He clarifies that one should not kill themselves to get there and in order to receive a good after life one should not take their own life away, as it is surely wrong and we would want our soul to be pure. This basically puts forward the idea that there is another place which we go to that consists of better forms of beauty and justice making Socrates not afraid of death; “That is why i am not so resentful because i have good hope that some future awaits men after death, as we have been told for
The fundamental difference between the two is that Plato approaches reality through rational inquiry and regards love as mediator between the two worlds. Its goal is to find truth, which is objective, impersonal and outside the human soul, only to be looked and admired like a perfect piece of “art”. While as Rumi’s idea of love is irrational. In Rumi love and reason are contradictory. Reason for Rumi is light and a guide, but love is the goal.
For Socrates philosophy is a way of live, and we must always ask question to knowledge, which is also its philosophy. His kind of philosophy denies with other philosophers, because they believe only on the pursuit and building of knowledge. Those philosophers want to obtain as much knowledge as possible, while Socrates searches only the truth. Consequently, the main idea between the Apology and the Allegory of the Cave is knowledge. The Allegory is based under effects of knowledge on the human spirit.
Whereas Plato thought that experiments and reasoning are enough to provide the qualities of an object, Aristotle was in favour of the experience and observation. In logic, Plato was more favoured the use of inductive reasoning, while Aristotle used deductive reasoning. The syllogism, a basic unit of logic of A = B, and B = C, then A = C, was developed by Aristotle. Both regarded that thoughts were far more preferable to senses. However Plato stated that senses could fool a person but Aristotle believed that senses are required to establish reality in a proper way.
Plato had views to how to live a good life should be, towards what end the individual should act in accordance with their ideas of good life. Furthermore he thought of the world in a more theoretical insightful way theory of forms. Plato believed that a soul transmigrated until it was able to free itself from physical form and returned to the a realm without form. Plato also taught that true knowledge came from the soul and reason which would make him a rationalist and he believed that things like beauty and good in the physical world were glimmers of reality. Aristotle theory of forms with its two separate realms failed to explain what it was meant to explain.
Aristotle and plato also share some similarities, when aristotle mentions how we should be happy and not aim to what will get us happy. Plato also mentions our idea is ours and won 't amount to any physical item or goal. What they share there is when it comes to happiness and ideas we should already be happy and how our ideas wont be perfect as long as we can better ourselves thats what should matter and make us
If not for this curse, humanity would have sunk in ignorance to this day. Despite that Kant’s main argument is that enlightenment is the ability to think for oneself independently, he argues in the private and public use of one’s reason, that one should obey the rules whilst be able to privately fully use one’s own reason and observe. Moreover, he states that God said, “Argue as much as you like and about whatever you like, but obey!” (Kant, 55). This means that one’s freedom is restrained, but the
The prisoner begins to question his reality so he starts to explore the cave and finds a passage leading to the outside world. This represents when one becomes enlightened and finds himself understanding the true form of reality while the other prisoners are seeing an abstract model of it. This can conclude that there is a way to get out of the cave in the modern time by becoming knowledgeable and leaving the illusion of the world we call perfect and to be perfect. It is impossible to perceive the truth or reality with our senses we tend to use every day, so Plato suggest we use a spiritual perception to reject and break the world of material chains as an ideal concept to become enlightened. This spiritual perception can be achieved through education in which each individual is given the power or chance to become wiser and start questioning our reality.
Plato, a well-known mathematician and a central figure in philosophy, laid the foundation stones of Western Philosophy (along with Socrates and Aristotle). Alfred North Whitehead once said, “the safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato.” Plato realises that in general, humanity can go on leading a life which is greatly understood. For example, he finds truth in his world of forms and thinks that the general populace can think, and speak, and may not even acknowledge any awareness of Plato’s world of forms. He explains his thoughts in the Allegory of The Cave which is presented as a fictional dialogue between Socrates and Plato’s brother. First, he likes all the people in the world to prisoners in a cave, bounded by heavy links of iron.
Plato’s Allegory of the Cave Plato was a protégé of Socrates and an idealist philosopher during the classical Greek period that helped to form the base of philosophy as is known in today’s western world. He formed his own ideology called “Platonic Idealism” which is the idea that the visible world is not the most real form of reality placing the truest form of reality on unchanging, eternal and objectively existing forms. Plato often wrote allegories to express his world view and to allow his audience to realize Plato’s ideas on their own terms. Plato wrote the myth of the cave to show through metaphor and allegory how an ordinary person can gain enlightenment, become a philosopher and attempt to teach others of this knowledge. The “Myth of the Cave” first begins with prisoners in a dark cave that are bound and shackled to a wall.
Sure one could see this as a good thing, but throughout Anthem, Ayn Rand shows that conformity is not as good as it sounds, but rather the worst way to live. Equality succeeds in finding happiness and meaning in life by learning to be an individual and taking risks that no one in his society dared to do
John said, “I believe in non-violence as a way of life, as a way of living” (“Do one thing-quotes for a better world”). John believes fighting should not be a part of life that it will not solve anything. He believes to go about things in a non-violent way. Lewis explains how staying peaceful everyone will be happier when he said, “If you’re not hopeful and optimistic, then just give up. You have to take the long hard look and just believe that if you’re consistent, you will succeed” (“life hack quotes”).