In chapter 16 Telemachus has returned from Ithaca. Since Telemachus had been traveling for a while, Ulysses, Telemachus and Eumaeus caught up. Telemachus tells Eumaeus and Ulysses about the mischief planned against him by suitors on his estate. Eumaeus went to tell Telemachus’s mother that he had returned. Athena then came and disguised Odysseus and told him to reveal his identity to Telemachus and plan their revenge on the suitors.
The word mentor evolves to mean trusted advisor, teacher and wise individuals. Hence, history offer several examples of facilitating mentoring relationships: Jesus and his disciples, Plato and Socrates, Freud and Jung (Gordon, 1977). According to Gordon (1977) the story of a mentor comes from Homer’s Odyssey. Hence, while fighting in the Trojan War King, Odysseus, King of Ithaca, delegates the care of his household to Mentor, who serves as a teacher and overseer of Odysseus’ son, Telemachus.
In The Odyssey, Odysseus and Telemachus are two heroes that go through tests to try and complete their quests. At the beginning of the book, Odysseus is a Trojan war hero who has been away from home for a war that lasted ten years. It takes him another ten to get back home. Telemachus is Odysseus’s son. Telemachus believes that his father will never come back until Athena tells him to go and try to find any information about Odysseus’s whereabouts.
The importance of relationships between father and son are presented in The Odyssey with the ancient Greek values of home and respect of elders. For instance, Odysseus and Telemachus’ love for eachother is shown through their long voyages to find one another which reunites them in the end. Without their strong father-son relationship, they may not have had the desire to search for one another which would have led to a significantly different plot and end result. In the end, Telemachus’ joy is greatly expressed when he discovers Odysseus which further proves their undeniable friendship and bond. Another example of a strong father and son relationship is presented by the love Poseidon and Polyphemus have towards each other.
“The focus of entertaining is impressing others; the focus of true hospitality is serving others” - Tim Chester. More specifically, in Greek culture, it is the practice of friendly reception, creating new alliances with strangers, avoiding unnecessary enemies, and impressing the Gods. Throughout the epic The Odyssey by Homer, this motif is used in both positive and negative ways. As Odysseus’ tale unfolds, Homer tells about his journeys in which some people have specifically disregarded hospitality, while others are very gracious and kind. In addition, the people receiving this hospitality can also respond negatively or positively.
The Odyssey symbolized fathers as leaders, the head of the household, protector who instills the virtue of identity to their sons. To be bold in the face of their enemies and stand against them. It is necessary to play a vital role in the upbringing of their sons. When there is no father figure sons cannot become aristoi without guidance which limits to their full potential and true identity.
In the Odyssey, Homer creates comparative relationships using metaphors and similes in order to expand upon themes. One interesting relationship in the epic is that between the poet and the hero. In this epic, the most prominent of the heroes are Odysseus and Telemakhos, and the most prominent poets are Demodokos and Homer. There are many different examples of relationships between the poet and the hero, but one of the more striking relationships is the similarity between the two. Through this comparison, Homer shows that both the poet and the hero cannot achieve greatness without pain or help, but instead need to suffer and need the help of an external guiding hand in order to achieve greatness.
Telemachus’ life serves as the gateway to Odysseus’ legacy. The egocentric nature in which Telemachus describes Odysseus’ assumed fate strengthens the idea that Odysseus’ legacy lies in Telemachus’ life on earth. The idea of “great fame for years to come” is reflected through Telemachus’ life because Telemachus is both the physical and the figurative link between Odysseus and the mortal, living world (Ody. I.279). Telemachus’ mention of the gods’ “vengeance” by killing Odysseus elaborates on a more general juxtaposition – the gods, who are immortal, control humans’ mortality (Ody. 272). However, the gods don’t have control over a legacy, as storytelling is a human activity.
The poem starts with Telemachus and there are several reasons to begin with Telemachus. The readers already know that the book will be about Odysseus, but when the book starts with Telemachus, they will be very into the book. Since Telemachus is Odysseus's son, it is easy to understand Odysseus's background, dad and son's relationship, ancient greek culture, and his family story. Especially, Telemachus provide a lot of information about Odysseus's journey and because of this story, readers can understand the book easily. There are several books that stat with a supporting character instead of a main character.
The main character during the first four books of the epic, is, contrary to the title of the epic, Telemachus instead of Odysseus. In fact, Odysseus is entirely absent from what is known as the Telemachia. It is here that we see the first guise, Odysseus the Deserter. Like in the Telemachia, Odysseus has been absent from his family and his country over the course of several years, and chaos has ensued as a result. We know that the Akhaians are a very social people, so when Aigyptios declares, “Hear me, Ithakans!
In Book Two of the Odyssey, Telemachus demonstrates his increasing maturity by confronting the suitors, gaining respect from the elders, and preparing to look for Odysseus. Telemachus demonstrates maturity in Book Two of the Odyssey by confronting the suitors face on. By gathering the suitors together he can talk to them about what he wants to happen from now on. By confronting the suitors Telemachus gains maturity because he is taking a leadership role. He also is gaining maturity from confronting the suitors because he is facing his fears.
Although many characters show different themes from the epic poem The Odyssey by homer, Telemachus represents the theme of coming of age throughout the poem. He shows this theme several times in the book the odyssey. Some examples are from the beginning of the poem, while other examples are from the ending of the poem. An example of Telemachus’ coming of age is when he had helped Odysseus kill the suitors.
Fathers are some of the most influential people there will ever be; they teach you some of the basic rules of life, they show you how to act, they lead you when you don’t know what to do. But what happens when you grow up without a father? In The Odyssey, written by Homer, we follow the story of a man who, on the day of his son’s birth, was forced to go to war. Odysseus was gone for a painstakingly long 20 years, and during that time, Telemachus grew up watching his mother struggle. As the queen of Ithaca, Penelope had many suitors fighting for her hand: the king was gone and they took control.