In 730 B.C., Sparta invaded and took control of Messenia although they were a bigger and stronger city. The conquered peoples were forced to work for the Spartans as serfs called helots. The Spartans set up a military state in order to keep these conquered peoples under their control. This military state strictly controlled the lives of the Spartans. Men were trained to be warriors and were raised under strict military conduct; they lived in military barracks until they were thirty.
Monarchy, tyranny, aristocracy, oligarchy and democracy are all forms of government the ruled the different polies in Ancient Greece. Monarchy as a form of government in Ancient Greece was the idea that a successor from a line of leaders and men in power could rule over the land. In the Greek world, however, monarchies were rare and were often only distinguished from a tyranny when the hereditary ruler was more benevolent and ruled in the genuine interest of his people
3. Compare and contrast the idea of democracy in Ancient Greece and Rome. Which system was more democratic and why? Democracy is the modern day standard for governmental systems. However up until 500 BCE, the concept of Democracy was a foreign concept, and the great civilizations of that era were run by monarchs, aristocrats, and religious leaders of sorts.
Ancient Greek’s military trainings influenced Ancient Rome in their powerful army. However, a strong army would be ineffective without a strong leader. Alexander the Great significantly influenced the leadership style of Julius Caesar. Alexander the Great was the king and renown general of Macedonia. He led the Greek army against Persia and used many bold tactics in battle.
Forms of Government in Ancient Greece Poleis University of The People Greek city-states ruled their populace through different governmental systems. Each polis was unique in its form of government and the latter, the type of the government, had undergone quite a few changes over time. Aristotle categorized types of government in Ancient Greece into monarchies, oligarchies, tyrannies, and democracies(Carr, 2017). Monarchies, a ruling system in which total power rests with one person or a family, were the norm in the early ages of Greek, about 2000 BC and after, which is an era known as the Bronze Age(ContessaD, 2012). This form of government was represented either by kingdoms or empires.
When these measures did not prove sufficient, the monarch waged war against these opposing groups, which was cleverly called ‘diplomacy by other means’. The spoils of the wars brought in revenue for the kingdom and displayed the military prowess of the state. However, these wars did not take place simply to further eco-political aspirations but more importantly, in the monarch’s expansionist view, he sought to destroy obstacles that would prevent him from being the sole power in all his conquered land. Many of these wars took place within the state itself, as there were several ruling families and warring factions with varying ideologies who all looked to be the only rulers of the state. Therefore, absolutism was also an achievement that referred to a ruler being able to diminish the power of the other ruling families and establish their power as the strongest and, most importantly, the only power in that state.
Leonidas was set up for his Kingship because his dad was also a King. His name was “King Anaxandridas II” (Biography King Leonidas”). This put a lot of pressure on him to live up to his father’s name and make him proud. Leonidas’ known family besides his father consists of his “half brother, Cleomenes I” who was birthed by the “second wife” of King Anaxandridas II (“Biography King Leonidas”).
A monarchy is a form of government where sovereignty is in control through one person, a head of state called a monarch. The person in charge of the head position holds their title until death or abdication. Monarchs were usually chosen through bloodline, like being related, usually the son or daughter, of the previous monarch like the king. Just because you were part of royalty doesn’t mean you did nothing, everybody had a job. When the king wasn’t throwing big parties, eating feasts, and living in a palace enjoying life his tasks were the hardest out of everybody in the royalty class.
Greece is a parliamentary republic since1974, headed by a president and ruled by an elected government. As Greek citizens, the inhabitants of the Cyclades participate in democratic processes of the region and nation. Members of the government are elected for four years, while the president is in office for five years. This information is all according to the Greek embassy in the United States of America, and