new settlements. People started to get off the straight line of Christian beliefs that people like John Smith and John Winthrop had drawn for the settlers. There was a big gray area of what could be done and what couldn’t be done which caused problems. The judgment of the grey areas was to be left up to the leaders of the colonies which most of the time included the preacher.
Henry VIII and the English reformation was a time of great change in the Roman Catholic Church. Henry VIII was committed to the fact that under the Pope’s law people were not allowed to divorce because they would not go to Heaven. When King Henry VIII’s marriage did not work he asked the Pope for a divorce but the request was denied. When Henry VIII believed his marriage was not working he decided to establish a new Church which would allow him to legally divorce and still be able to go to Heaven. In the coming years, King Henry VIII changed the Catholic Church forever, allowing Catholic’s to divorce without needing permission from the Pope.
Therefore, he wrote II Principle, also known as The Prince, in 1513. It wasn’t widely known at that time, but it has been more recognized later in the century. The Prince was controversial, due to its views of religion, morality, and ethics, and the Catholic Church banned the book. The Prince is one of Machiavelli’s greatest works, and is also considered to be one of the most politically important handbooks for being a ruthless and efficient leader at the same time. Some of his other famous works include Discorsi Sopra La Prima Deca Di Tito Livio (1531, Discourses on the First Ten Books of Titus Livius)
The Renaissance can therefore be seen a period of great change and development across Europe. The Roman Catholic Church fought to maintain its power while Europe came in to contact with other religions and Christians themselves began to question the role and dominance of the Vatican. Added to that, were discoveries in all fields including anatomy and astrology and even physical discoveries such as Columbus’s voyage to the New World. It is against this background that some of the greatest works of art were created by some great artists.
Religion in The Elizabethan Era About 450 years ago, the Elizabethan Era was in full swing. Religion was a was a touchy subject; with half the people believing in Protestantism, and the others believing in Catholicism. The monarch ruled politically and the roman catholic church ruled spiritually, until King Henry VIII broke away from the catholic church and created The Church of England. No separation from state and church created a religious battle field, and a constant swinging pendulum for religion. Protestantism, was brought to us by king henry VIII.
The impact Reformation has on Christian today 5. Conclusion BODY Reformation is “a 16th-century movement in Western Europe that aimed at reforming some doctrines and practices of the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the establishment of the Protestant churches” (http://www.thefreedictionary.com/reformation). It was employed not only in the ecclesiastical sphere but also in the legal and political spheres. It was a movement which had other reformational protests that have common landmarks (http://www.ref500.nl/en/pages/131/what-is-the-reformation.html). Dr. Jack L. Arnold quoted Philip Schaff (History of the Christian Church) that “The Reformation of the sixteenth century is, next to the introduction of Christianity, the greatest event in history.
His 95 theses which propounded two central beliefs that the Bible is the central religious authority and that humans may reach salvation only by their faith and not by their deed was to spark the Protestant Reformation. Although these ideas had been advanced before, Martin Luther codified them at them at the moment in history ripe for religious reformation. The Catholic Church was ever after divided and the Protestantism that soon emerged was shaped by the Luther’s ideas. Luther’s writings changed the course of religious and cultural history in the West. His revolutionary ideas served as the catalyst for the eventual breaking away from the Catholic Church.
During the years 1665-88, there was a lot of political instability mainly stemming from the restoration settlement. However in this essay I shall be comparing how accurate it is to say that the Popish plot, exclusion crisis, Rye house plot and religion are in causing political instability against the named factor. The aim of the restoration settlement was to create order and stability throughout England. From the offset of the restoration act, many feared that Charles was a catholic sympathiser, after suspending the act of uniformity to provide a measure of religious toleration.
He argued that Christians will be disturbing the peace and those who do are rebelling and are disobedient. If you become disobedient to the king, you are also disobeying God. Boucher argues that if God wanted them to have independence they would have had it, and they should be grateful and thankful with our without it. He says “Obedience to government is every man’s duty because it is ever man’s interest; but it is particularly incumbent on Christians, it is enjoined by the positive commands of God.” (#32; pg. 101)
Though many view Machiavelli as evil, his teachings are better seen as harsh and stable. Richard III has much to learn from Machiavelli, for his rule is unstable and overly oppressive. Machiavelli makes the distinction that one should either gain the subjects' approval or should crush them unforgivingly, two opposite extremes. Richard, however, switches between his type of ruling: somtimes he orders people to die, while other times he manipulates them, sparing their life. As Machiavelli teaches his audience in his book The Prince, if one hurts his subjects in a not fatal manner, they will strike back, seeking revenge; and this is exactly what happens to Richard.