Rushdie attempts to change the way you think about religion. Describing the way religion compensates for the evil being done by those who are wrong. “Only you can decide if you want to be handed down the law by priests, and accept that good and evil are somehow external to ourselves”. Religion is like our external selves to set our moral views to the immoral above us. Religion allows an escape that takes away our evil around us that solves the greatest mystery feeling such as fear.
Freud (1927) states the third point raises strong suspicion because a prohibition such as that can only be for one reason: “that society is very well aware of the insecurity of the claim it makes on behalf of its religious doctrines” (p. 26). Freud (1927) goes on to say that religion is an outgrowth of childlike helplessness; God is a manifestation of a child longing for a father. Freud (1927) states that the gods retain their threefold task: “they must exorcize the terrors of nature, they must reconcile men to the cruelty of Fate, particularly as it is shown in death, and they must compensate them for the sufferings and privations which a civilized life in common has imposed on them” (p. 18). Freud (1927) posits that if religion had succeeded in “making the majority of mankind happy, in comforting them, in reconciling them to life and in making them into vehicles of civilization, no one would dream of attempting to alter the existing conditions” (p. 37). He states that religion has lost part of its influence over humans because of the advances of science (Freud, 1927).
Conflict perspectives- Theorist are vastly critical of religion, Theorist stress religion is vague and contradicts evolution. Opium of the people; Theorist Karl Max, was declared atheist, and believed that the total existence and being of “GOD’’ was incorrect. “It is the opium of the people” (Marx 1844/1964) (434). Max, meant for oppressed workers people religion was like a drug that help addicts forget their misery (443). Legitimating social inequalities; Conflict theorists stress that religion legitimizes social inequalities (434).
Sehrish Kodare 54714 Philosophy 208 Section 1 Nietzsche Critique on Kant’s Mortality Enlightenment is a period which can be conveyed as emitting “light into the dark corners of mind”, according to Immanuel Kant (Perry, p.428). Prior to the period of enlightenment, the society was dictated by Christian authorities and their religious doctrines. However, during the period of enlightenment various areas of philosophy were questioned and critiqued by various philosophers among them was a German Philosopher named Immanuel Kant who questioned and analyzed philosophical fundaments through the power of reason. He termed “Sapere Aude!” which means “dare to know” as the motto of enlightenment (Kant, 1996, p.1). The main fields established by Kant through
Arthur Schopenhauer was a 19th century German philosopher whose ideology is a prime example of philosophical pessimism. Schopenhauer was strongly influenced by Plato and Immanuel Kant, as well as by Eastern religions like Buddhism, yet he rejected the prevalent at the time post-Kantian philosophies of German idealism and optimism. He believed that humans live in a world dominated by a malignant metaphysical “will to live” which causes our lives to consist only of suffering in the form of pain and boredom. In order to at least somewhat alleviate this endless strife of life, Schopenhauer proposed the adoption of an ascetic mindset. “Studies in Pessimism” is a selection of essays from Schopenhauer’s Parerga (Greek for “Appendices”), the first
The main differences between the Great Awakening and the Enlightenment is that the Enlightenment was a movement started by the philosophers and scientists centered on scientific spirit and reasoning. However, the Great Awakening was a religious and spiritual movement. For example, Document A states, ”You have sown the harmful seeds of separation and disorder among us”. This shows that George Whitefield was a dangerous man and was spreading harmful ideas. Also, in Document A, the test explains “You have stopped the spread of the Gospel, and hurt the Peace and good Order”.
In Genealogy of Morals, Nietzsche first opens up by claiming his dissatisfaction of previous philosopher’s attempts of describing morality. Nietzsche claims that the idea of morality of being of no value is simply wrong; as people with higher morality are often worth more than people with low morality. He also goes on the explain the people of the lowest morality are priests- as they have created the most hate in the world. He then goes to say “Priests make everything more dangerous, not just medicaments and healing arts but pride, revenge, acumen, debauchery, love, lust for power, virtue, sickness” (16). Since different religions have different Gods who have different stances and moral on life, these beliefs cause a division between humans.
In this book he tries to explain how citizens and leaders should govern society by the light of unassisted human reason and religious faith. He points out that in Oedipus the Tyrant Sophocles tries to show political rationalism that terminates religion and in Oedipus at Colonus - piety that throwaways reason. He also analysis how Nietzsche, Socrates and Aristotle defines philosophy and tragedy. This book is very useful to explore Sophocles from social, political and religious view. Segal, Charles.
As an atheist, he gives reasons why all religion is false, especially in regard to miracles. He believed that miracles work against the natural order of things and human testimony of miracles cannot be true. Hume first reasons why we should not believe in miracles are that they are violations of the
Lynch tells us “that the use of spirituality involves a number of complex levels of engagement. While appearing to endorse the values of the ancient traditions that it is alluding to, such moves represent little more than a silent takeover of religion.” Despite the case made for the demise of religion in the contemporary consumer society, a case could be made for a resurgence of religion. Such a religion may not resemble religion as understood in today’s terms, where spiritualties are disconnected from one another. or of a system that is considered to be universally within a religion with ‘a creed‘ and beliefs and a ‘dogma’ that distinguish members of religious group from other people. Such criteria would seem to negate the possibility of any attempt to form a new religion, however, all of the major religions contain within them a strong emphasis on
In my opinion, I think he blamed them because they were not like him. When I say not like him I mean that they were not German or his race. Everyone had to be just the way he wanted them to be in my opinion. According to annefrank.org “by giving the Jews the blame Hitler created an enemy.” The solution to Hitler’s problem was banishment. Adolf Hitler
Some believe their physical or mental illnesses are inflicted upon them purposefully by God, because they have done wrong in the eyes of the Lord. Therefore, these individuals “felt that God was punishing them, had deserted them, or did not have the power to make a difference, or felt deserted by their faith community” (Koenig, 2009, p.287). Therefore, they conclude that God is angry with them, and they deserve the punishment. They may feel shunned or neglected by God. Many believe that as a result of this, God will not heal their mental illness through any form of religious therapy.