Socrates is accused of studying things in heaven and below the earth. He is accused of provoking the young citizens to stop trusting the politicians blindly and think for themselves. It is said that he makes the weak argument strong and vice-versa. Socrates puts forth four arguments to defend himself against the first charge of corruption of the youth. He says that Meletus, who was his principle accuser, is bringing forth a charge he is ignorant about and has no knowledge of.
Some people respected Socrates, such as the youth who followed him around in their free will, while others criticized him, such as those who he publicly humiliated. Socrates was sent to trial on behalf of five charges. The charges were; he studies things in the sky and below the Earth, he makes the worse into the stronger argument, he teaches these same things to others, he is corrupting the young, and he does not believe in the
In The Clouds, by Aristophanes, and The Apology by Plato, Socrates is illustrated in distinctive ways. In The Clouds, Aristophanes tries to expose Socrates and his followers, the Sophists. In his play, Aristophanes shows that Socrates is contaminating the young men of Athens, and he uses mockery to magnify a lot of the lessons delivered by Socrates. Plato, who was a devoted advocate of Socrates, portrayed his advisor in a positive way. Even though majority of The Apology is literally a speech narrated by Socrates, we can guess that Plato was intrigued by the story enough to twist it in a way that would highlight Socrates, and the picture was thoroughly diverse from that of Aristophanes.
Despite the many ways that Euthyphro could have chosen to respond, he explains it as “doing as [he is] doing” (18). He justifies what he is doing, prosecuting his own father, by saying that the gods, specifically Zeus, have done the same. To Socrates, his response is blatantly insufficient and he challenges it by saying that
Kriti Dhungel Phil 101-3001 Paper 1 2/26/2017 Crito 's first argument states that if Socrates does not escape then he will hurt Crito. Crito and Socrates had been friends for a long time and if Socrates is executed then Crito would lose really good friend and hence will be hurt. Also, Crito will gain a bad reputation because it would seem that Crito made no effort to save Socrates. No one in the country would know that it was Socrates choice to be executed and hence Crito would be blamed for not putting enough effort to save his friend. He can be blamed for having more love for money rather than his friend.
In this paper I will examine why Socrates did not attempt to appease the jury in his Apology. Socrates is put on trial for corrupting the youth and believing in gods other than the gods of the city. I believe he chose not to appease the jury for three reasons: he is a man of pride, he does not fear death and additionally finds it shameful to fear death. Socrates is a man of pride. He has passion for his beliefs and values, and would rather die than give them up.
Socrates and Euthyphro ran into each other outside the court of Athens. Socrates is there because he is charged for impiety by Meletus, while Euthyphro is there because he is prosecuting his own father for an unintentional murder of a household slave. After listening to the reason of Euthyphro’s presence at court, Socrates is flattered by him, as he thinks surely a person bringing charges against his own father must have great knowledge on piety and impiety. He thinks no one will do such a thing unless they are absolutely sure it is the right thing to do so he asks Euthyphro to teach him what holiness is and what piety and impiety is, so that it might help him in his trial against Meletus. In reply at first Euthyphro says that piety is what he is doing, prosecuting the person who offended religion by murdering, even though he is his own father.
The Apology is the regretful acknowledgment of a failure to follow the norms, but the in the Five dialogue it is a record of the formal speech to the jury of Socrates brought in his personal justification at the trial written by Plato. The Apology is the third part which explains the life of the Socrates, who he is, and what he did to find the wisest person in the Athens. The first part of the five dialogue is the main speech by the counter-assessment, and finally, last words to the jury, both to those who voted for the death sentence. Socrates is the wise philosopher who was brought in the courtroom due to some violation as thought by the people and the Meletus. Meletus was the accuser who had claimed two things on him.
This not only shows his blatant disregard for Eddie’s desires and his lust for money, but also displays his lack of faith in his son. Upon further speculation, he realizes his wrongdoing because a parent’s best interest are not always right and even in the most unlikely of circumstances, one must always have faith in their child. During this conversation, both father and son are able to bond with each other over
For example, politicians often think that they can handle all of the political debates with no problem at all, however they are ignorant and do not realize that they too have flaws that could affect their argument. Once poets receive positive feedback they believe that they are invincible and do not have any flaws because they are the best at what they do, which often is not true. Moreover, Sophists could also be unaware of their own flaws and they could just be teaching what they know which is not everything. Therefore, making them not wise. All in all, in order for one to be considered wise according to Socrates’ definition of wisdom, one must be aware of his or her own