I. Introduction How do Bizet and Tchaikovsky adhere to the traditional elements of folksong in their nationalistic music for orchestra? During the 19th century, music had changed in style, that they broke the form and freely composed the music that we call it romantic era. The music in Romantic era has large difference from the strict classical era, it became more expressive and use wide range of emotions. It expanded the orchestra, providing the depth on timbre.
Beethoven was a German pianist composer and the predominant musical figure who bridged the classical and romantic eras. Born into a musical family, he received music education from his father and grandfather at an early age. Beethoven’s career and works were categorized into three periods. Works from his early period (1781 to 1802) showed heavy influences of the classical forms and techniques from the predecessors, Haydn and Mozart. However, he invented some new approaches to his composition such as expanded form, thick texture, extended harmonic relationship, wider range of the pitch and dynamic and imitation the sound of the orchestral instruments.
Ludwig van Beethoven was born in 1770 and died in 1827. He was one of the most influential and crucial figures in the transition period of music from the classical period to the romantic period. Beethoven composed his Pastoral Symphony in 1808 during his ‘middle period’, when his symphonies were longer than most and had heroic tunes. During the 18th century the orchestra began to increase both in size and in stature to express more emotions and create a wider variety in sound. Composers began to stray from the “set in stone” structure of the classical style and they moved towards a more “expressive and free attitude.” The pastoral Symphony has a lyrical feel to it and expresses many emotions particularly those of Beethoven’s love of nature.
Zhang Zhou Yaodong Professor Greg Peterson Classical styles and romantic spirits 2 November 2016 Richard Strauss Violin Sonata Richard Strauss (1864-1949), was a leading German composer and conductor. His orchestral compositions and operas have made him one of the best known composers of the late Romantic and early modern eras. While Strauss did not pay much attention to his chamber music in his later life, in earlier years he tried to compose several different types of chamber works such as a string quartet, two piano trios, a piano quartet and several instrumental sonatas. Now I will introduce his last work of chamber music, the violin sonata. At the age of 23, Strauss composed
Franz Joseph Haydn (1732– 1809) was an Austrian writer, a standout amongst the most productive and conspicuous authors of the Classical time frame. Haydn composed 107 ensembles altogether and also 83 string groups of four, 45 piano trios, 62 piano sonatas, 14 masses and 26 musical shows, among endless different scores. Franz Joseph Haydn was among the makers of the major classifications of traditional music, and his impact upon later writers is tremendous. Haydn 's most praised understudy was Ludwig van Beethoven, and his melodic frame throws a significant shadow over the music of consequent authors, for example, Schubert, Mendelssohn, and Brahms. Franz Joseph Haydn was among the makers of the principal kinds of traditional music, and his impact upon later writers is gigantic.
Beethoven included the piccolo, contrabassoon, bass drum, triangle, cymbals, soprano solo, alto solo, tenor solo, baritone solo and soprano, alto, tenor and bass (SATB) choir in the fourth movement only . The style of the last movement in Symphony No. 9 was genre-breaking in the sense that it was a choral symphony - part oratorio and part symphony. In addition, the last movement is extremely important because Beethoven took the unprecedented step of adding 4 soloists and chorus together with the massive orchestra. This indicated a clear break away from the traditional classical symphony form composed by his predecessors Haydn and Mozart and this is why Beethoven is considered to be one of the most revolutionary composers of all times because what he employed when composing consequently led to a step into early Romantic music.
There some of the families instrument such as brass, woodwind and percussion instruments became more advanced, make composer to write more difficult section, and keyboard instruments placed in the back seat. These composers begin to write more specific instrument, which means that the sound of the instrument and the detailed understanding of the function is essential. The first violinist or concertmaster that led by the orchestra's performance ,but the orchestra become bigger and bigger, some of the musicians can't see and follow the concertmaster. This cause the conductor use baton to led the orchestra these day. At the beginning of the 19th century, some of the composer such as Felix Mendelssohn and Carl Maria von Weber has begin to stand on the podium and conduct from the middle and the
He was born in Salzburg, Austria. Wolfgang was influenced and taught by his father Leopold. Leopold was a famous violinist, and was known mostly for writing a very famous violin-playing manual. His father led Mozart to master the art of composition at a very early age, according to Biography.com. Born in 1756 to a family of four, Mozart’s family consisted of his mother Anna Maria, his father Leopold Mozart, and his sister Maria Anna.
The death of his brother Caspar in 1815 influenced one of the great trials in Ludwig’s life, a legal battle with his sister-in-law, Johanna, over the custody of Karl van Beethoven, his nephew. The battle stretched on for several years. Beethoven won and Karl become like a son to him. Despite the struggles he faced, Beethoven composed his best music near the end of his life. Beethoven’s 9th and final symphony, completed in 1824, remains the composer’s most memorable achievement.
According to Merriam Webster’s Dictionary, chorus is “a part of a song that is repeated after each verse, typically by more than one singer”. “The classical era first produced the chorus” (Little, 2014). This means that classical music influenced almost every genre of modern music. The most important of all is the classical music’s contribution to our foundations of music theory. The very tonality of music was developed from the beginnings of classical music.