In this essay, i will compare and contrast ancient Greek’s various form of governance ranging from Monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy and democracy. Monarchy Greek city –States practiced monarchies form of government, this is a type of government ruled by a single person, usually the king with the help of council of advisors and his powers were hereditary, the king has absolute power and citizens have no say in their governments. He usually retain his political power for life and his eldest son ( the prince) succeeds him on the throne.
Rise of Democracy: Age of Pericles, Delian League, Rebuilding the Athens Democracy is political system where everybody has equal rights. A country is ruled by the leader, who is elected with voting of citizens. The beginning of democracy is linked with Pericles leadership in Athens in the fifth century BC. Pericles ruled the government during the Golden Age of Athens, which is known as Age of Pericles. Pericles was the most important political leader for Athens who influenced Greek politics.
According to Rangevoting.org (n.d), Sparta government’s structure had four branches. The first branch was the Kings. There were two kings from different families in Sparta and their power was check by the different government institutions. They could only have complete power when they led the military to war. The next institution of the government was Gerousia.
Polybius was captured by the Romans and taken back to Rome and later wrote The Histories after befriending high-ranking Roman officials. The main purpose of his work was to describe how Rome became the dominant world power. Polybius states that, “No one can say for sure whether the constitution is an aristocracy or democracy or despotism.” Polybius the goes on to say that the consuls had almost complete control over the government and were able to run the military and spend as much public money as
Andrew Jackson was president starting in 1824 and while he was in office, people had many different views on him. One of those views was that he exercised power as a total and absolute monarch. He was even given the nickname of “King Andrew the First.” Jackson should be viewed as an absolute monarch because instead of electing his cabinet, he appointed them, giving positions to his supporters. He also fired his whole cabinet, which only made people happy to see him as a tyrant.
This caused many issues, with many allies attempting and failing to leave the league. Thucydides states that they had “deprived [their allies] of their ships, and imposed instead contributions in money.” (1.19) Greece was now divided between two major powers: the Dealian League which formed the Athenian empire and Sparta and the Peloponnesian allies. Up until this point, Sparta had maintained its hegemony and authority as the major power or empire of Greece. Naturally, the rapid expansion and power of the Athenian empire was a concerning threat and looming anxiety to their authority.
1780, Kalani`opu`u king of the big island and kamehameha`s uncle, met with his chiefs who helps run the island kingdom, one of those chiefs was Kamehameha. Kalani`opu`u, close to death of old age had told them that after his death Kalani`opu`us eldest son would be the new king. Kiwala’o, now king divided up the lands of the Big Island thus leading to trouble. Kamehameha lived in Kohala and agreed to become the leader of the windward side of the island, he had his own crew of chiefs who remained loyal to only to Kamehameha. By the division of lands by King kiwala`o stirred up problems, and led to a battle.
Plato was a philosopher and also an instructor in ancient Greece. Plato was the most important writer and thinker in the history of Western culture. Plato had an ambition of becoming a politician, his goals were crushed when Socrates was sentenced to death in 299 B.C.. After Socrates’ death, he went back to Athens and established an Academy of philosophy and science. I. Early Years
The Maya civilization was made up of a large number of city-states, each having its own independent government. Every city-state was ruled by its own king. They believed their king was given the right to rule by the gods. The king worked as an intermediary between the people and the gods.
The first triumvirate consisted of Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus. Eventually, the first triumvirate fell and Julius Caesar rose to power calling himself Dictator for Life. The second triumvirate was no different, consisting of Marc Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian (later known as Augustus) Caesar. As history repeated itself Octavian, Julius Caesar 's son, rose to power. However, he declared himself emperor and thus started the era of Roman emperors.
However a line of succession was never formally laid out and this caused civil war between sons over who the next sultan would be. Sultan Ahmed I (1603-1617) instituted a new system
World History Paper BY:SABASTION FOSTER Rome, Greece, and England all had a big part in helping the development of democracy. Rome and Greece had the biggest influence on U.S democracy, But Greece had the biggest influence in democracy by just having the idea of demokratia “rule by the people.” Greece was the biggest influence on democracy by staring the idea of demokratia “rule of people” in 507 B.C. and had the first manarchy that was almost the president back then. They splitted up into three institutions which was Ekklesia, who wrought laws, Boule were representative and dikasteria court.
In ancient Greek, diadochos is a noun that seems from the verb diadechesthai which translate to succeed to. As well as a compound of dia and deschesthai which means receive (Liddell, Scott). The Diadochi were the rival generals, families, and friends of Alexander the Great. They fought for control over his empire after his death in 323 BC. The Wars of the Diadochi would in fact mark the beginning of the Hellenistic period (Grote,1869).
Joshua Johnson was the first U.S consul to Great Britain and he was one of the most important people in the political world. After John Adams lost his second term election in 1800, he called his son to Prussia once again. In 1802, Quincy was elected to the legislature of Massachusetts legislature, then one year later, he was elected as the U.S senate. As well as his father, John Quincy was thought of as a member of the Federalist Party but in reality, he was never a particular “party” man, he had always tried seeing every party 's point of views. He became unpopular with the other Federalists due to his support on the Louisiana Purchase and President Thomas Jefferson 's Embargo Act.