Many tribes were affected by this act but the major tribes affected are cherokee, chickasaw, creek,seminole,choctaw these tribes were most damaged as also the most civilized. They knew their own language and had many of their own invention to their way of life. When the Europeans came to native homelands they brought deadly diseases and that brought many deaths just about 3,000 Choctaw died and many more tribes suffered but in 18 38 the cherokee were forced out of their homeland and joined the march of tears. On there way over 4,000 were killed or died this brought native populations down 98 % of native americans died during the trial the government was trying to get as many tribes as they could to sign treaties. Chief black hawk leader of the fox and sauk tribes was a victim of the government 's “persuasive” tactics meaning they tortured and abused the natives to get them to sign treaties but some florida indians fought back for several years but the U.S. had power, weapons and numbers.
In 1830 Andrew Jackson passed the “1830 Indian Removal Act” (2) though senate. Out of the five major Native American groups that were affected by this legislation, only the Cherokee decided not to run or give up, but rather fight in the courts. This led to the most referenced court case in the supreme court history. This court case is a mile stone in the United States History due to, the events leading up to the court case, the Supreme Court ruling represents, and what became of the court’s decision.
Andrew Jackson, John Marshall, and The Trail of Tears There have been many dark times in our History as Americans. Among them is the Trail of Tears,brought upon by Andrew Jackson, which exiled the Indians from the American south and resulted in the death of thousands on the way to Oklahoma. Before this trying time there was speculation within the supreme court whether to treat the Native tribes as a sovereign foreign nation or as a dependent entity within the United States. I will discuss how these decisions came to be, the reactions to said decisions, and the aftermath of these rulings which inevitably leads to the Trail of Tears.
Introduction: I intend to compare and contrast the experiences that the five Southeastern Indian Tribes, during removal. I will explore why were they targeted for removal/relocation. I will explain how each tribes resisted and their strategies. I will explain which strategy was most effective. And finally, I will explain How the Seminole wars ended and why.
children are often separated from their parents and driven into stockades with the sky for a blanket and the Earth for a pillow.” This shows that the Natives were treated harshly and discriminated. Overall, the Cherokees were discriminated and treated horrifically during the time of the indian removal
Bridgette Adesuwa Omon Olumhense DBQ #2 The time period between 1789 and the mid 1830’s was quite ambiguous. With the British gone and the United States now in her building stages, an attiude needed to be taken towards the Native Americans, specifically the Cherokee Indians. The administrations before Jackson treated the Cherokee Indians with a somewhat docile, amiable hand, however much was left to be desired on the side of the United States. Many did not want to share the newly freed land with those that were not their own. Underneath the façade of friendship was manipulation, guarded ethnocentrism and racism.
In 1828, Georgia passed a string of laws that violated the rights of the Cherokee people. One of the law passed by the state of Georgia also allowed the removal of the Cherokee from their own land After the settlers that were after the natives land had been burn and destroying houses and towns, and trespassing among other things, with the support of the state government the Cherokee’s brought a case to the supreme court. The treaties negotiated between Georgia and the Cherokee were negotiated as the Cherokee as an Independent Nation, this guaranteed the independence of both the land and the people of the Cherokee Nations. Cherokee tried negotiating with congress and Andrew Jackson, both of which failed. The Cherokee Nation, represented by John Ross who was the principal chief of the Cherokee’s, then filed for an Injunction at the Supreme Court against Georgia repeal the unfair laws.
“In 1817, Americans burned a Seminole village on the border (Florida), killed five Indians, dispersed the rest.” (Shi and Tindall, 306) This comes to show that the trail of tears was not the first ruthless obtainment of territory on America’s part, and as shown throughout History, it was not the last. Territorial expansion helped raise the population and diversity of white men and women, but through the expansion of America in unscrupulous ways millions of Native Americans and black slaves were killed. America’s hunger for more territory was not always satisfied by the thieving of other ethnic group’s territories, soon America began pioneering west once more.
All that the Cherokees wanted was the liberty to remain in the land that they had been inhabiting for generations. Instead, they were tossed around like dolls by the U.S. The Native Americans stood up for themselves and the rules that the U.S. was founded on, yet they got punished. This letter from the Cherokee nation shares the same
According to the article, “Move the Cherokee to Indian Territory”, it says, “ It is estimated that there are no more than 50,000 Indians in the southwest, which represents more than one square mile per person”. That is a lot of land for the Indians. Technically, each person could get one square mile of land for themselves. Also, the same article states that, “Not only were they given the land in Indian Territory for free, but they were also given $5 million.” The Americans were offering so much for the Indians, but none of them were grateful enough to accept it.
The case of Cherokee Nation V Georgia was a very important one. For a long time the Cherokee Nation lived in Georgia for hundreds of years. The Cherokee Nation has helped shape our country. When Hernando de Soto came to what is now the United States, he encountered at least three Cherokee Native American tribes. In the year of 1711, the English have given firearms to the Cherokees in exchange for their help in fighting the Tuscarora in the Tuscarora War.
During one of his powerful speeches, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. said “Our nation was born in genocide when it embraced the doctrine that the original American, the Indian, was an inferior race.” Scholars talk of what happened to the Indians as a great tragedy, but never anything further. We deny what happened to the Indians, particularly the Cherokees. During the 1830’s, the United States government set out to remove all Cherokee individuals from their homes and relocate them west. Relocation meant ending up on a land foreign to them, and presented with environmental conditions that posed difficulties for human living.
Cherokee, Cheyenne, Seminoles Option #2 During the nineteenth-century, the federal Indian policy changed and it forced the removal or relocation of many different Indian tribes. The federal government sought to expand its control of territory and resources across America. The one big problem the U.S. faced were the Indians who resisted their removal. Georgia signed the Compact of 1802 which stated that if Georgia were to give up their western claims, the U.S. would eradicate American Indian land titles in Georgia and remove them (Lecture 14).
Furthermore, Natives occupied only a small portion of the territory as evident by the concentration of migrants in the southern most area (Doc 7). Naturally, this transition wasn’t seamless as some tribes refused to leave their sacred homeland. The Cherokees were a prominent opposer, having been forcibly removed and subjected to the infamous Trail of Tears in 1838. Despite being known as the tribe most assimilated to American society, the Cherokees were still forced to leave their ancestral home. Jackson and other politicians reasoned that the removal was for the Native Americans’ own safety and the preservation of their culture, but the removal only tore tribes away from the origins of their culture and
The author of The Cherokee Removal, Theda Perdue, says on page 169 in the book, “ Only two years after their arrival, the Cherokees were tilling fields, sending their children to school, and attending Council meetings. Although there was political turmoil and considerable violence, the lives of most Cherokees seemed to be returning to normal.” The Cherokee had experienced a strong amount of pain together and are stronger and working together to overcome their